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系統識別號 U0002-0906200710203300
中文論文名稱 利用低成本數位電視天線以製作汽車無線電傳輸天線之設計
英文論文名稱 Design of Mobile Radio Transceiver Antenna by Utilizing Low-cost Digital TV Antenna
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 電機工程學系碩士在職專班
系所名稱(英) Department of Electrical Engineering
學年度 95
學期 2
出版年 96
研究生中文姓名 施永恭
研究生英文姓名 Yung-Kung Shih
學號 793350033
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
口試日期 2007-05-21
論文頁數 42頁
口試委員 指導教授-詹益光
委員-陳德勝
委員-詹益光
委員-李揚漢
中文關鍵字 行動蒐證  無線電傳收機  數位電視天線  鞭形天線  螺旋天線  微帶天線  電壓駐波比 
英文關鍵字 Mobile Evidence Searching  Mobile Radio Transceiver  Digital Television Antenna  Whip Antenna  Helical Antenna  Patch Antenna  Voltage Standing Wave Ratio 
學科別分類 學科別應用科學電機及電子
中文摘要 對於身為司法警察的執法人員,於偵查犯罪行為時,為達成蒐集犯罪證據之任務,均會靈活運用通訊器材以達成任務工作,在行動蒐證過程中,會利用偵防車輛對犯罪嫌疑人進行跟監,以有效掌控犯罪嫌疑人之行蹤,完成犯罪蒐證之任務。當執法人員進行跟監時,為避免被跟監對象察覺而暴露身分,有必要將偵防車輛之汽車無線電傳收機(Mobile Radio Transceiver)天線加以偽裝及多元化,以順利達成工作任務。 為達成研製發展偵防車輛之汽車無線電傳收機天線偽裝及多元化之目標,個人覺得目前市面上有大部分之自用小客車安裝數位電視天線,未來應會更加普遍及全面性,已是趨勢所在,此一購想燃起個人之研究動機,本論文之主題就是利用低成本之數位電視天線,設計成汽車無線電傳收機傳輸之天線,其研究目的在於改變傳統無線電傳收機所普遍使用之鞭形天線(whip antenna),達成汽車無線電傳收機傳輸天線偽裝及多元化之設計目標。汽車無線電傳收機所使用之傳輸天線,除了要達成偽裝及多元化之目標外,傳輸天線之小型化亦是本論文所考量之設計方向,在論文中所提及之微帶天線便能達到天線小型化的目標。本篇論文中所設計之兩款天線,均依上列所提之目標為設計之準則,個人利用低成本數位電視天線及自行模擬之微帶天線,輔以網路分析儀作為天線之量測器材,經過多次不斷測試與實驗,將天線修正及改製成汽車無線電傳收機所能使用之傳輸天線,其中一款型式為螺旋天線(helical antenna),另一款為微帶天線(patch antenna),所研究模擬天線之規格界定如下:1、兼具發射與接收功能2、頻率範圍為171MHz-173MHz3、天線駐波比(SWR)<1.5,以上兩款模擬設計之天線經網路分析儀量測後,均能符合原先所要規劃設計之天線規格,其中所設計利用低成本數位電視天線作成之螺旋天線,模擬初步之雛型後,實際安裝於汽車無線電傳收機上,充當傳輸之天線使用,試用情形良好,並已成功量產且實際運用於行動蒐證工作,執行成效卓著。
英文摘要 As a member of the laws enforcement personnel, one needs to progressively and actively exploit communication apparatus to collect evidence to accomplish his mission during his investigation of criminal activities. In the process of evidence searching and collecting it sometimes needs to use surveillance vehicle to track and monitor the suspect so as to effectively track the suspect’s activity to accomplish his task. In order to hide and not to expose the laws enforcement personnel’s identity when he is in the pursuing and monitoring the suspect, he needs to camouflage and diversify the antennas of the Mobile Radio Transceiver equipped in his surveillance vehicle to vigorously accomplish his task.

