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系統識別號 U0002-1006201113451200
中文論文名稱 創新與創業精神研究之發展與回顧
英文論文名稱 The Development of Innovation and Entrepreneurship: A Literature Review
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 管理科學研究所碩士班
系所名稱(英) Graduate Institute of Management Science
學年度 99
學期 2
出版年 100
研究生中文姓名 辛敏綺
研究生英文姓名 Min-Chi Hsin
學號 698620977
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
口試日期 2011-05-13
論文頁數 122頁
口試委員 指導教授-牛涵錚
委員-陳登源
委員-楊千
中文關鍵字 創新  創業精神  內容分析法 
英文關鍵字 innovation  Entrepreneurship  Content analysis 
學科別分類 學科別社會科學管理學
中文摘要 一國的經濟成長有賴各種因素配合,其中國家基礎建設之健全,政府經濟政策以及人民的勤奮與創業精神等,一直被視首要因素。近年來,各國政府開始重視並積極協助其國民創業,尤其是經歷了2008年之金融風暴影響,創業精神、創新已是推動經濟發展與強化國際競爭力的主要焦點。
  本研究以近十年(2000~2010)全球之著名期刊為範圍,創新(innovation)及創業精神 (Entrepreneurship)兩關鍵字進行搜尋探討。就ISI(Institute for Scientific Information)資料庫,以內容分析法進行資料分析,其中以作者國籍、文章之研究類型、研究領域、期刊種類、進行個別分析探討以及交叉比對,之後再以期刊排名與重要性和關鍵字的關聯分析,試圖就歷年之變化與研究內容之差異性,瞭解對創業精神和創新之研究趨勢。
  研究結果發現,創新與創業精神該領域之研究,於近年來大幅增加,美國於近十年均為文章出版最多的國家,但其所占百分比以逐漸下降,顯示全球對該領域的重視,雖然依舊缺乏多面向的探討,但其研究之基礎已經快逐漸成長。而本研究也於最後進行關聯分析,尋找出科技相關產業、政策與經濟相關議題、學術相關議題等研究議題,以了解創新與創業精神的趨勢。
英文摘要 National Economic growth depends on a number of factors, such as technology and natural ,social resources, government's economic policies, the people's hard work and entrepreneurship.In recent years, governments began to attach importance to and actively assist their nationals entrepreneurship, especially after the 2008 financial crisis, innovation and entrepreneurship has been the main driving force to promote economic development.
This study adopts the way of literature analysis, using mainly Content Analysis Method.Articles and reviews in the innovation and Entrepreneurship category published from 2000 to 2010 were accessed through the ISI database.The data were analyzed number of documents, author nationalities, research design types, research methods, journal categories and research topic.The results showed that innovation and entrepreneurship in the field of study, a significant increase in recent years.The USA, UK and Germany were found to be the most productive countries (number of publications).
Finally, we use data mining of association rules on the author supplied keywords .
Found that the trend of innovation and entrepreneurship research issues in technology related industries, policy and economic issues and academic issues.
論文目次 第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究背景 1
第二節 研究動機與目的 2
第三節 研究流程 3
第二章 文獻探討 4
第一節 創新 4
第二節 創業精神 10
第三節 創新與創業精神之相關研究 14
第三章 研究方法 21
第一節 研究架構 21
第二節 研究對象 22
第三節 研究工具 23
第四節 研究步驟 33
第五節 資料分析方法 37
第四章 研究結果與討論 39
第一節 期刊論文數量概況分析與討論 39
第二節 期刊論文之作者國籍分析與討論 44
第三節 期刊論文研究方法分析與討論 57
第四節 期刊研究領域的分析與討論 64
第五節 期刊論文研究主題分析與討論 75
第六節 期刊重要性與排名 86
第七節 創新與創業精神研究關鍵字之關聯分析 89
第五章 結論與建議 106
第一節 研究結論 106
第二節 研究限制與後續建議 109
參 考 文 獻 111
一、中文文獻 111
二、英文文獻 113



