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系統識別號 U0002-0906201415552000
中文論文名稱 非氟素疏水性PU樹脂在織物撥水功能的應用與研究
英文論文名稱 Non-fluorine Hydrophobic Aqueous PU for water-repellent Textile Treatment
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 化學學系碩士班
系所名稱(英) Department of Chemistry
學年度 102
學期 2
出版年 103
研究生中文姓名 蔡宛純
研究生英文姓名 Wan-Chun Cai
學號 601160376
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
口試日期 2014-06-08
論文頁數 168頁
口試委員 指導教授-陳幹男
委員-葉正濤
委員-黃繼遠
中文關鍵字 非氟樹脂  聚矽氧烷  架橋反應 
英文關鍵字 Non-fluorine hydrophobic resin  polydimethylsiloxane  curing-linking 
學科別分類 學科別自然科學化學
中文摘要 本實驗設計使用含非氟素之矽氧烷、長鏈脂肪酸做為水性PU樹脂之疏水官能基,運用環保型水性PU樹脂的後架橋反應,使其 PU樹脂產生高密度網狀結構體系且具有疏水性或耐溶劑性,進而達到長效型撥水織物處理的目標。
水性聚胺酯(PU)分散液的原料選擇具疏水性質的矽氧烷(polydimethylxiloxane,簡稱PDMS)、長碳鏈脂肪酸(fatty acid,簡稱FA )當織物撥水處理的主要配方;並以TMPTA-AZ當後架橋劑,形成自行架橋型水性PU混成樹脂分散液(self-curable aqueous-based hybridized PU dispersion)。利用含浸塗佈的織物加工,將水性PU聚胺脂塗佈在經精練後聚酯纖維(PET)織物上,由於TMPTA-AZ架橋劑與水性PU混成樹脂形成化學鍵結的互穿式網狀交聯系統(IPN)崁入織物纖維之中,將原本親水性(精練後)的PET織物表面,提供具有撥水的性質,並耐水洗50次(AATCC-135-2004 washing test)仍呈現具有約原來80%的撥水性質。
英文摘要 Green chemistry is the motivation of this research. Aqueous-based Polyurethane (PU) resin using water as a media replacing organic solvent, it belongs to environmental friendly resin for hydrophobic (water-repellent) textile treatments. First, the aqueous-based PU for hydrophilic textile treatment is prepared from a PU prepolymer (via acetone process) that comprising polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS), PTMEG-2000 (poly-tetramethylene glycol), DMPA (dimethylol propanic acid), IPDI (isophorone diisocyanate) and fatty acid. Second, the hydrophobic PU prepolymer is neutralized and dispersed into water and forming aqueous PU dispersion; Third, a latent curing agent, TMPTA-AZ is added as a self-curable aqueous PU system; Finally, Hydroxystearic acid soap is incorporated into this hydrophobic aqueous PU dispersion for textile treatment. The cross-linking reaction takes place on textile at ambient temperature and forms an interpenetrating polymeric network (IPN) that embedded into the fabric between the flutes. The treated textile has a static contact angle of water drops above 140o and it remains on textile over 60 minutes. Also the sliding angle of water drops is below 20o. And these still maintain more than 80% of original repellent properties after 50 times water washing cycles (AATCC-135-2004 washing test). This research provides a new process for non-fluorine long-lasting water-repellent textile treatment.
