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中文論文名稱 歐盟與東協區域間之經濟合作-以越南自由貿易協定談判為例
英文論文名稱 Interregional Economic Cooperation between EU and ASEAN: The Case Study of EU-Vietnam Free Trade Agreement Negotiation
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 歐洲研究所碩士班
系所名稱(英) Graduate Institute of European Studies
學年度 100
學期 2
出版年 101
研究生中文姓名 李依珊
研究生英文姓名 I-Shan Lee
學號 697290269
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
口試日期 2012-06-18
論文頁數 136頁
口試委員 指導教授-曾秀珍
指導教授-卓忠宏
委員-曾秀珍
委員-郭秋慶
委員-梁崇民
中文關鍵字 歐洲聯盟  東南亞國協  越南  歐盟-東協自由貿易協定  歐盟-越南自由貿易協定 
英文關鍵字 EU  ASEAN  Vietnam  EU-ASEAN FTA  EU-Vietnam FTA 
學科別分類 學科別社會科學區域研究
中文摘要 歐盟與東協長期保持密切的區域間合作關係,尤其至90年代東協成立東協自由貿易區後其區域整合更為完整,也使得歐盟開始更積極與東協展開對話。而在1996年亞歐會議成立後,歐盟與東協的合作關係更從原先的純區域間合作擴展到跨區域合作,然而,也透過此兩項管道雙邊區域的合作議題所涉及範圍也更加廣泛。

近幾年,由於亞洲市場的崛起,使得歐盟除穩固原先的立場外也積極擴展與亞洲的合作,其中又以東南亞國協最為明顯。有鑑於雙區域間經濟合作往來越來越頻繁,也促使雙方於2007年開始展開歐盟-東協自由貿易協定談判。

本研究主要探討因多項因素影響下目前區域層級自由貿易協定處於暫停協商階段,但歐盟為穩固其自身在東南亞市場的地位與促進多數東南亞國家的發展下,轉而朝向與單一國家進行相關自由貿易協定協商。最後,將以2012年主要協商國家越南為例來分析未來雙區域在經濟面上的合作走向。
英文摘要 Through interregional cooperation, EU has maintained a cloth relationship with ASEAN for a long time. In 90s, ASEAN Free Trade Area has been established and it strengths the process of regional integration. Furthermore, EU increasingly active starts dialogue with ASEAN. In 1996, when the ASEM launched that the models of cooperation arrangements between the two regional blocs have contained the original one (pure interregional cooperation) and trans-regional cooperation. The range of topics between the EU and ASEAN turn into wide by the two channels.
Recently, because of the rising of Asia, EU not only wants to consolidate the original position in this area but cooperates with Asia actively, especially for ASEAN. In fact, the economic cooperation between the two regions is getting closer and closer. Moreover, the two sides started to launch the negotiation of EU-ASEAN Free Trade Agreement in 2007.
Although the regional level FTA negotiation on which the study focus has been ceased by many elements. EU wants to consolidate its efficiency in Southeast Asia market and promotes to the development of southeast nations. EU decides to start FTA negotiation with the single country. Finally, the study focuses on Vietnam where one of the 2012 main FTA negotiator candidate countries and analyzes the future of the economic cooperation between the two regions by this case
論文目次 第一章、緒論 1
第一節、研究動機與目的 1
第二節、研究方法與途徑 2
第三節、文獻評論 3
第四節、研究範圍與限制 8
第五節、研究架構 9
第二章、歐盟與東協區域間合作關係之建立 13
第一節、歐亞區域形成與整合 13
一、舊區域主義至新區域主義發展 14
二、全球化下區域(間)整合發展 16
三、歐亞區域主義差異 25
第二節、區域間經濟合作發展趨勢 28
一、區域經濟整合效益 28
二、自由貿易協定協商 31
第三節、歐盟與東協對外FTA策略 38
一、歐洲地區 38
二、東協地區 40
小結 42
第三章、歐盟與東協區域間合作關係之發展 45
第一節、歐盟與東協區域間合作架構 45
一、歐盟與東協合作發展之沿革 46
二、歐盟與東協亞歐會議下之互動 51
第二節、現階段之歐盟與東協經貿合作 57
一、貿易 57
二、歐盟貿易普惠制度(GSP) 60
三、國外直接投資 62
第三節、歐盟與東協發展自由貿易協定 64
一、協商動機 65
二、協商目標 67
三、協商形式 68
四、協商進行 71
五、協商項目 71
六、協商立場 73
七、協商障礙 75
八、協商進展 77
小結 78
第四章、歐盟與東協個別國家自由貿易談判-以越南為例 79
第一節、越南政經與社會發展 79
一、政治情勢 80
二、社會發展 80
三、經貿發展 82
四、投資 88
第二節、越南於複合FTA之角色 91
一、區域層級 91
二、雙邊層級 96
第三節、歐盟與越南自由貿易協定發展 97
一、歐盟與越南之合作關係 98
二、歐盟-越南自由貿易協定之預期效益 113
三、歐盟與越南立場 113
四、自由貿易協定所帶來之影響 115
小結 122
第五章、結論 125
參考文獻 130

