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中文論文名稱 語言分佈微觀:台語方言地理研究
英文論文名稱 The Microscopic View of Language Distribution: Dialect Geographical Studies in Taiwanese
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 英文學系博士班
系所名稱(英) Department of English
學年度 99
學期 1
出版年 100
研究生中文姓名 葉尚芳
研究生英文姓名 Ivy Shang-fang Yeh
學號 895110210
學位類別 博士
語文別 英文
口試日期 2010-12-01
論文頁數 175頁
口試委員 指導教授-卜溫仁
委員-史文生
委員-杜德倫
委員-王藹玲
委員-洪媽益
中文關鍵字 台灣閩南語  去塞擦音  掃帚(詞彙研究)  媽祖  阿爾奈-湯普森分類法 
英文關鍵字 Taiwan Southern Min  de-affrication  broom (word study)  Mazu  Aarne-Thompson-Uther classification 
學科別分類
中文摘要 本論文是根據428位田野訪談做成,和閩南語詞彙與民間故事有關。所有的閩南語語料都被轉寫為教會羅馬拼音和國際音標。每位發音人的七個背景因素皆納入研究考量,包括年齡、性別、教育程度、職業、種族、語言背景、和遷移史。本論文分成三部份:(一)、台灣西南部的語音變異研究 (二)、閩南語和客語地區的詞彙分佈研究 (三)、民間故事類型分析。這樣的研究組合和語言學傳統研究一致。
第一部份是分析台南縣某些發音人的去塞擦音之現象,語料來自161位訪談。有此現象的發音人多為年長且教育程度較低的男性,他們偶爾會把塞擦音發為齒擦音。例如,有些發音人把手[t˛Hiu9i]念為[˛iu9i]。
第二部份是「掃帚」的閩南語和客語的方言地理研究,語料來自
250 位訪談,發音人多半來自雲林縣、嘉義縣、台南縣。「掃帚」主要有七種發音:sàu-chíu, sàu-chhíu, chhàu-síu, chhàu-chíu, thàu-chíu(第二型的去塞擦音), chràu-chhíu (過度國語化), sàu-síu (第一型的去塞擦音)。
第三部份是分析媽祖的故事情節和定義其故事類型,語料來自14
位發音人的口述故事和其他多種書面版本。根據阿爾奈-湯普森分類
法,媽祖的故事可被歸類為第705 和513 型,並符合湯普森的八個主題。這對台灣故事類型索引是一大貢獻。
英文摘要 The dissertation is based on 428 fieldwork interviews and is concerned with Taiwan Southern Min lexicon and narrative. All Southern Min data has been transcribed in Church Romanization and the International Phonetic Alphabet. An informant background database was queried for seven factors (age, sex, education, occupation, ethnic identity, language background, and residential history). The work is divided into three separate parts, i.e. a study of phonetic variation in southwest Táiwān, a lexical distribution study for select Southern Min and Hakka zones, and a classification and analysis of a popular cycle of folktales. This combination of research interests is in line with the philological tradition.
The first part is an analysis of de-affrication among some Southern Mǐn speakers in Táinán County; data from 161 interviews were extracted in this case. The phenomenon involves informants who are male, elderly, and of limited education, who sporadically produce sibilants where affricates would have been expected. For example, 手 (Mandarin shǒu ‘hand’) is usually pronounced in the area concerned as [t˛Hiu9i], but some informants respond with [˛iu9i].
The second part is a dialect geographical study of Southern Min and Hakka expressions for ‘broom’, based on more than 250 interviews mostly from Yúnlín, Jiāyì, and Táinán counties. The common TSM ‘broom’ word has seven variants in the tri-county area: sàu-chíu, sàu-chhíu, chhàu-síu, chhàu-chíu, thàu-chíu (type-2 de-affrication), chràu-chhíu (hypermandarinism), sàu-síu (type-1 de-affrication).
The third part of the dissertation is an attempt to identify the tale types and their motifs for the Māzǔ cycle of narratives on the island; 14 informant narratives are supplemented by various literary versions. Most of the narratives can be designated as a combination of tale types 705 and 513 within the Aarne-Thompson-Uther
classification system for folktales; eight of Thompson’s motifs seem to fit the Māzǔ cycle. These assignments are an important contribution to a specifically Taiwan tale
type index.