論文目次 總 目 錄
中摘
英摘
圖 表 目 錄 ......................... VIII
式目錄 .............................. VIII
表目錄 .............................. IX
圖目錄 .............................. XIII
一、序 論 ................................ 1
1-1前言 .............................................................................................. 1
1-2仿生技術 ...................... 1
1-3荷葉效應 ...................... 2
1-4織物撥水加工的說明 .............. 5
1-5織物的撥水性 ................... 5
1-6消費者對撥水性織物之需求 ...................................................... 7
1-7揮發性有機成分(Volatile Organic Compounds) ......................... 8
1-8研究動機與目的 .......................................................................... 9
二、文 獻 回 顧 ............................................................................ 11
2-1聚胺酯介紹 ................................................................................ 11
2-1-1聚胺酯發展歷程 ..................................................................... 12
2-1-2聚胺酯的基本材料 ................................................................. 13
2-2水性聚胺酯介紹 ........................................................................ 22
2-2-1水性聚胺酯類型 ............................................................. 23
2-2-2水性PU分散液製造技術 ............................................. 28
2-3疏水性材料之特性 .................................................................... 36
2-4表面能之簡介 ............................................................................ 38
2-4-1界面張力與表面張力之簡介 ......................................... 40
2-4-2撥水理論 ......................................................................... 40
2-5聚對苯二甲酸乙酯纖維 ............................................................ 42
2-6纖維去污 .................................................................................... 44
2-7有機聚矽氧烷高分子 ................................................................ 45
2-7-1有機聚矽氧烷簡介 ......................................................... 45
2-7-2聚矽氧烷之結構和特性 ................................................. 45
2-7-3聚二甲基矽氧烷簡介 ..................................................... 48
2-7-4聚矽氧烷材料在撥水加工之應用................................. 49
三、 實 驗 .................................................................................... 50
II
3-1儀器 ............................................................................................ 50
3-2化學藥品 .................................................................................... 51
3-3常溫架橋型水性聚胺酯合成步驟 ............................................ 54
3-3-1PTMEG-2000-DMPA-IPDI Prepolymer(P-PU)之合成 .. 54
3-3-2水性PTMEG-2000- DMPA-IPDI(P-WPU)合成 ........... 56
3-4常溫架橋型水性聚胺酯合成步驟 ............................................ 57
3-4-1KF-6001-DMPA-IPDI Prepolymer(K-PU)之合成 .......... 57
3-4-2水性KF-6001- DMPA-IPDI(K-WPU)合成 ................... 59
3-5常溫架橋型水性聚胺酯合成步驟 ............................................ 60
3-5-1 12-Hydroxystearic acid-PTMEG-2000-IPDI (H-PU)之合成............................................................................................... 60
3-3-2 水性12-Hydroxystearic acid-PTMEG-2000-IPDI (H-PU)之合成 ...................................................................................... 62
3-6常溫架橋型織物撥水加工 ........................................................ 63
3-6-1水性H-WPU及水性P-WPU及K-WPU的混合水性分散液織物撥水加工 .................................................................. 63
3-7固含量測試 (Solid Content) ..................................................... 65
3-8聚胺酯預聚物異氰酸酯含量(NCO %)測定 ............................ 65
3-9薄膜物理性質測試 .................................................................... 67
3-9-1膠含量(Gel Content)測定 ......................................... 67
3-9-2去離子水浸泡吸水率(Water-Uptake, WA %)及對水損失率(Weight Loss in Water, WL %)測定 ............................ 68
