||Derrida took différance, which means the extension and variation of meanings, as the feature of writing. All things could be regarded as a text, including space. Space takes senses such as vision, the tactile sense, and hearing as the communication method. Then, how could space and architecture be considered as the media of communication with users via the symbols with principle of arbitrariness in the language world?
Since space has different meanings for each person, the right of various interpretations for users needs to be considered in the beginning of design. Under the open conditions of permitted respective interpretation, how could we conduct the design strategies of transmitting and inducing the real meanings into the space?
This research takes the meaning of space as the opening, further discusses the operation of symbols, and discusses the possibility of “zero degree of design” at last. Besides looking on the différance of space as the discussed issue, this research tries to apply different design methods for the design of spaces, which means that différance and open texts could be the operation method for producing space design. This research separately discusses the meaning of space, symbols, and the design degree zero with three stages, which are as follows:
1. How did the meaning of space come into existence?
The Barcelona Pavilion designed by Mies Van Der Rohe is taken as the experimental design object to discuss how the different meaning of space came into existence as the perturbation of certain element in the space happened.
2. The interaction between symbols and space.
Combining the symbol system of Tamkang University and the Department of Architecture, the spaces and symbols of these two places will be integrated and the ideas for the designs. Consequently, the results of reconstruction and deconstruction will be discussed.
3. Open interpretations for the meaning of space.
Conducting a series of design operations, which are respectively reappearance, deconstruction, image, and degree zero, of churches with obvious symbol features as the four-stage discussion on design operation of space symbols.
This design research regards différance as the opening of design ideas, and design degree zero as the design strategy of meanings for open and extension space at the end. The research progress from symbol to zero degree is to understand that how designers control the complicated and incompatible language world and how the meaning of space came into existence.