圖目次
圖1-1 論文架構圖 11
圖2-1自由貿易協商策略過程 34
圖2-2 三層級自由貿易協商委員會 35
圖3-1歐盟出口至東協產品比重 60
圖3-2東協主要FDI來源國(2002-2009) 63
圖3-3 FDI主要在東協投資產業比例(2002-2009) 63
圖4-1越南產業結構(1990-2009) 83
圖4-2越南主要經貿發展過程 85
圖4-3越南經濟成長率(1999-2010) 86
圖4-4越南FDI投資流程圖 87
圖4-5越南通貨膨脹率(1999-2011) 90
圖4-6 越南自由貿易協定發展現況 97
圖4-7德國對越南貿易(2006-2010) 99
圖4-8法國對越南貿易(2006-2010) 103
圖4-9義大利對越南貿易(2003-2010) 105
圖4-10西班牙對越南貿易(2006-2010) 107
圖4-11歐盟與越南貿易額(2006-2010) 111

表目次
表2-1舊區域主義與新區域主義之比較 16
表2-2區域間主義安排之差異 21
表2-3一般自由貿易協定協商項目與參與談判部門 37
表2-4東協自由貿易協定發展現況 41
表3-1歐盟與東協主要貿易夥伴(2010) 58
表3-2歐盟GSP下的東協主要受惠國家 61
表3-3歐盟與東協對於自由貿易協定協商議題之立場 76
表4-1越南投資條件的優勢與劣勢分析 90
表4-2越南於東協加一自由貿易協定下之規範 96
表4-3越南出口至歐盟主要國家(2010-2011) 98
表4-4歐盟主要國家進口越南商品 (2009-2011) 98
表4-5德國對越南投資觀點 100
表4-6越南主要貿易夥伴與商品 111
表4-7歐盟與越南自由貿易協定之影響 120
參考文獻 專書與專書之單篇:
郝培芝、羅至美 (2011),「國際整合與區域主義」,張亞中、左正東主編,國際關係總論第三版,頁443-476,台北:揚智文化出版社。