3-9-3 95%乙醇溶液浸泡吸收率(Ethanol-Uptake, EA %)及對乙醇損失率(Weight Loss in Ethanol, EL %)測定 .......... 69
3-10薄膜熱性質測試 ...................................................................... 70
3-10-1熱重分析測試(TGA) .................................................... 70
3-11光譜鑑定 .................................................................................. 71
3-11-1傅立葉轉換紅外線光譜儀測定(FT-IR) ...................... 71
3-12織物表面之靜態接觸角(Static Contact Angle)測定 .............. 71
3-13織物表面之滑動角(Sliding Angle)測定 ................................. 72
3-14掃描式電子顯微鏡測試(SEM) ............................................... 73
3-15能量散射光譜儀測試(Energy Dispersive Spectrometer) ....... 74
3-16織物水洗堅牢度測試(AATCC-135-2004) ............................. 75
3-16-1洗滌流程 ....................................................................... 75
3-16-2 洗滌操作條件 .............................................................. 76
3-17織物撥水性能測試 (AATCC-22-2005) ................................. 78
III
3-17-1測試流程 ....................................................................... 78
3-17-2測試評級 ....................................................................... 78
四、結果與討論 .............................................................................. 80
4-1 Prepolymer之光譜鑑定 ............................................................ 80
4-1-1 PTMEG-2000 –DMPA-IPDI Prepolymer(P-PU)之光譜鑑定........................................................................................... 80
4-1-2 KF-6001-DMPA-IPDI Prepolymer(K-PU)之光譜鑑定 . 81
4-1-3 12-Hydroxystearic acid-PTMEG-2000-IPDI Prepolymer(H-PU)之光譜鑑定 ................................................ 82
4-2混成樹脂之物理性質分析 ........................................................ 83
4-2-1膠含量(Gel Content)....................................................... 83
4-2-2薄膜之吸水率(Water-Uptake, WA %)及損水率(Weight Loss in Water, WL %) ............................................................. 83
4-2-3薄膜之吸乙醇率(Ethanol-Uptake, EA %)及對乙醇損失率(Weight Loss in Ethanol, EL %) .................................. 85
4-3熱重分析(TGA) .................................................................... 87
4-4常溫架橋型水性混摻樹脂之織物撥水加工應用 .................... 96
4-5織物塗佈率(Coating ratio of textiles)及水的靜態接觸角(Static contact angle) .................................................................................... 97
4-6織物塗佈率(Coating ratio of textile)及水滴的滑動角(Sliding angle) ............................................................................................... 101
【PART 1】 .................................................................................... 104
4-7常溫架橋型水性混摻樹脂之織物撥水效果探討 .................. 104
4-7-1含脂肪族/聚矽氧烷水性混摻樹脂添加架橋劑之織物撥水效果探討 ............................................................................ 104
4-7-2織物含不同比率脂肪酸(%)對撥水效果影響 ............ 108
4-7-3塗佈率不同對織物接觸角的影響............................... 112
4-7-4塗佈率不同對織物滑動角的影響............................... 114
4-7-5塗佈率不同對織物潤濕時間的影響 .......................... 116
4-8含脂肪族/聚矽氧烷水性混摻樹脂添加架橋劑之織物塗佈率及潤濕時間水洗堅牢度 ................................................................ 118
4-9含脂肪族/聚矽氧烷水性混摻樹脂添加架橋劑之織物接觸角及滑動角水洗堅牢度 .................................................................... 123
4-9-1水性混摻樹脂之織物水的接觸角水洗堅牢度 .......... 125
4-9-2水性混摻樹脂之織物水的滑動角水洗堅牢度 .......... 128
4-9-3水洗50次不同比率脂肪酸對撥水效果的影響 ........ 131
IV
【PART 2 】 .................................................................................. 134
4-10常溫架橋型水性混摻樹脂之織物撥水效果探討 ................ 134
4-10-1含脂肪族/聚矽氧烷水性混摻樹脂添加架橋劑之織物撥水效果探討 ........................................................................ 134
4-10-2 A系列含固定聚矽氧烷(17.3%),改變脂肪酸比率對撥水效果影響 ............................................................................ 136
4-10-3 B系列含固定脂肪酸(6.8%),改變聚矽氧烷比率對撥水效果影響 ............................................................................ 138
