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系統識別號 U0002-0708200614044600
中文論文名稱 考慮邊坡穩定效應下之輸電塔震力分析
英文論文名稱 Seismic Analysis of Transmission Towers Considering Slope Stability
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 土木工程學系碩士班
系所名稱(英) Department of Civil Engineering
學年度 94
學期 2
出版年 95
研究生中文姓名 吳宗宜
研究生英文姓名 Tsung-I Wu
學號 693310467
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
口試日期 2006-06-30
論文頁數 76頁
口試委員 指導教授-雷英暉
委員-倪至寬
委員-段永定
中文關鍵字 輸電塔  幾何非線性  邊坡穩定 
英文關鍵字 transmission tower  geometric nonlinearity  slope stability 
學科別分類 學科別應用科學土木工程及建築
中文摘要 發電廠於傳輸電力至不同住宅或工商業區之過程中,相關傳輸路線常須因應地形及地貌之變化而呈現俯仰轉折之多變走勢,而台灣地區位處於環太平洋地震帶上,故構造物之抗震能力原本即為結構設計上之首要考量,復加以本島境內山巒綿亙、丘陵起伏,致眾多高壓輸電塔常須建造於邊坡毗鄰之處;影響所及,使得輸電塔構造在強震作用下之安全性將與邊坡之穩定息息相關。本文一方面建立有效之結構分析模式,精確模擬輸電塔之受震模式,並獲得各元件涵括幾何非線性之動力行為,另方面則縝密探討不同地質與地形條件之邊坡,於地震力及電塔慣性力共同作用下之安全度分析以及潛在滑動之破壞情形;冀期在建立包含輸電塔及邊坡兩子系統之三維全域系統之後,輸電塔之震力分析將可進ㄧ步獲致更佳之可靠性與實用性,研究結果顯示,輸電塔於邊坡上之興建位置及土壤之強度參數將與結構安全與否息息相關。
英文摘要 In the course of electricity conveyance beginning from power plant to some residential and industrial areas, the conveying route is often changeable both in its elevation and its orientation, due to the uneven topography or terrain which the transmission towers march across. Taiwan being situated in the vicinity of boundary zone between the Eurasian plate and the Philippine Sea plate, the ability in earthquake resistance is hence undoubtedly one of the essential requirements in structural design. On the other hand, plenty of mounds and mountains are found to extend uninterruptedly in Taiwan which makes many transmission towers here are inevitable to be built nearby the slope. As a consequence, the safety of these towers under strong ground motion would be closely related to the stability of slopes concerned. In this research, the effective analytical model of transmission towers will be established such that the precise dynamic behaviors, including both geometric and material nonlinearities, of tower members can be found. In addition, the detailed investigation on the potential sliding of the slopes with various patterns and under the combined action caused by seismic force and the inertia force from the tower will be undertaken. It is expected that through the establishment of the global 3-D system composed of both tower- and slope-subsystems, the better reliability and applicability for the analytical outcome will be accomplished. It is shown in the results that the structural safety for transmission towers will closely depend upon the spots where the tower is located at and upon the magnitudes of the strength parameters of soil concerned.
論文目次 目錄
本文目錄 Ⅰ
表目錄 Ⅲ
圖目錄 Ⅳ
符號說明 Ⅶ
第一章 前言 1
第二章 系統之分析模式與理論依據 7
2-1 輸電塔子系統 7
2-1.1 塔體結構 8
2-1.2 高壓電纜線 11
2-1.3 複支承運動方程式 15
2-1.4 地震輸入角及桿件破壞指數 20
2-2 邊坡子系統 23
2-2.1 土壤降伏準則及塑流法則 24
2-2.2 邊坡安全係數之評定 28
第三章 實例分析與討論 30
3-1 結構分析模型之介紹 30
3-2 上下子系統間之位移諧和性探討 31
3-3 各類參數對輸電塔之影響 33
3-3.1 纜索水平轉角 對輸電塔之影響 33
3-3.2 纜索垂直仰角 對輸電塔之影響 34
3-3.3 基腳邊距與土壤強度參數對輸電塔之影響 34
3-3.4 纜索質量對輸電塔之影響 35
3-4 邊坡穩定性評估 35
第四章 結論與展望 38
4-1 結論 38
4-2 展望 40
參考文獻 41
附表 45
附圖 50