顧長永(2005),東南亞政治學,台北:巨流圖書公司。

期刊/學位論文:
王啓明 (2010),區域間主義與國際社會化-以歐盟、北美與東亞區域「三元體」互動之探討,《國際關係學報》,第30期,頁104-131。

吳東野 (2005),從亞歐會議論區域間主義的發展,《問題與研究》,第44卷第3期,頁1-31。

孫國祥 (2005),區域間主義之研究:亞歐會議之實踐,《亞太研究通訊》,第3期,頁31-53。

陳仲沂 (2010),冷戰結束後歐盟、東協與中國三邊關係之研究,《歐洲國際評論》,第6期,頁25-57。

陳仲沂 (2011),從區域主義觀點論冷戰結束後歐盟與東協發展歷程之異同,《台灣國際研究季刊》,第7卷第1期,頁171-194。

郭俊麟 (2008),東南亞區域整合經驗-「東協模式」的實踐與檢討,《台灣國際研究季刊》,第4卷第1期,頁99-126。

梁嘉桓 (2010),東亞共同體:歐盟模式?,《展望與探索》,第8卷第3期,頁84-91。

蔡學儀 (2003),亞洲經貿區域化台灣因應之道,《問題與研究》,第42卷第2期,頁23-33。

徐郁芬 (2006),層疊型區域主義在亞太地區的實踐:以自由貿易區的建構為例,國立中正大學政治學研究所碩士論文。

周琳雲 (2010),歐洲聯盟與東南亞國協區域互動架構之形塑,淡江大學歐洲研究所碩士論文。

楊士和 (2004),由亞歐會議(ASEM)分析歐盟(EU)與東協(ASEAN)之關係,淡江大學歐洲研究所碩士論文。

研討會論文:
王文娟 (2003),「WTO架構下之區域經濟整合」,台日論壇2002台北會議論文集,頁245-253。台北:智良出版社有限公司。

吳榮義 (2003),「亞洲自由貿易區的展望」,台日論壇2002台北會議論文集,頁219-244。台北:智良出版社有限公司。

浦田秀次郎 (2003),「東亞地區積極推動自由貿易區協定(FTA)」,台日論壇2002台北會議論文集,頁201-207。台北:智良出版社有限公司。

陳博志 (2003),「東亞經濟展望及對策」,台日論壇2002台北會議論文集,頁165-171。台北:智良出版社有限公司。

Books:
Aekaputra, P. (2011), “Report on the ASEAN Economic Cooperation,”in C.Herrmann and J.P. Terhechte (eds.),European Yearbook of International Economic Law,European Yearbook of International Economic Law 2, Berlin Heidelberg:Springer-Verlag.

Andreosso-O’Callaghan, B. (2008), “Comparing and Contrasting Economic Integration in the Asia-Pacific Region and Europe,”in Philomena, Murray (ed.), Europe and Asia, Great Britain: Palgrave Macmillan.

Balme, R. and Bridges, B. (2008), “Introducing Asia, Europe and the Challenges of Globalization,”in Richard, Balme and Brian, Bridges (eds.), Europe-Asia Relations, New York :Palgrave Macmillan.

Cameron, F. (2007), An Introduction to European Foreign Policy, London and New York: Routledge.

Chandra, A. C., Manurung, A. A. et al. (2010), Hopes and Fears: Indonesia’s prospects in an ASEAN-EU Free Trade Agreement, Canada: International Institute for Sustainable Development (iisd).

Dai, B. (2010), “China and the East Asian Regional Process,”in Farnham, Surrey (ed.), Comparative Regional Integration, GBR:Ashgate Publishing Group.

Dayley, R. and Neher, C. D. (2010), Southeast Asia in the New International Era, USA: Westview Press,.

Godement, F. (2008), “Europe-Asia: The Historical Limits of a ‘Soft’ Relationship,”in Richard, Balme and Brian, Bridges (eds.), Europe-Asia Relations, New York :Palgrave Macmillan.

Hettne, B. (2003), “The New Regionalism Revisited,”in Fredrik Söderbaum and Timothy M. Shaw (eds.), Theories of New Regionalism, Great Britain: Palgrave Macmillan

Marsh, S and Mackenstein, H. (2005), The International Relations of the European Union, Malaysia: Pearson Education.

McDougall, D. (2008), “The East Asian Experience of Regionalism,”in Philomena, Murray (ed.), Europe and Asia, Great Britain:Palgrave Macmillan.

Moxon-Browne, E. (2008), “Political Integration in the European Union: Any Lessons for ASEAN?,”in Philomena, Murray (ed.), Europe and Asia, Great Britain: Palgrave Macmillan.