4-10-4 A系列與B系列之織物塗佈率及潤濕時間水洗堅牢度 ................................................................................................. 140
4-10-5 A系列與B系列之織物接觸角及滑動角水洗堅牢度 ................................................................................................. 144
4-11織物表面微結構織掃描式之電子顯微鏡分析 .................... 150
4-12未加工前織物表面微結構之掃描式電子顯微鏡分析 ........ 151
4-13加工後織物表面微結構之掃描式電子顯微鏡分析 ............ 152
4-14未加工前織物表面元素能量散射光譜儀測試 .................... 158
4-15加工後織物表面元素能量散射光譜儀測試 ........................ 159
五、結 論 ...................................................................................... 165
六、參考文獻 ................................................................................ 166
V
圖 表 目 錄
式目錄
Scheme1 PTMEG-2000-DMPA-IPDI Prepolymer(P-PU) 之合成 ......... 55
Scheme2水性PTMEG-2000-DMPA-IPDI Prepolymer(P-WPU) 之合成 ................................................................................................................... 56
Scheme3 KF6001-DMPA-IPDI Prepolymer(K-PU) 之合成 .................. 58
Scheme4水性KF-601-DMPA-IPDI(K-WPU)合成 ................................ 59
Scheme5 12-Hydroxystearic acid-PTMEG-2000-IPDI (H-PU)之合成 .. 61
Scheme6水性12-Hydroxystearic acid-PTMEG-2000-IPDI (H-WPU)合成 ............................................................................................................... 62
Scheme7水性混摻樹脂架橋反應 ........................................................... 64
VI
表目錄
表2-1 表面結構所具有的官能基之表面張力 .................................... 39
表2-2 聚矽氧烷之結構特性 ................................................................ 46
表3-1 洗滌和乾燥程序 ........................................................................ 76
表3-2 洗衣機條件 ................................................................................ 77
表3-3 乾衣機條件 ................................................................................ 77
表4-1 未添加架橋劑水性PU混成樹脂薄膜物理性質分析 ............. 86
表4-2 添加架橋劑水性PU混成樹脂薄膜物理性質分析 ................. 86
表4-3 H-WPU:P-WPU:K-WPU =1:1:1混成樹脂與添加架橋劑後於氮氣系統下熱性質 .................................................................................. 88
表4-4 H-WPU:P-WPU:K-WPU =2:1:1混成樹脂與添加架橋劑後於氮氣系統下熱性質 .................................................................................. 90
表 4-5 H-WPU:P-WPU:K-WPU=1:2:1混成樹脂與添加架橋劑後於氮氣系統下熱性質 .................................................................................. 92
表 4-6 總表H-WPU:P-WPU:K-WPU添加架橋劑混成樹脂添加架橋劑於氮氣系統下熱性質 .......................................................................... 94
表4-7 織物H-WPU:P-WPU:K-WPU =2:1:1塗佈率、對水的接觸角、對水的滑動角、潤濕時間 .................................................................... 105
表4-8 織物H-WPU:P-WPU:K-WPU =1:1:1塗佈率、對水的接觸角、對水的滑動角、潤濕時間 .................................................................... 106
表4-9 織物H-WPU:P-WPU:K-WPU=1:2:1塗佈率、對水的接觸角、對水的滑動角、潤濕時間 .................................................................... 107
表4-10織物塗佈率5%,織物含不同脂肪酸(%)對撥水效果影響 109
表4-11織物塗佈率10%,織物含不同脂肪酸(%)對撥水效果影響 109
表4-12織物塗佈率15%,織物含不同脂肪酸(%)對撥水效果影響 109
表4-13 水性混摻樹脂的織物塗佈率及接觸角 .................................. 113
表4-14 水性混摻樹脂的織物塗佈率及滑動角 .................................. 115
表4-15 水性混摻樹脂的織物塗佈率及潤濕時間 .............................. 117
表4-16 水性混摻樹脂H-WPU:P-WPU:K-WPU=2:1:1織物潤濕時間之實驗數據 ................................................................................................. 120
表4-17 水性混摻樹脂H-WPU:P-WPU:K-WPU=1:1:1織物潤濕時間之實驗數據 ............................................................................................. 121
表4-18 水性混摻樹脂H-WPU:P-WPU:K-WPU=1:2:1織物潤濕時間之實驗數據 ............................................................................................. 122
表4-19 水性混摻樹脂H-WPU:P-WPU:K-WPU=2:1:1織物水的接觸角之實驗數據......................................................................................... 125
VII
