||China-U.S. Environmental Interactions - Beyond Expectations
||Graduate Institute of International Affairs and Strategic Studies
||Eli Y. Huang
然而中美環保合作並非近期才開始。早在建立正式外交關係之前，兩國就已展開能源方面的交流。因此，本文大致從兩國1979年建交開始，以文獻分析法檢視雙方中央政府 – 兩國元首及環保機構 – 近三十年來的互動，試圖分析中美環保合作背後對兩國、區域甚至國際的政治、戰略、經濟意義。
||As the importance of environmental issue grows, cooperation in this field has become one of the main content among China-U.S. collaborations. This trend can be found from China-U.S. Strategic & Economic Dialogue (S&ED) in 2008, which discussed bilateral cooperation on clean energy, clean water, and clean air for the next ten years.
But China-U.S. environmental cooperation not just began in recent years. In fact, the two countries have started energy exchanges before establishing diplomatic relations. Therefore, this research will adopt documentary analysis to examine environmental cooperation between China and the U.S. from 1979 to 2009, and will try to analyze the strategic, political and economic implications of the two sides’ interactions.
Based on the descriptions and analysis of PRC-U.S. environmental dynamics in previous chapters, four observations follows. First, despite the U.S.’s passive attitude on international environmental issues in general, Washington proactively engaged Beijing on environmental issues from the very beginning to this day. Second, reducing bilateral conflicts on environmental issues has stabilized the bilateral environmental cooperations, and can help to mitigate other forms of potential bilateral conflicts in the future. Third, in contrast to prevailing perceptions, China-U.S. environmental cooperations have progressed both in rhetoric and implementations. Fourth, distinct from the importance of non-state actors in enhancing international environmental cooperations, the governments of China and the United States have played a leading role in promoting bilateral environmental cooperations.
In respond to the above situation, strengthening environmental protection and green energy innovation is an important way to maintain Taiwan’s influence on the world stage and improve domestic economic and social development. Taiwan, a country which highly depend on external energy supply, should pay highly attention to this field.
I. Introduction …………………………………………………………………1
A. Research Motivation
B. Literature Review
C. Research Purposes
D. Research Approaches and Methods
E. Scope and Limits
F. Chapters Arrangement
II. China and U.S. Environmental Policy……………………………………9
A. China Environmental Policy
1. Environmental Hazards: Imperatives
B. U.S. Environmental Policy
1. Environmental Problems: Experiences
C. Parallel Routes
1. Sharing Experience
2. Common Interests
III. PRC-U.S. Environmental Interactions 1979 – 2009…………………..37
A. Prevailing Expectations
1. Rhetoric Cooperations
2. Potential Contradiction
B. China and the U.S. Environmental Diplomacy
1. PRC Environmental Diplomacy
2. U.S. Environmental Diplomacy
C. Environmental Interactions between 1979-1989
1. Emergence: before 1979
2. Framework Establishment
D. Environmental Interactions between 1989-1999
3. Joint Offices
E. Environmental Interactions between 1999-2009
1. Regularization of Dialogues
2. Bilateral to Multilateral
3. Form to Implementation
1. China: Improving Environmental Legislation
2. U.S.: Maintaining Influence in China
3. Increasing Mutual Trust
1. China: Creating Innovation Industry
2. U.S.: Maintaining its Market in China for the Green Energy Industry
1. China: Improving its Environmental Image
2. U.S.: Expanding Exchanges
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