|| Zhu Dunru’s works of Qiaoge show the political and social environment from the end of the Northern Song Dynasty to the beginning of the Southern Song Dynasty. However, not until modern times did historians start to take account of their value. Hu Suh’s Collection and Annotation of Ci (written by Hu Suh) says, “Qiaoge to Ci is like Ji-Rang Ji (Shoa Yong’s poetry) to Tang poetry, but Zhu Dunru excels Shoa Yong when it comes to the literary value. It may be better to compare him to Tao Qian?” This manifests Hu Suh’s favor and great attention to Zhu Dunru. Therefore, I decide my research topic as “A Study of Zhu Dunru’s Qiaoge”.
This thesis consists of seven chapters: The first chapter is “Introduction”, which illustrates my motivation, my purpose, the previous study in this field, the scale of the research, and the research method. The second chapter is “The Background of Zhu Dunru”, divided into four phases—before moving to the South, after moving to the South but before taking up an official post, during taking up an official post, and the later years. The third chapter is “Before Moving South”. I classify Zhu Dunru’s works into three categories—on contemporary politics, on unbridled and elegant style and gifting Ci, and on loving and longing bearing. The forth chapter is “After Moving to the South but Before Taking up an Official Post”. I classify Zhu Dunru’s works into three categories—on patriotism, on nostalgia, and on dissatisfaction in government’s contentment to rather hold a smaller part of the territory. The fifth chapter is “During Taking up an Official Post”. I classify Zhu Dunru’s works into three categories—on anger with government’s not knowing about regaining power, on depression about difficulty of achieving the ambitions in official post, and on disappointment at the political status of the nation. The sixth chapter is “The Later Years”. I classify Zhu Dunru’s works into three categories—on helplessness of official post, on taste of peaceful and quiet life, and on expectation of restoration of the former nation. The seventh chapter is “Conclusion”, which sum up and conclude the thesis. I arrange all sorts of Ci works and tune names in order, narrating feelings and personal spirits of Ci composers in different generations and firmly establishing Zhu Dunru’s important role in the development of Ci in Song Dynasty.
This thesis is mainly about Zhu Dunru’s works of Qiaoge using his background to separate into different phases. Moreover, by developing more understanding about the feelings and personal spirits he exhibited in different phases, it justifies the importance of Zhu Dunru’s works. Due to this thesis conducted, we can have a further and deeper realization about Zhu Dunru’s Qiaoge.