表目錄
表 2-1 創新的定義 5
表 2-2 創業精神之定義與內涵 12
表 3-1 研究主題分類表 35
表 3-2 研究主題分類表 35
表 4-1 2000至2010年資料庫與創業精神與創新文章篇數統計表 39
表 4-2 2000至2010年資料庫與創業精神與創新文章篇數統計表 41
表 4-3 2000至2010年文章質化與量化數量統計表 43
表 4-4 各國籍作者出版之論文數量統計表 44
表 4-5 不同出版年代之出版期刊作者國籍的交叉表與卡方檢定方檢定 46
表 4-6各作者國籍出版之成長量數與成長平均數統計表 50
表 4-7 2000-2005年出版之前十名 53
表 4-8 2006-2010年出版之前十名 54
表 4-9 2000-2005與2006-2010整體比較 55
表 4-10 2000至2010年第二作者國籍之前三排名 56
表 4-11 期刊論文研究方法之數量統計表 57
表 4-12 不同出版年代之研究方法的交叉表與卡方檢定 59
表 4-13 研究方法的成長量數與成長平均數統計表 60
表 4-14 2000-2005年研究方法 62
表 4-15 2006-2010年研究方法 62
表 4-16 2000-2005與2006-2010整體比較表 64
表 4-17 期刊種類之數量統計表 65
表 4-18 不同出版年代之期刊種類的交叉表與卡方檢定 67
表 4-19 期刊種類的成長量數與成長平均數統計表 69
表 4-20 2000至2005年文章於各期刊種類的變化情形 72
表 4-21 2006至2010年期刊研究種類 73
表 4-22 2000至2005與2006至2010各期刊種類之整體比較 74
表 4-23 論文研究主題之數量統計表 76
表 4-24 不同出版年代之研究主題的交叉表與卡方檢定 78
表 4-25 期刊論文研究主題的成長量數與成長平均數統計表 80
表 4-26 2000-2005年之研究主題學位論文數量排名統計表 82
表 4-27 2006-2010年之研究主題學位論文數量排名統計表 83
表 4-28 2000-2005與2006-2010研究主題之前十名數量排名統計表 84
表 4-29 JCR 2009年期刊排名數與本研究收錄期刊數之對照表 86
表 4-30 「BUSSINESS」和「MANAGEMENT」類別的評比前十名 87
表 4-31 本研究期刊收錄於JCR之對照統計表 88
表 4-32 創新與創業精神之關鍵字 90
表 4-33 2000年關鍵字之關聯分析 92
表 4-34 2001年關鍵字之關聯分析 93
表 4-35 2002年關鍵字之關聯分析 93
表 4-36 2003年關鍵字之關聯分析 94
表 4-37 2004年關鍵字之關聯分析 95
表 4-38 2005年關鍵字之關聯分析 96
表 4-39 2006年關鍵字之關聯分析 96
表 4-40 2007年關鍵字之關聯分析 97
表 4-41 2008年關鍵字之關聯分析 98
表 4-42 2009年關鍵字之關聯分析 99
表 4-43 2010年關鍵字之關聯分析 100

圖 目 錄
圖 1-1 研究流程 3
圖 2-1 創新矩陣 10
圖 3-1 研究架構圖 21
圖 3-2 研究流程圖 33
圖 4-1 2000至2010年資料庫與創新與創業精神文章篇數統計圖 40
圖 4-2 2000至2010年本研究收錄之創新與創業精神文章篇數統計圖 41
圖 4-3 2000至2010年文章質化與量化數量統計圖 43
圖 4-4 各國籍作者出版之論文數量圖 45
圖 4-5 期刊論文研究方法之數量統計圖 58
圖 4-6 期刊領域之數量統計表 65
圖 4-7 論文研究主題之數量統計表 77
圖 4-8 2000至2010年相關分析之前三名關鍵字分布圖 102

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