表目錄
表3-1 輸電塔桿件之斷面尺寸與材料性質 45
表3-2 輸電塔基樁與輸電纜索之斷面尺寸及材料性質 46
表3-3 傾角 邊坡對應不同強度參數與邊距之安全係數 47
表3-4 傾角 邊坡對應不同強度參數與邊距之安全係數 48
表3-5 傾角 邊坡對應不同強度參數與邊距之安全係數 49


圖目錄
圖1-1 山區輸電塔群三維示意圖 50
圖2-1 端點束制彈簧配置示意圖 50
圖2-2 空間梁-柱元素對應元素座標之位移 51
圖2-3 空間梁-柱元素對應元素座標之節點力 51
圖2-4 纜索元素示意圖(a) 52
圖2-5 纜索元素示意圖(b) 52
圖2-6 複支承振動說明例 53
圖2-7 輸電塔結構與地震輸入角間之關係圖 53
圖2-8 角形斷面降伏強度包絡面 54
圖2-9 邊坡子系統之有限元素分析模型 54
圖2-10 截面四邊體元素示意圖 55
圖2-11 Drucker-Prager之 平面 55
圖2-12 Mohr-Coulomb 與 Drucker-Prager曲線相接於π平面 56
圖3-1 集集地震﹙CHY080﹚E-W向地表加速度歷時圖 56
圖3-2 集集地震﹙CHY080﹚擬加速度反應譜 57
圖3-3 輸電塔之三維有限元素分析模式與結構尺寸 58
圖3-4 輸電塔結構與邊坡間之3-D有限元素分析模式 59
圖3-5 輸電塔基腳之定義 59
圖3-6 纜索水平轉角θ與輸電塔位置關係圖 60
圖3-7 纜索垂直仰角 與輸電塔位置關係圖 60
圖3-8 邊坡子系統邊界條件之設定 61
圖3-9 邊距與邊坡傾斜角之定義 61
圖3-10 Soil typeⅠ下Leg A 之X向位移收斂情形 62
圖3-11 Soil typeⅡ下Leg A 之X向位移收斂情形 62
圖3-12 不同土壤性質下Leg A之X向位移最大值 63
圖3-13 不同土壤性質下Leg A之收斂前後X向位移相對誤差 63
圖3-14 Soil typeⅠ、 、 下各基腳之破壞指數 64
圖3-15 Soil typeⅡ、 、 下各基腳之破壞指數 64
圖3-16 Soil typeⅠ下改變纜索水平轉角 ,Leg A破壞指數之比較 65
圖3-17 Soil typeⅠ下改變纜索水平轉角 ,Leg B破壞指數之比較 65
圖3-18 Soil typeⅡ下改變纜索水平轉角 ,Leg A破壞指數之比較 66
圖3-19 Soil typeⅡ下改變纜索水平轉角 ,Leg B破壞指數之比較 66
圖3-20 Soil typeⅠ下改變纜索垂直仰角 ,Leg A破壞指數之比較 67
圖3-21 Soil typeⅠ下改變纜索垂直仰角 ,Leg B破壞指數之比較 67
圖3-22 Soil typeⅡ下改變纜索垂直仰角 ,Leg A破壞指數之比較 68
圖3-23 Soil typeⅡ下改變纜索垂直仰角 ,Leg B破壞指數之比較 68
圖3-24 Soil typeⅠ下改變基腳邊距L,Leg A破壞指數之比較 69
圖3-25 Soil typeⅠ下改變基腳邊距L,Leg B破壞指數之比較 69
圖3-26 Soil typeⅠ下改變土壤凝聚力c,Leg A破壞指數之比較 70
圖3-27 Soil typeⅠ下改變土壤凝聚力c,Leg B破壞指數之比較 70
圖3-28 Soil typeⅠ下改變土壤摩擦角 ,Leg A破壞指數之比較 71
圖3-29 Soil typeⅠ下改變土壤摩擦角 ,Leg B破壞指數之比較 71
圖3-30 考慮纜索質量對Leg A破壞指數之影響 72
圖3-31 考慮纜索質量對Leg B破壞指數之影響 72
圖3-32 破壞面切片表示法 73
圖3-33 case24臨界滑動面之頂視圖 73
圖3-34 case52臨界滑動面之頂視圖 74
圖3-35 case24臨界滑動面之垂直剖面圖 75
圖3-36 case52臨界滑動面之垂直剖面圖 76

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