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中文論文名稱 《天才雷普利》和《火車怪客》中的詭奇分身
英文論文名稱 The Uncanny Double in The Talented Mr. Ripley and Strangers on a Train
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 英文學系碩士班
系所名稱(英) Department of English
學年度 97
學期 1
出版年 98
研究生中文姓名 顏慧儀
研究生英文姓名 Hui-yi Yen
學號 695110311
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
口試日期 2009-01-09
論文頁數 112頁
口試委員 指導教授-黃涵榆
委員-蔡振興
委員-陳音頤
中文關鍵字 詭奇  分身  母性超我  幻界 
英文關鍵字 the uncanny  the double  maternal superego  fantasy 
學科別分類 學科別人文學語言文學
中文摘要 本論文以精神分析理論探討派翠西亞.海史密斯的著作,《天才雷普利》和《火車怪客》中有關分身與認同的議題,以闡明人類不斷追求相似分身與認同的傾向。第一章將佛洛伊德有關詭奇與分身的闡述應用於海史密斯的小說中。首先說明佛洛伊德對分身與詭奇之間的理論關係,再說明小說中雷普利與狄奇,布魯諾與蓋伊之間分身的關係。第二章探討小說中主要角色的主體構成以及他們與「母性超我」之間的關係。主要角色皆受到紀傑克所言的「母性超我」的影響;「母性超我」即指在主體意識中父親功能失效,而為母親功能所完全統御,導致主體無法與異性建立正常關係。第三章呈現雷普利、布魯諾和蓋伊的「幻界」。「幻界」並不是由主體建構出來,以逃避現實的殘酷;相反地,「幻界」就是現實。雷普利的「幻界」是希望能擁有與狄奇一樣的生活模式、社會地位和財富。布魯諾想要的是與蓋伊一樣的普通中產階級生活:有成功事業,在郊區有棟房子,還有美麗溫馴的妻子。蓋伊的「幻界」是,若能逃離他的前妻,他就能逃離過去的失敗與較低階層的出身背景。分身意指認同,而「母性超我」和「幻界」包含想要回復到過去完整性與追求一個統合世界的慾望。這三者都與想要轉換另一個身份,並在象徵秩序中找尋一個位置有關。我們可以在海史密斯的小說中看到主要角色皆表現出相似傾向。他們渴望找到一個對象去認同;在他們的「幻界」中,若能在象徵秩序中找到一個地位,他們就可以不必再詢問自己關於存在的問題,也可依象徵秩序所賦予他們的身份來統合一個完整個世界。
英文摘要 The thesis attempts to analyze issues of double and identity in Patricia Highsmith’s novels, The Talented Mr. Ripley and Strangers on a Train, through the psychoanalytic approach, to explore people’s propensity of searching the double and identification repeatedly. Chapter One applies Freud’s theory of uncanniness to Highsmith’s novels. I take Freud’s definition of the double and how its connection with the feeling of uncanniness to explain the doubling connection between Ripley and Dickie, as well as Bruno and Guy. Chapter Two explores the construction of protagonists’ subjectivity and how they are dominated by the “maternal superego.” All three major protagonists are influenced by what Žižek calls the “maternal superego,” which designates the absence of father image and the predominance of mother figure, then resulting in the prohibition of “normal” sexual relation. Chapter Three presents Ripley, Guy and Bruno’s fantasies. Fantasy is not the construction created by the subject into that it escapes for avoiding from the cruelty in the reality; on the contrary, fantasy “is” the reality. Ripley’s fantasy is Dickie’s casual life style, wealth and upper class attitude. In Bruno’s condition, he imagines living as Guy, an ordinary, middle-class man with successful business, a fine suburb house and a beautiful wife. On the other hand, Guy’s fantasy is similar to Bruno’s: getting rid of his vulgar wife means getting rid of his past failure in the small town. The double sometimes designates to identification, and the maternal superego and fantasy contain the desire of regaining wholeness and constituting a coherent world. All three issues pertain to the aspiration of becoming another person and finding a position in the community. In Highsmith’s writings, we can perceive such tendency in characters’ behaviors. They attempt desperately to identify with others; and in their fantasies, if they can occupy a proper position in the symbolic order, their existence of being wouldn’t be in question and also they can organize their world according to that identity given by the symbolic order.