表4-20 水性混摻樹脂H-WPU:P-WPU:K-WPU=1:1:1織物水的接觸角之實驗數據......................................................................................... 126
表4-21 水性混摻樹脂H-WPU:P-WPU:K-WPU=1:2:1織物水的接觸角之實驗數據......................................................................................... 127
表4-22 水性混摻樹脂H-WPU:P-WPU:K-WPU=2:1:1織物水的滑動角之實驗數據......................................................................................... 128
表4-23 水性混摻樹脂H-WPU:P-WPU:K-WPU=1:1:1織物水的滑動角之實驗數據......................................................................................... 129
表4-24 水性混摻樹脂H-WPU:P-WPU:K-WPU=1:2:1織物水的滑動角之實驗數據......................................................................................... 130
表4-25 織物塗佈率5%,水洗50次不同脂肪酸(%)對撥水效果影響 ................................................................................................................. 131
表4-26 織物塗佈率10%,水洗50次不同脂肪酸(%)對撥水效果影響 ............................................................................................................. 131
表4-27 織物塗佈率15%,水洗50次不同脂肪酸(%)對撥水效果影響 ............................................................................................................. 131
表4-28 A系列含固定聚矽氧烷(17.3%),改變脂肪酸比率對撥水效果影響 ..................................................................................................... 136
表4-29 B系列含固定脂肪酸(6.8%),改變聚矽氧烷比率對撥水效果影響 ......................................................................................................... 138
表4-30 A系列織物潤濕時間之實驗數據 ........................................ 142
表4-31 B系列織物潤濕時間之實驗數據 ........................................ 143
表4-32 A系列織物水的接觸角之實驗數據 .................................... 146
表4-33 B系列織物水的接觸角之實驗數據 .................................... 147
表4-34 A系列織物水的滑動角之實驗數據 .................................... 148
表4-35 B系列織物水的滑動角之實驗數據 .................................... 149
VIII
圖目錄
圖1-1荷葉表面上的污物被水帶走的實際微觀情形 ............................. 4
圖2-1a.羧酸鹽型乳化劑b.磺酸鹽型乳化劑 ......................................... 23
圖2-2陰離子型水性聚胺酯分散液 ....................................................... 24
圖2-3陽離子型水性聚胺酯分散液 ....................................................... 26
圖2-4非離子型水性PU分散液 ............................................................ 27
圖2-5丙酮加工法流程圖 ....................................................................... 29
圖2-6預聚物離子混合加工法流程圖 ................................................... 31
圖2-7熱融加工法流程圖 ....................................................................... 33
圖2-8酮亞胺/酮連氮加工法流程圖 ...................................................... 35
圖2-9液體滴落固體表面的接觸角大小 ............................................... 41
圖2-10聚對苯二甲酸乙酯化學結構 ..................................................... 43
圖2-11織物纖維表面去污 ..................................................................... 44
圖3-1接觸角測試示意圖 ....................................................................... 72
圖3-2測量水滴滑動角的滑動情形 ....................................................... 73
圖3-3織物拒水性能測試評分(級)圖表樣照 ........................................ 79
圖4-1 PTMEG-2000 –DMPA-IPDI Prepolymer之FT-IR光譜圖 ........ 80
圖4-2 KF-6001-DMPA-IPDI Prepolymer之FT-IR光譜圖 .................. 81
圖4-3 12-Hydroxystearic acid-PTMEG-2000-IPDIPrepolymer之FT-IR光譜圖 ....................................................................................................... 82
圖4-4熱重分析圖:(●) H-WPU:P-WPU:K-WPU =1:1:1 0phr 未添加架橋劑;( □ ) H-WPU:P-WPU:K-WPU =1:1:1 5phr 未添加架橋劑 .... 89
圖4-5一次微分熱重分析圖:(●) H-WPU:P-WPU:K-WPU =1:1:1 0phr 未添加架橋劑;( □ ) H-WPU:P-WPU:K-WPU =1:1:1 5phr 添加架橋劑 ............................................................................................................... 89
圖4-6熱重分析圖:(●) H-WPU:P-WPU:K-WPU =2:1:1 0phr 未添加架橋劑;( □ ) H-WPU:P-WPU:K-WPU =2:1:1 5phr 添加架橋劑 ........ 91
圖4-7一次微分熱重分析圖:(●) H-WPU:P-WPU:K-WPU =2:1:1 0phr 未添加架橋劑;( □ ) H-WPU:P-WPU:K-WPU =2:1:1 5phr 添加架橋劑 ............................................................................................................... 91
