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系統識別號 U0002-1001201209513300
中文論文名稱 穿越米蘭昆德拉小說裡的超我幻想
英文論文名稱 Working Through the Superego Fantasy in Milan Kundera's Novels
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 英文學系碩士班
系所名稱(英) Department of English
學年度 100
學期 1
出版年 101
研究生中文姓名 楊文馨
研究生英文姓名 Wen-hsin Yang
學號 697110327
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
口試日期 2011-12-30
論文頁數 79頁
口試委員 指導教授-黃涵榆
委員-黃涵榆
委員-蔡振興
委員-陳佩筠
中文關鍵字 存在主義  幻想  超我  憤世嫉俗 
英文關鍵字 Existentialism  fantasy  superego  cynicism 
學科別分類 學科別人文學語言文學
中文摘要 本論文對米蘭昆德拉《生命中不能承受之輕》及其他作品的閱讀在於發掘人對於這個充滿壓迫的世界應如何調適,而不必轉向社會道德的常態做為依歸。主角湯馬斯努力對這個似乎沒有意義的世界做出回應,並思考如何賦與其意義。本論文第一章簡短探討存在主義思潮的主要主題及其與昆德拉作品理解之關係。昆德拉與存在主義者相信這個世界規範但不完全限制人之存在。第二章則主要以精神分析的觀點閱讀昆德拉。人與這個世界、與他者之間的關係在於其主體位置。孩童出生於充滿語言的世界,而這些語言的存在是先於其出生的。為了表達其願望,孩童必須學習父母(他者)的語言。在探討過角色的基本幻想後,本論文強調超我的控制如何主宰米蘭昆德拉《生命中不能承受之輕》作品中的世界。第三章將致力於闡明昆德拉及其角色的世界觀。在認識超我及憤世嫉俗的幻滅後,人應能自由行動並負起全責,而不假於社會規範。
英文摘要 The reading of Milan Kundera’s The Unbearable Lightness of Being, as well as other works, aims at discovering how man should adjust himself to the oppressive world without referring to the social, ethical norms. The protagonist Tomas is striving to respond to the world that seems meaningless and to ponder on how to bestow the world with new meaning. Chapter one briefly discusses the major themes of Existentialist thinking and how they are related to the reading of Kundera’s works. Kundera, as well as Existentialists, believes that the world conditions rather than limits man’s existence. Chapter two consists mainly of the reading of Kundera from psychoanalytic perspective. Man’s relation to the world and to others depends on his subject position. Children are all born into a world of language that precedes their birth. In order to express their wishes, they are bound to learn their parents’ (the Other’s) language. Their wishes are molded by the process. They eventually learn to respond to the Other through fantasy. After discussing the fundamental fantasy of each character, the thesis emphasises on how the superego imperative dominates the world of Kundera’s The Unbearable Lightness of Being. Chapter three is devoted to the world view of Kundera and his characters. While recognizing the disillusionments of cynicism and the superego, man should be able to act freely and take full responsibility without resorting to the social norms.
論文目次 Introduction----------------------------------------------1
Chapter One Freedom, Responsibility and Meaning
Kundera and the Existentialists as the Response to the World of Irrationality------------------------------------12
Kundera's Use of Nietzsche as the Situation Where His Characters Were Born--------------------------------------19
Chapter Two Fantasy and Superego
Fantasy, the Other's Desire and the Displacement Covering the Fundamental Inconsistency-----------------------------34
Fantasy Types Adopted by Characters in The Unbearable Lightness of Being---------------------------------------37
Superego as the Internal Tyrant Beating the Subject Up and as the Obscene Underside of the law-----------------------51
Superego Operating in The Unbearable Lightness of Being---56
Chapter Three Post-Communist Symptoms and Working Through the Superego Fantasy
Kundera and His Symptoms---------------------------------61
Work through the Superego Fantasy------------------------68
Conclusion-----------------------------------------------71
Works Cited----------------------------------------------------76
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Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud, Volume XIX. Trans. James Strachey. London: Hogarth P, 1955.
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Lingis, Alphonso. “The Will to Power.” Nietzsche: Critical Assessments, Volume II. Ed. Daniel W. Conway. New York: Routledge, 1998.
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Pichove, Hana. “The Narrator in Milan Kundera’s The Unbearable Lightness of
Being.” The Slavic and East European Journal, Vol. 36, No.2 summer, 1992.
Oppenheim, Lois. “Clarification, Eluicdations: An Interview with Milan Kundera.” The Review of Contemporary Fiction 9.2 (1989): 7-11.
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Rhine, Marjorie E. “A Body of One’s Own: The Body as Sanctum of Individual Integrity in Kundera’s The Unbearable Lightness of Being.” Critical Essays on Milan Kundera. Ed. Peter Petro. New York: G. K. Hall & Co., 1999. 231-241.
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Straus, Nina Pelikan. “Erasing History and Deconstructing the Text: The Book of Laughter and Forgetting.” The Unbearable Lightness of Being.” Critical Essays on Milan Kundera. Ed. Peter Petro. New York: G. K. Hall & Co., 1999. 248-266.
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