淡江大學覺生紀念圖書館 (TKU Library)

系統識別號 U0002-0901202013174100
中文論文名稱 關於布基納法索經濟增長減輕貧困的程度和影響的調查
英文論文名稱 Assessment into the Extent and the Impact of constraints of Economic Growth in Reducing Poverty and inequalities in Burkina Faso
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 經營管理全英語碩士學位學程
系所名稱(英) Master's Program in Business and Management (English-Taught Program)
學年度 108
學期 1
出版年 109
研究生中文姓名 巴格元
學號 607585063
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
口試日期 2019-12-16
論文頁數 43頁
口試委員 指導教授-李旭華 博士
委員-楊斯琴 博士
委員-陳瑞陽 博士
中文關鍵字 貧窮  不平等  可持續性  優先事項  布吉納法索 
英文關鍵字 Poverty  Inequality  Sustainability  Priorities  Burkina Faso 
中文摘要 過去的許多研究表明,經濟增長是最強勁的發展中國家減少貧困和改善生活質量的工具。在過去的十年中,布基納法索一直保持堅挺宏觀經濟表現,年均GDP增長率約為6%。 但是,該國未能實現重大的結構性經濟,減少極端貧困和不平等現象的轉型,大約有80%從事低薪農業工作的勞動力百分比。經濟多元化程度仍然很低,難以獲得資金和人力資源和基礎設施不足。原因是這種良好的性能沒有得到足以有效地改變布基納法索。因此,試圖解決這個問題,這項研究強調了布基納法索阻礙該國走上更高和持續的經濟增長,通過採用Hausmann提出的決策樹方法,Rodrik和Velasco(2005)進行生長診斷。兩種經濟學理論符合佈基納法索情況的發展,已經被用來製定情境並開發一種方法來識別潛在的關鍵,基於布基納法索經濟表現的特定背景的限制。第一個理論與創造足夠數量的生產性工作有關通過經濟的結構轉型,第二個與提供基本服務和基礎設施的最低限度服務,家庭擺脫貧困陷阱。本文最後提出了一套最有可能使布基納法索能夠促進實現其減少貧困和不平等的目標。
英文摘要 Many studies in the past show that economic growth is the most robust instrument for reducing poverty and improving the quality of life in developing countries. Over the past decade, Burkina Faso has maintained consistently strong macroeconomic performance, with an average annual rate of GDP growth of about 6 percent. However, the country has failed to achieve a significant structural economic transformation to reduce extreme poverty and inequalities, with approximately 80 percent of the labor force employed in low paid agricultural jobs. The level of economic diversification remains low, with weak access to capital and low human capital and infrastructure. A reason is that this good performance has not been sufficient to effectively transform Burkina Faso. Therefore, in an attempt to address this problem, this study highlights the various binding constraints of Burkina Faso’s economic growth that prevent the country from embarking on a higher and sustained growth path, by adopting the decision-tree methodology proposed by Hausmann, Rodrik, and Velasco (2005) in their growth diagnostic. Two theories of economic development that fit well the case of Burkina Faso, have been used to formulate hypotheses (situations) and to develop an approach to identify the key underlying constraints based on the specific context of Burkina Faso’s economic performance. The first theory is related to the creation of a sufficient number of productive jobs through the structural transformation of the economy, and the second one is related to the provision of a minimum package of basic services and infrastructure to enable households to escape the poverty trap. This paper ended up by formulating a set of key priorities that are the most likely to enable Burkina Faso to facilitate the achievement of its goals of reducing poverty and inequalities.
Chinese Abstract I
English Abstract II
Acknowledgement IV
Table of Contents V
List of Figures VII
List of Tables VIII

Chapter I. Introduction 1
1.1 Analysis Background 1
1.2 Problem Statements 3
1.3 Objectives of Study 4
1.4 Structure of the Research 4

Chapter II. Literature Review 5
2.1 Concepts of Poverty and Inequality 5
2.1.1 Definitions of Poverty 5
2.1.2 Definitions of Inequality 7
2.2 Context 8
2.3 Identification of Constraints 10
2.4 Decision-Tree Model 13
2.4.1 Definition of Decision-tree 13
2.4.2 Decision making process 13
2.4.3 Representation of Decision Tree 14
Chapter III. Methodology 15
3.1 Research Framework 15
3.2 Research hypotheses 17

Chapter IV. Analysis 18
4.1 The limited creation of productive jobs 18
4.1.1 Weak agriculture performance 18
4.1.2 Lack of dynamism of the non-private sector 22
4.2 Limited access to services and infrastructure 25
4.2.1Weak delivery of social services 25
4.2.2 Unequal provision of infrastructure 28
4.3 Measures 30

Chapter V. Conclusion and Recommendations 37
References 40


Figure 1. Research Framework 16
Figure 2. Rural Households remain isolated even in comparison of other African countries 21
Figure 3. Public expenditures in education 27
Figure 4. The allocation of education expenditures per level 27
Figure 5. Sizeable Doing Business gaps remain 29


Table 1. Summary of the biggest natural disasters in Burkina Faso 1969–2013 20
Table 2. Burkina Faso underperforms for justice and security 32

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