Murray, P. (2008), “Europe and Asia: Two Regions in Flux,” in Philomena, Murray (ed.), Europe and Asia, Great Britain:Palgrave Macmillan.

Park, S. H. and Kim, H. C. (2008), “The Asia Strategy of the European Union and Asia-EU Economic Relations: History and New Developments,”in Richard, Balme and Brian, Bridges (eds.), Europe-Asia Relations, New York :Palgrave Macmillan.

Petri, P. A. (2010), “Asia and the World Economy in 2030: Growth, Integration, and Governance,”in Ashley J. Tellis et al. (eds.), Asia’s Rising Power and America’s Continued Purpose, Canada: NBR.

Severino, R. C. (2006), Southeast Asia in Search of an ASEAN Community: Insights from the Former ASEAN Secretary-General, Singapore: Utopia Press Pte. Ltd,.

Smith, K. E. (2008), “EU Foreign Policy and Asia,”in Richard, Balme and Brian, Bridges (eds.), Europe-Asia Relations, New York:Palgrave Macmillan.

Tay, S. S. C. (2010), Asia Alone, Singapore: Saik Wah Press Pte. Ltd,.

Yeo, L. H. (2008), “The Origins and Development of ASEM and EU-East Asia Relations,”in Philomena, Murray (ed.), Europe and Asia, Great Britain: Palgrave Macmillan.

-(2008), “EU-ASEAN Relations and Policy-Learning,”in Richard, Balme and Brian, Bridges (eds.), Europe-Asia Relations, New York :Palgrave Macmillan.

-(2009), “Political Cooperation between the EU and ASEAN: Searching for a Long-Term Agenda and Joint Projects,”in P.J.J Welfens et al. (eds.), EU-ASEAN: Facing Economic Globalisation, Berlin Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag.

-(2010), “From AFTA to ASEAN Economic Community-Is ASEAN Moving Towards EU-style Economic Integration?,”in Farnham, Surrey (ed.), Comparative Regional Integration, GBR: Ashgate Publishing Group.

Articles

Andreosso-O’Callaghan, B. and Nicolas, F. (2009),
“Assessing the Complementarity between the EU and ASEAN Economies,” Schriftenreihe der osterreichischen Gesellschaft fur Europaforschung (ECSA-Austria), Vol.12, Part4, pp. 205-233.

Botezatu, E. (2007), “EU-ASEAN Free Trade Area: Regional Cooperation for Global Competitiveness,” MPRA Paper, No.4946, pp.2-8.

Gilson, J. (2005), “New interregionalism? The EU and East Asia,” European Integration, Vol.27, No.3, pp. 307-326.
-(2007), “Inter-regionalism,” Paper presented at the European Consortium for Political Research, ECPR Standing Group on International Relations, University of Turin, pp. 1-30.
http://turin.sgir.eu/uploads/Gilson-inter-regionalism.pdf

Hänggi, H. (2000), “Inter-regionalism: empirical and theoretical perspectives,” Paper prepared for the workshop “Dollars, Democracy and Trade: External Influence on Economic Integration in the Americas,” Los Angeles, CA, pp. 1-14.
http://www.ipw.unisg.ch/org/ipw/web.nsf/SysWebRessources/hänggi/$FILE/ Haenggi.pdf

He, B. and Inoguch, T. (2011), “Introduction to Ideas of Asian Regionalism,” Japanese Journal of Political Science, Vol.12, No.2, pp. 165-177

Lindberg, L. and Alvstam, C. G. (2008), “EU-ASEAN trade: interregional FTA negotiations in the pipeline,” Paper presented at the 10th Annual Conference on European Integration, Swedish Network for European Studies in Economics and Business, SNEE, Molle, pp. 20-23.