圖4-8熱重分析圖:(●) H-WPU:P-WPU:K-WPU =1:2:1 0phr 未添加架橋劑;( □ ) H-WPU:P-WPU:K-WPU =1:2:1 5phr 添加架橋劑 ........ 93
圖4-9一次微分熱重分析圖:(●) H-WPU:P-WPU:K-WPU =1:2:1 0phr 未添加架橋劑;( □ ) H-WPU:P-WPU:K-WPU =1:2:1 5phr 添加架橋劑 ............................................................................................................... 93
IX
圖4-10總整理熱重分析圖添加架橋劑(●)H-WPU:P-WPU:K-WPU=1:1:1;(□)H-WPU:P-WPU:K-WPU=2:1:1
(┿) H-WPU:P-WPU:K-WPU =1:2:1 ...................................................... 95
圖4-11總整理一次微分熱重分析圖添加架橋劑5phr:........................ 95
(●)H-WPU:P-WPU:K-WPU=1:1:1;(□)H-WPU:P-WPU:K-WPU=2:1:1
(┿) H-WPU:P-WPU:K-WPU =1:2:1 ...................................................... 95
圖4-12未塗佈 PET聚酯纖維水滴滲入織物側面圖 ........................... 98
圖4-13塗佈後PET聚酯纖維水滴在織物表面側面圖 ........................ 98
圖4-14塗佈後PET聚酯纖維水洗10次水滴在織物表面側面圖 ...... 99
圖4-15塗佈後PET聚酯纖維水洗50次水滴在織物表面側面圖 ...... 99
圖4-16未加工 PET聚酯纖維,水滴陷下去之織物上表面圖 ......... 100
圖4-17加工後PET聚酯纖維,水滴在織物上表面圖 ...................... 100
圖4-18 Step1滑動角測試,PET織布水平平放 ................................. 102
圖4-19 Step2滑動角測試,水珠固定量70μL 滴在PET織布上 .... 102
圖4-20 Step3滑動角測試,將平台往上移使得因重力作用水珠滑落 ................................................................................................................. 103
圖4-21 Step4滑動角測試,紀錄水滴在織物上滑動角度數 ............. 103
圖4-22含脂肪族/聚矽氧烷混摻樹脂織物塗佈後之塗佈率及12-hydroxystearic acid(%) ...................................................................... 110
圖4-23含脂肪族/聚矽氧烷混摻樹脂織物塗佈後之塗佈率及接觸角 ................................................................................................................. 110
圖4-24含脂肪族/聚矽氧烷混摻樹脂織物塗佈後之塗佈率及滑動角 ................................................................................................................. 111
圖4-25含脂肪族/聚矽氧烷混摻樹脂織物塗佈後之塗佈率及潤濕時間 ................................................................................................................. 111
圖4-26綜合比較含脂肪族/聚矽氧烷混摻樹脂織物塗佈率及接觸角 ................................................................................................................. 113
圖4-27綜合比較脂肪族/聚矽氧烷混摻樹脂織物塗佈率及滑動角 .. 115
圖4-28綜合比較脂肪族/聚矽氧烷混摻樹脂織物塗佈率及潤濕時間 ................................................................................................................. 117
圖4-29水性混摻樹脂H-WPU:P-WPU:K-WPU=2:1:1織物塗佈率之實驗數據 ..................................................................................................... 120
圖4-30水性混摻樹脂H-WPU:P-WPU:K-WPU=2:1:1織物潤濕時間之實驗數據 ................................................................................................. 120
圖4-31水性混摻樹脂H-WPU:P-WPU:K-WPU=1:1:1織物塗佈率之實驗數據 ..................................................................................................... 121
X
圖4-32水性混摻樹脂H-WPU:P-WPU:K-WPU=1:1:1織物潤濕時間之實驗數據 ................................................................................................. 121
圖4-33水性混摻樹脂H-WPU:P-WPU:K-WPU=1:2:1織物塗佈率之實驗數據 ..................................................................................................... 122
圖4-34水性混摻樹脂H-WPU:P-WPU:K-WPU=1:2:1織物潤濕時間之實驗數據 ................................................................................................. 122
圖4-35水性混摻樹脂 H-WPU:P-WPU:K-WPU=2:1:1織物水的接觸角之實驗數據 ............................................................................................. 125
圖4-36水性混摻樹脂H-WPU:P-WPU:K-WPU=1:1:1織物水的接觸角之實驗數據 ............................................................................................. 126
圖4-37水性混摻樹脂H-WPU:P-WPU:K-WPU=1:2:1織物水的接觸角之實驗數據……………………………………………………………127
圖4-38水性混摻樹脂H-WPU:P-WPU:K-WPU=2:1:1織物水的滑動角之實驗數據 ............................................................................................. 128
