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中文論文名稱 大學生口說焦慮與同儕壓力之研究
英文論文名稱 An Investigation of College Students’ Speaking Anxiety and Peer Pressure
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 英文學系碩士班
系所名稱(英) Department of English
學年度 102
學期 2
出版年 103
研究生中文姓名 陳佳成
研究生英文姓名 Chia-Cheng Chen
電子信箱 600110646@s00.tku.edu.tw
學號 600110646
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
口試日期 2014-05-16
論文頁數 95頁
口試委員 指導教授-王藹玲
委員-林怡弟
委員-黃淑宜
中文關鍵字 口說焦慮  同儕壓力 
英文關鍵字 Speaking Anxiety  Peer pressure 
學科別分類 學科別人文學語言文學
中文摘要 成人學習者的口說焦慮程度和擔憂被他人評斷會影響他們的口說表現的這個議題越來越被處在EFL領域的研究者所關注。然而討論學習者的口說焦慮和同儕壓力之間關聯性的研究尚為不足。因此,本研究的目的在於探討同儕壓力影響口說焦慮的程度。本篇的研究方法為包含了口說焦慮和同儕壓力量表的一份問卷。在分析所蒐集到的資料後,將受測者依據口說焦慮程度高、中、低來挑選出六位,進而進行一對一的半結構式訪談。研究結果顯示受測者的口說焦慮程度和本身的個性及過去學英文的經驗有關。同時,受測者的同儕壓力程度會因彼此的熟識度提升而降低。此外,學生在低壓力的英語學習環境下也比較願意說英文。總結而言,研究者建議英語教師能夠先從降低學生的口說焦慮著手,進而讓同儕壓力對英文口說的影響程度降至最低。
英文摘要 Researchers of the EFL field had increasingly paid attention to the adult learners’ speaking anxiety and the fears of being judged by others would affect their oral performance. However, research which had empirically documented the link between learners’ speaking anxiety and pressure from peers is lack of adequate discovery. Therefore, the aim of this study was to explore to what extent peer pressure affects speaking anxiety. This research used a questionnaire, whose questions included speaking anxiety and peer pressure scales. After analyzing the data collected from the questionnaire, six participants who had high, middle, and low level of speaking anxiety were chosen to take part in one-on-one semi-structured interviews. Results of this study showed that participants’ level of speaking anxiety is related to their personalities and previous English learning experience. Meanwhile, the participants’ levels of peer pressure would reduce as familiarity between each other increasingly rising. Moreover, students were more likely to speak out in English under a low pressure environment. To conclude, the researcher suggested that English teachers should first decrease students’ speaking anxiety in order to minimize the degree of influence that peer pressure brings to English speaking performance.
論文目次 TABLE OF CONTENTS
CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION………………………………………………….1
Background………………………………………………………………………1
Purpose of the Study……………………………………………………………...3
Statement of the Problems………………………………………………………..3
Research Questions………………………………………………………………6
Significance of the Study…………………………………………………………6
CHAPTER TWO LITERATURE REVIEW………………………………………….8
Previous Studies of Anxiety……………………………………………………...8
Different Types of Anxiety…………………………………………………………..9
Components of Foreign Language Anxiety………………………………......…10
Facilitating and Debilitating Anxiety.............................................................12
Speaking Anxiety in Foreign Language Classrooms….…………………….15
Peer Pressure……………………………………………………………………17
Influence of Peer Pressure in Classes………………………………………17
Peer Feedback and Assessment in Language Classes………………………19
Teacher’s Role in Peer Pressure, Feedback, and Assessment……..………….21
CHAPTER THREE METHODOLOGY……………………………………………..23
Participants……………………………………………………………………...23
Instrument……………………………………………………………………….24
Questionnaire…………………………………..……………………………24
Interviews……………………………………………………………………26
Procedures………………………………………………………………………28
CHAPTER FOUR RESULTS AND DISCUSSION…………………………………31
The top five causes of students’ speaking anxiety………………………..…….34
How peer pressure affects students’ English speaking………………………….50
The relation between speaking anxiety and peer pressure……………………...58
CHAPTER FIVE CONCLUSION...............................................................................63
Summary of the findings......................................................................................64
Pedagogical Implication.......................................................................................65
Limitations…........................................................................................................67
Recommendation for future study………………………………………………69
REFERENCES..…………………………………………...…………………………70Appendix A Questionnaire (English Version)….................................................77
Appendix B Questionnaire (Chinese Version)………………………………….85
Appendix C Interview Questions……………………………………………….91
Appendix D Rank, Percentage, Mean, and SD of Speaking Anxiety Scale…….92

List of Tables
Table 1 Information of the six interviewees…………...……………………………..27
Table 2 Information of all participants’ years of learning English………………..….30
Table 3 Information of the six interviewees………………………………………….34
Table 4.1. Levels of speaking anxiety (lack of enough vocabulary words)….............35
Table 4.2. Levels of speaking anxiety (fear of communicating with the teacher individually)……………………………………………………………….36
Table 4.3. Levels of speaking anxiety (worries of making grammatical mistakes)….36
Table 4.4. Levels of speaking anxiety (fear of speaking in public)…………………..37
Table 4.5. Levels of speaking anxiety (lack of preparation)........................................37
Table 5 Top three positive influencing factors of peer pressure...................................50
Table 6 Top three negative influencing factors of peer pressure……………………..51
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