Moschella, M, “European Union’s Regional Approach towards Its Neighbours: The European Neighbourhood Policy Vis-À-Vis Euro-Mediterranean Partnership,” University of Catania, pp. 1-18.
http://www.fscpo.unict.it/EuroMed/moschella.pdf

Roy, D. (2005), “Southeast Asia and China: balancing or bandwagoning?,” Contemporary Southeast Asia,Vol.27, No. 2, pp. 305-322.

Sbragia, A. (2008), “Review Article: Comparative Regionalism: What Might it Be?,” Journal of Common Market Studies, JCMS, Vol.46, pp. 29-49.

Schick, J. M. (1970), “Conflict and Intergration in the Near East: Regionalism and The Study of Crises,” Center for Naval Analyses, p. 1.-49
http://www.cna.org/sites/default/files/research/5500004400.pdf

Tanaka, K. (2009), “Regional Integration in Southeast Asia: Better Macroeconomic Cooperation Can Mitigate Risks,”Policy Insights, No.90.

官方文件
EU-VIietnam MUTRAP III- Multilateral Trade Assistance Project Report 2011. “The Free Trade Agreement between Vietnam and the European Union: Quantitative and Qualitative Impact Analysis,”
http://www.mutrap.org.vn/en/library/MUTRAPIII/Technical%20reports/THE%20FREE%20TRADE%20AGREEMENT%20BETWEEN%20VIETNAM%20AND%20THE%20EUROPEAN%20UNION%20-QUANTITATIVE%20AND%20QUALITATIVE%20IMPACT%20ANALYSIS.pdf

Economy EU-Vietnam MUTRAP III Report 2010 MUTRAPIII:
“Impact Assessment of Free Trade Agreement on Vietnam’s,”
“Vietnam - European Community Strategy Paper for the period 2007 to 2013,” European Union External Action.
http://eeas.europa.eu/vietnam/csp/07_13_en.pdf

網路資料
Association of Southeast Asia, ASEAN, http://www.aseansec.org/index.html
ASEM 8 (2010第八屆亞歐會議), http://www.asem8.be/
Casa Asia (西班牙亞洲之家), http://www.casaasia.eu/
CHATHAM HOUSE, http://www.chathamhouse.org/
East Asia Integration Studies (東亞整合研究), http://asianintegration.org/
El Banco Mundial, http://www.bancomundial.org/
EU-ASEAN Business Summit 2012, http://asean-eubizsummit.com/
Europe-Asia Policy Forum (歐洲-亞洲政策論壇), http://www.euforasia.eu/
European Chamber of Commerce in Vietnam (EuroCham), http://www.eurochamvn.org/
European Commission, http://ec.europa.eu/index_en.htm
European Economic and Social Committee, EESC, http://www.eesc.europa.eu/?i=portal.en.home
European Institute of Asia Studies, EIAS (歐洲亞洲研究學會), http://www.eias.org/index.php
EU-Vietnam Business Forum (歐盟-越南商業論壇), http://euvietnam.com/en/home.vcci
EU-Vietnam Mutrap III, http://www.mutrap.org.vn/en/default.aspx
Instituto Español de Comercio Exterior, ICEX (西班牙對外貿易協會), http://www.icex.es/icex/cda/controller/pageICEX/0,6558,5518394_5518974_5536731_0_0_-1,00.html
International Gender and Trade Network, IGTN (國際性別與貿易網絡), http://web.igtn.org/home/
Italian Chamber of Commerce in Vietnam (Icham), http://www.icham.org/?page_id=76
Italian Trade Promotion Agency (義大利貿易促進局), http://www.italtrade.com/about/about_us.htm
Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad (西班牙經濟暨競爭事務部), http://www.mineco.gob.es/
Notre Europe, http://www.notre-europe.eu/
Prosperity Initiative, http://prosperityinitiative.org/
Swedish Network for European Studies in Economics and Business, SNEE (瑞典歐洲經濟與商業研究), http://www.snee.org/index_eng.asp
United Nations Development Programme(聯合國發展計劃), http://www.undp.org/content/undp/en/home.html
World Trade Organization, WTO, http://www.wto.org/index.html

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