論文目次 Introduction-----------------------------------------------------------------------1
Chapter 1 There is Only One Who Can Survive-------------------------13
Tom Ripley and Dickie Greenleaf: There is the Bond between Us------------17
Guy Haines and Anthony Bruno: Good and Evil Live Side by Side----------28
Chapter 2 The Maternal Thing----------------------------------------------43
Fluid Identity and Sexual Inclination-----------------------------------------------50
Not Just a Mama’s Boy----------------------------------------------------------------58
Incapable Mother and Demanding Wife-------------------------------------------66
Chapter 3 There is Nothing beyond the Fantasy-------------------------73
Alone in the Fantasy--------------------------------------------------------------------79
Transgressing the Boundary for Consolidating the Fantasy-------------------86
Nothingness beyond the Fantasy-----------------------------------------------------92
Conclusion----------------------------------------------------------------------104
Works Cited-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------109





參考文獻 Works Cited

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Cassuto, Leonard. “Reality Catches Up to Highsmith’s Hard-Boiled Fiction.” Chronicle of Higher Education 50.24(2004): B12.
Corber, Robert J. “Hitchcock’s Washington: Spectatorship, Ideology, and the ‘Homosexual Menace’ in Strangers on a Train.” Hitchcock’s America. Ed. Jonathan Freedman and Richard Millington. New York: Oxford UP, 1999. 99-121.
Dolar, Mladen. “’I Shall be with You on Your Wedding Night’: Lacan and the Uncanny.” October 58 (1991): 5-23.
Elliot, Anthony, and Stephen Frosh, eds. Psychoanalysis in Context. London: Routledge, 1995.
Feldstein, Richard, et al., eds. Reading Seminar ⅩⅠ. Alnaby: State U of New York P, 1995.
Fink, Bruce. Lacan to the Letter. Minneapolis: U of Minnesota P, 2004.
Freud, Sigmund. ”Fetishism.” The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud. Volume 24(1920-1922). Trans. James Strachey. London: Hogarth P, 1955.
----. The Interpretation of Dreams. The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud. Volume 5(1920-1922). Trans. James Strachy. London: The Hogarth P, 1955.
----. “On Narcissism.” Sigmund Freud. Collected Papers. Edt. Ernest Jones. Trans. Joan Riviere. New York: Basic Books, 1959.
----. Beyond the Pleasure Principle. The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud, Volume 18(1920-1922). Trans. James Strachy. London: The Hogarth P, 1955.
----. “Psycho-analytic Notes upon an Autobiographical Account.” The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud. Volume 12(1920-1922). Trans. James Stracgey. London: Hogarth P, 1955.
----. “The Uncanny.” Writings on Art and Literature. Stanford: Stanford UP, 1997.
Gallop, Jane. Reading Lacan. New York: Cornell UP, 1985.
Highsmith, Patricia. Strangers on a Train. New York: W.W. Norton and Company, 1993.
----. The Talented Mr. Ripley. New York: Vintage Books, 1995.
Hilfer, Anthony Channell. “’Not Really Such a Monster’: Hightsmith’s Ripley as Thriller Protagonist and Protean Man.” Midwest Quarterly 25.4(1984): 361-74.
Kristeva, Julia. “Motherhood According to Giovanni Bellini.” Desire in Language: A Semiotic Approach to Literature and Art. Ed. Leon Roudiez. New York: Columbia UP, 1980. 237-70.
Labriola, Patrick. “Edgar Allan Poe and E. T. A. Hoffman: The Double in “William Wilson” and The Devil’s Elixirs.” International Fiction Review 29.1-2(2002): 69-77.
Lacan, Jaques.
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