論文目次 Part I: Beyond Guānmiào 1
§1. Introduction. 2
§2. Seven background factors 4
§2.1. Age 4
§2.2. Education 5
§2.3. Language background 6
§2.4. Gender 6
§2.5. Occupation 7
§2.6. Ethnic zone 8
§2.7. Geography & residential history 9
§3. Five items showing de-affrication 9
§3.1. Responses to item 188 ‘tree’ {102} 10
§3.2. Responses to item 146 ‘broom’ {93} 11
§3.3. Responses to item 132 ‘flashlight’ {153} 12
§3.4. Responses to item 068 ‘elbow’ {72} 15
§3.5 Responses to item 024 ‘water buffalo’ {116} 21
§4. Summary: Variable rates of de-affrication 22
§5. Causation 23
§5.1. Internal development 23
§5.1.1. Spontaneous phonetic change 24
§5.1.2. Diffusion of literary initials to colloquial initials 25
§5.2. External influence 25
§6. Conclusion 25
§7. Checklists 27
§7.1. Tree raw data checklist 27
§7.2. Broom raw data checklist 32
§7.3. Flashlight raw data checklist 37
§7.4. Elbow raw data checklist 43
§7.5. Water buffalo raw data checklist 48
Part II: Mapping Taiwanese 'broom' 55
§8. Introduction 56
§9. Taiwanese & Hakka 'broom' 57
§10. TSM 'broom' words 57
§11. λ1a Sàu-chíu {93} 58
§12. λ1b Sàu-chhíu {64} 59
§13. λ1c Chhàu-síu {10} 61
§14. λ1g Sàu-síu {92} 61
§15. λ1d Chhàu-chíu {1}, λ1e Thàu-chíu {1}, λ1f Chràu-chhíu {1}, and Mandarin λ3a Sàobǎ {2} 62
§16. λ2 Sàu-se {4} 63
§17. Hakka λ3b Sàu-pá {29} 64
§18. Checklist 66
§18.1. Broom raw data checklist 66
§18.2. Informant background factors for parts I & II 81
§18.3. Informant residential history and map locator for parts I & II 88
Part III: Folktale: Māzǔ 98
§19. Introduction 99
§20. Primary data 99
§20.1. Southern Min texts of Mazu 99
§20.1.1. Mz01 99
§20.1.2. Mz02 103
§20.1.3. Mz03 104
§20.1.4. Mz04 108
§20.1.5. Mz05 111
§20.1.6. Mz06 114
§20.1.7. Mz07 115
§20.1.8. Mz08 118
§20.1.9. Mz09 120
§20.1.10. Mz10 123
§20.1.11. Mz11 128
§20.1.12. Mz12 132
§20.1.13. Mz13 134
§20.1.14. Mz14 137
§21. Secondary sources 140
§22. Pragmatic factors 141
§22.1. Informant background 141
§23. The Finnish method in Taiwan 142
§23.1. Mazu’s name 143
§23.2. Mazu’s birthday 143
§23.3. Mazu’s birth place 143
§23.4. Mazu’s parents 143
§23.5. Number of Mazu’s siblings 144
§23.6. Before Mazu was born 144
§23.7. When Mazu was born 144
§23.8. Mazu’s parents’ attitude when they first saw the baby Mazu 145
§23.9. When Mazu was a child 145
§23.10. When Mazu was a teenager 146
§23.11. When Mazu was alive, she overcame challenges 148
§23.12. Mazu’s love affairs 149
§23.13. Mazu’s marital status 149
§23.14. Religious sects laying claim to Mazu 149
§23.15. Mazu’s age at death and date of death 149
§23.16. How Mazu died 150
§23.17. When Mazu died 151
§23.18. Mazu’s miracles 151
§23.19. How Xuántōng Taoist priest (玄通道士) treated Mazu 156
§23.20. The relationship between Mazu and Bǎoshēng Dàdì (保生大帝) 156
§23.21. The relationship between Mazu and Guānyīn (觀音) 157
§23.22. Mazu statues’ colors 157
§24. Assigning the tale-type code 158
§24.1. Principal motifs 158
§25. Composite version 159
References 162
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