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系統識別號 U0002-1003201413030500
中文論文名稱 利用聽前活動增進外語學生英語新聞聽力成效
英文論文名稱 Enhancing EFL Students’ Listening Comprehension of TV News via Video-based Instruction with Pre-listening Activities
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 英文學系碩士班
系所名稱(英) Department of English
學年度 102
學期 1
出版年 103
研究生中文姓名 張伯綸
研究生英文姓名 Bo-Lun Chang
學號 699110085
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
口試日期 2014-01-13
論文頁數 98頁
口試委員 指導教授-杜德倫
委員-王藹玲
委員-蔡麗娟
中文關鍵字 英語聽力理解  聽前活動  影片教學  基模 
英文關鍵字 video-based instruction  authentic video  listening comprehension 
學科別分類 學科別人文學語言文學
中文摘要 為輔助提升台灣英語教師聽力教學法,本研究旨在探討英語聽力課程的聽前活動之重要性,藉由兩組合計120位北台灣西班牙語系大學生的學習成效進行對比,對照組施行一般影像輔助教學,實驗組則加上聽前活動,為紀錄學習成效,在12堂教學實驗前後各實施前後測驗,及兩次延遲測驗。實驗結果顯示,實驗組不僅進步顯著,進步幅度更大幅超越對照組,對照組反而出現退步現象,印證聽前活動能幫助提升英語聽力學習的不足。問卷以及簡單訪談結果顯示出實驗組對於自身英語能力評估,跨文化感知以及學習動機都較控制組來得好。民國104年台灣大考中心將英語聽力列入大學入學考試,為因應此教育政策,本研究強調台灣英語教師需要設計能加強學生基模訓練的聽前活動,以激發學生英語聽力學習成效。
英文摘要 The aim of this study is to investigate an alternative instruction to teach EFL listening comprehension in an EFL environment, such as Taiwan. This study examined two types of instruction of English listening teaching in a Taiwanese college for a comparative experiment. The participants were first-year Spanish majors and they were divided into two groups, with one group, the control group (CG), instructed with video-based instruction without any pre-listening activities while the other, the experimental group(EG), with video-based instruction and schematic pre-listening activities. Both groups received 12 times of different instruction, and a pretest before the instruction and a posttest after the instruction were utilized to measure participants’ performance on listening comprehension. In addition, the delayed posttest was conducted to investigate the long-term effect of this study. Results show that experimental group (EG) not only made considerable improvement, it also performed better than the control group (CG) significantly. The control group (CG), in effect, showed regression rather than progression after 12-week instruction. The results bolster our hypothesis that schematic pre-listening activities could enhance students’ listening comprehension ability extensively. Further, the results of the questionnaire and a small-scale interview indicated that the participants in the experimental group think their English improved and their attitude was positive about CNN TV news, and their cultural awareness was enhanced more than the control group. Our study underlines the urgency for EFL teachers to have an alternative pedagogy to instruct English listening comprehension, as the CEEC will put listening comprehension as one of the requirement of college entrance exam in Taiwan.
論文目次 Acknowledgement i

English Abstract ii

Chinese Abstract iii

Table of Contents v

List of Tables and Diagrams ix

Chapter One Introduction 1

1.1 Background of the Study 1
1.2 The Statement of Problem 4
1.3 The Purpose of the Study 4
1.4 Research Questions 5
1.5 Significance of the Study 6
1.6 Definition of Terms 6
1.6.1 Pre-listening Activities 7
1.6.2 Authenticity 7
1.6.3 Schemata 7
1.7 Organization of the Thesis 8


Chapter Two Literature Review 10
2.1 The Teaching and Learning of EFL Listening 10
2.1 Cognitivist’s Views on List Comprehension 12
2.2 Piaget’s Assimilation, Accommodation, and Equilibration 13
2.3 Definition of Schemata 14
2.4 Formal Schemata, Linguistic Schemata, and Content Schemata 17
2.5 The Effectiveness of Pr-listening Activities to Activate Schemata 24
2.6 Empirical Studies of Mental Schemata of Listening Comprehension 33
2.7 Video-based Instruction 35
2.8 The Merit of Teaching Listening Comprehension with TV news 37
2.9 Motivations enhanced by Video-based Instruction 39
Chapter Three Methodology 43
3.1 Subjects 43
3.2 The Experimental Lesson 44
3.3 The Control Lesson 44
3.4 Instruction 44
3.5 Questionnaires 47
3.6 Small-Scale Interviews 48
3.7 Materials 49
3.8 Instrument 49
3.9 Summary of the Experimental Design 50
Chapter Four Results and Discussion 51
4.1 The Reliability and Validity of the Questionnaire 51
4.2 Results and Discussion of the Pilot Study 53
4.3 Main Study: Results and Discussion of Research Question 1 55
4.4 Results and Discussion of Research Question 2 58
4.5 Results and Discussion of Research Question 3 62
4.6 Results and Discussion of Research Question 4 67
4.7 Comparison of the Experimental Group and the Control Group 71
4.8 Summary of Data and Results 72
Chapter Five Conclusion 73
5.1 Significance and Implication of the Study 74
5.2 Limitation of the Study 75
5.3 Suggestions for the Future Research 76
5.4 Summary of Conclusion 76
Reference 79
Appendix A 87
Appendix B 90
Appendix C 93
Appendix D 94
Appendix E 97
















List of Tables and Diagrams

Diagram 2.1: Piaget’s Cognitive Schema 14

Diagram 2.2: A Diagram of Someone’s Possible Schema 24

Table 3.1 Teaching Materials and Time Schedule of the Experiment 44

Table 4.1 Reliability Result 53

Table 4.2 Paired Sample T-test of the Mean Scores of the Pretest of Listening Comprehension Test in Pilot Study 53

Table 4.3 Paired Sample T-test of the Mean Scores of the Posttest of Listening Comprehension Test in Pilot Study 54

Table 4.4 Descriptive Statistics for Pretest, Posttest and Delayed Posttest 55

Table 4.5 Descriptive Statistics for Pretest and Delayed Posttest 56

Table 4.6 Descriptive Statistics for Positive Perception of the VBI enhanced by TV News 61

Table 4.7 Descriptive Statistics for Self-assessment of English Improvement 64

Table 4.8 Descriptive Statistics for Students’ Cultural Awareness 68

Table 4.9 Descriptive Statistics Comparison of Questionnaires 71





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