In the course of developing and designing a diversified antenna of the Mobile Radio Transceiver the author realizes that it becomes popular and having as a trend that people starts installing digital television antenna in his vehicle so that he can enjoy the entertainments when he is traveling. The thought comes to author’s mind of installing antennas, alike the digital television antenna, for Mobile Radio Transceiver in the surveillance vehicle so that it will be easily hide and falsify the identity of the surveillance vehicle. The main task of this thesis is to design and develop transmission antennas for the Mobile Radio Transceiver by utilizing the available low cost digital television antenna. And furthermore it is the main purpose of this thesis to modify the whip antenna that is used in the conventional Mobile Radio Transceiver to accomplish the design task of camouflaging and diversifying the transmission antennas of the Mobile Radio Transceiver. In addition to camouflage and diversify the transmission antennas, how to miniaturize the antennas is also the design’s goal considered. We accomplish this miniaturization task by using patch antenna in our design.
We design and demonstrate two kinds of antennas, helical and patch, in the thesis and we adopt all the tasks mentioned in the above as our design criterion. We fabricate the transmission antennas of the Mobile Radio Transceiver by modifying and retuning the low cost digital television antenna and by associating it with our developed patch antenna. We use network analyzer to measure and experiment the performance of the designed antenna during the design evolution. The considered main specifications for the transmission antennas are summarized as in the following,
1. It possesses both the transmitting and receiving capabilities.
2. It operates in the frequency range of 171 – 173 MHz.
3. The voltage standing wave ratio is limited to 1.5
Through various measurements by utilizing network analyzer the performances of both designed antennas all meet the specified specifications. Furthermore by installing the helical antennas on the surveillance vehicles they all show satisfactory performance in the field tests. It has been mass produced and installed in the surveillance vehicles to actually perform the task of investigating and collecting evidence information they all achieve outstanding performances.
論文目次 第一章緒論 1
1.1前言 1
1.2研究動機和背景 2
1.3研究方法與目的 2
第二章 汽車用無線電傳收機天線之介紹 3
2.1天線基本概念及原理 3
2.1.1概說 3
2.1.2基本原理 5
2.2汽車無線電傳收機天線介紹 7
2.2.1汽車無線電傳收機天線安裝之類型 7
2.2.2天線特性測試 8
2.2.3 鞭形天線 9
第三章 螺旋天線之介紹 10
3.1螺旋天線 10
3.2螺旋天線之構造 10
3.3螺旋天線之特性 11
3.3.1正交輻射型態 13
3.3.2軸向輻射型態 13
3.3.3兩種型態之差異 14
3.4實測天線之量測結果 15
3.4.1天線模擬設計之流程 15
3.4.2汽車專用數位電視天線之介紹 17
3.4.3數位電視天線與汽車無線電傳收機天線之比較 18
3.4.4低成本數位電視天線之實驗結果 19
第四章 微帶天線之介紹 27
4.1 微帶天線 27
4.2變頻微帶天線 28
4.2.1變頻微帶天線的結構 28
4.2.2變頻微帶天線的分析 28
4.3微帶天線之設計 30
4.4 微帶天線之優點 31
4.5 微帶天線之缺點 32
4.6 微帶天線之頻帶寬 32
4.7 微帶天線之效率 32
4.8 曲折型天線 33
4.8 微帶天線與曲折型天線混合型之實測及分析 35
第五章 結論與未來展望 40
5.1結論 40
5.2未來展望 41
參考文獻 42

圖目錄
Figure 2.1 汽車無線電傳收機天線安裝之類型 7
Figure 2.2 鞭形天線概略圖 9
Figure3.1 螺旋天線之尺寸與組態 11
Figure3.2天線模擬設計之流程圖 16
Figure3.3數位電視天線 17
Figure3.4 鞭形天線與數位電視天線之比較 19
Figure3.5實測天線之長度 20
Figure3.6實測天線之內觀 21
Figure3.7實測天線之外觀 21
Figure3.8 Agilent E5061A RF網路分析儀 23
Figure3.9 實測天線之Log Mag 24
Figure3.10實測天線之SWR 24
Figure3.11實測天線之Smith 25
Figure3.12實測之天線安裝於汽車無線電傳收機之實體圖 26
Figure4.1 微機電技術之變頻微帶天線結構 30
Figure4.2 單極天線 34
Figure4.3 曲折型天線 34
Figure4.4 實測天線之Log Mag 38
Figure4.5 實測天線之SWR 39


參考文獻 [1].白光弘編著:天線原理及應用(上冊),明文書局1999,頁4-4至4-7,頁13-1至13-7。
[2].黃胤年編著:電波傳播與天線,五南出版社,2003,頁332~334。
[3].應用天線設計概念分析EMC問題,勢流科技股份有限公司 。
[4].YAHOO奇摩購物中心、數位電視天線。
[5].黃榮堂 林忠助 張錕能 蘇金練,“微機電技術製作變頻微帶天線”,國立台北科技大學機電整合研究所 。
[6].WARREN L. STUTZMAN GARY A.THIELE, Antenna Theory And Design, Second Edition, 1998, pp.210-P216.
[7].詹益光 施永恭,“利用數位電視天線充當汽車無線電車載機天線之研究”2006年鑑識科學研討會,中央警察大學,Nov.10, 2006。
[8].王健仁 徐德福,“曲折型天線與螺線槽孔天線之探討”,逢甲大學電機工程學系碩士論文
[9].John D. Kraus and Ronald J Marhefka, Antennas For All Applications ,Third Edition,McGraw-Hill,New York,2002, pp.222-246.
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