圖4-39水性混摻樹脂H-WPU:P-WPU:K-WPU=1:1:1織物水的滑動角之實驗數據 ............................................................................................. 128
圖4-40水性混摻樹脂H-WPU:P-WPU:K-WPU=1:2:1織物水的滑動角之實驗數據 ............................................................................................. 130
圖4-41織物水洗50次之塗佈率及12-hydroxystearic acid(%) ......... 132
圖4-42織物水洗50次之塗佈率及接觸角 ......................................... 132
圖4-43織物水洗50次後織物塗佈率及滑動角 ................................. 133
圖4-44織物水洗50次後塗佈率及潤濕時間 ..................................... 133
圖4-45 A系列織物塗佈後之12-hydroxystearic acid(%) ................ 137
圖4-46 A系列織物塗佈後之接觸角 ................................................ 137
圖4-47 A系列織物塗佈後之滑動角 ................................................ 137
圖4-48 A系列物塗佈後之潤濕時間 ................................................ 137
圖4-49 B系列塗佈後之PDMS(%) .................................................. 139
圖4-50 B系列物塗佈後之接觸角 .................................................... 139
圖4-51 B系列物塗佈後之滑動角 .................................................... 139
圖4-52 B系列物塗佈後之潤濕時間 ................................................ 139
圖4-53 A系列織物塗佈率之實驗數據 ............................................ 142
圖4-54 A系列織物潤濕時間之實驗數據 ........................................ 142
圖4-55 B系列織物塗佈率之實驗數據 ............................................ 143
圖4-56 B系列織物潤濕時間之實驗數據 ........................................ 143
圖4-57 A系列織物水的接觸角之實驗數據 .................................... 143
圖4-58 B系列織物水的接觸角之實驗數據 .................................... 143
XI
圖4-59 A系列織物水的滑動角之實驗數據 .................................... 143
圖4-60 B系列織物水的滑動角之實驗數據 .................................... 143
圖4-61放大倍率:100倍,未塗佈之聚酯織物微結構 .................... 151
圖4-62放大倍率:1000倍,未塗佈之聚酯織物微結構 .................. 151
圖4-63放大倍率:100倍,塗佈後之聚酯織物微結構 .................... 152
圖4-64放大倍率:1000倍,塗佈後聚酯織物微結構 ...................... 152
圖4-65放大倍率:100倍,塗佈後經10次水洗後聚酯織物微結構 ................................................................................................................. 153
圖4-66 放大倍率:1000倍,塗佈後經10次水洗後聚酯織物微結構 ................................................................................................................. 153
圖4-67放大倍率:100倍,塗佈後經20次水洗後聚酯織物微結構 ................................................................................................................. 154
圖4-68 放大倍率:1000倍,塗佈後經20次水洗後聚酯織物微結構 ................................................................................................................. 154
圖4-69 放大倍率:100倍,塗佈後經30次水洗後聚酯織物微結構 ................................................................................................................. 155
圖4-70 放大倍率:1000倍,塗佈後經30次水洗後聚酯織物微結構 ................................................................................................................. 155
圖4-71 放大倍率:100倍,塗佈後經40次水洗後聚酯織物微結構 ................................................................................................................. 156
圖4-72 放大倍率:1000倍,塗佈後經40次水洗後聚酯織物微結構 ................................................................................................................. 156
圖4-73 放大倍率:100倍,塗佈後經50次水洗後聚酯織物微結構 ................................................................................................................. 157
圖4-74 放大倍率:1000倍,塗佈後經50次水洗後聚酯織物微結構 ................................................................................................................. 157
圖4-75 未塗佈前之聚酯織物微結構表面EDS圖 ............................ 158
圖4-76 塗佈後之聚酯織物微結構表面EDS圖 ................................ 159
圖4-77 塗佈後之10次水洗聚酯織物微結構表面EDS圖 .............. 160
圖4-78 塗佈後之20次水洗聚酯織物微結構表面EDS圖 .............. 161
圖4-79 塗佈後之30次水洗聚酯織物微結構表面EDS圖 .............. 162
圖4-80 塗佈後之40次水洗聚酯織物微結構表面EDS圖 .............. 163
圖4-81 塗佈後之50次水洗聚酯織物微結構表面EDS圖 .............. 164
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