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中文論文名稱 法國席哈克總統對中國政策之研究
英文論文名稱 French Policy toward China during Presidency of Chirac
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 歐洲研究所碩士班
系所名稱(英) Graduate Institute of European Studies
學年度 97
學期 2
出版年 98
研究生中文姓名 王俊瑋
研究生英文姓名 Jiun-Wei Wang
學號 695290444
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
口試日期 2009-06-19
論文頁數 183頁
口試委員 指導教授-郭秋慶
委員-梁崇民
委員-洪丁福
中文關鍵字 法國  中國  席哈克  台灣  武器禁運  人權  夥伴關係 
英文關鍵字 France  China  Chirac  Taiwan  arms embargo  human right  partnership 
學科別分類 學科別社會科學區域研究
中文摘要 法國與中國自1964年建交後,基於中國的廣大經濟能力與兩國對於冷戰時兩極體系的不滿等共識,使兩國關係發展平穩。直至1989年天安門事件發生時,法國積極對中國制裁的立場、1990年代初期法國對台灣出售軍事設備等,使兩國日漸加溫的關係暫時停止。
但在1993年法國進入左右共治,至1994年法中發布關係正常化公報後,雙方關係開始快速恢復。1995年席哈克當選法國總統,使兩國關係正式重回軌道,並確定了法中發展更密切夥伴關係的意願。在席哈克的推動之下,法國率先表示不再於聯合國人權委員會對中國人權狀況進行譴責,並在同年成為第一個與中國建立夥伴關係的西方國家。此後兩國開始在許多國際議題上具有共識,並在經濟、軍事與社會層面上更進一步的合作。席哈克致力將歐中關係,特別是法中關係發展成一種夥伴甚至是一種軸心關係,來影響整個國際秩序,並創造美國、歐洲與中國之間的新戰略三角。
然而國家在追求彼此利益的同時,不可避免將遇到潛在的摩擦甚至是衝突,雙方必然存在如外交、貿易逆差與台灣議題等問題。本文試圖探討與驗證席哈克的中國政策中,法中兩國在夥伴關係下的合作與困境,以及在席哈克執政時期法中關係的成效與影響為何。
英文摘要 Since the establishment of diplomatic relations in 1964, France-China relations have developed steadily, because of not only the wide economy of China but also they shared a similar willingness to free their respective nations from the constraints of the bipolar world imposed by the cold war context. But in 1989, France’s proactive attitude to the Tiananmen massacre and then French arm sales to Taiwan in the 1990s put an end to the developing relations between both countries.
However, the return to power of the Neo-Gaullist Party in 1993, the France-China’s communication in 1994, all favored an Unprecedented rapprochement between both countries. In 1995 Jacques Chirac’s election put their relations back on the track and confirmed France’s intention to develop a close partnership with China. In 1997 France became the first democratic nation to push for abandoning attempts to condemn China in the Unites Nations Human Rights Commission, and second country to establish 「Global Partnership」with China in the same year. Since then, Paris and Beijing have not only shared identical or similar stance on a larger number of questions, including the highly sensitive Taiwan issue, but also started further economic, military and cultural cooperations. Chirac contributes to develop EU-China relations, in particular France-China relations, as strategic partnership or even as an axis affecting whole international order, and creating a new strategic triangle between USA, EU and China.
However, nations inevitably encounter potential frictions, or conflicts, while pursuing national interests. There are absolutely numbers of problems on diplomacy, trade balance, Taiwan issue and etc. This article aims to demonstrate how France, in Chirac’s china policy, cooperates with PRC, what difficulties they encounter, and the efforts of France-China relations during the presidency of Chirac.
論文目次 目錄
第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究動機與研究目的 1
第二節 研究途徑 5
第三節 文獻評論 6
第四節 研究架構與章節安排 12
第五節 研究範圍與資料來源 14
第二章 後冷戰時期世界局勢 17
第一節 後冷戰時期國際局勢 18
第二節 法國內外情勢 25
壹、法國外交情勢 25
貳、國內經濟概況 29
第三節 中國改革開放以來的基本格局 32
壹、外交情勢: 進入國際社會 33
貳、中國採行大國外交 38
第四節 法國與中國的傳統關係 39
第三章 1995年起席哈克外交與對中國政策 47
第一節 席哈克對法國外交政策的調整 47
壹、法國外交獨立自主的維護 48
貳、重返並試圖影響北約 48
參、持續法德軸心為歐洲整合之途徑,並尋求多重聯盟 49
肆、與美關係 50
伍、維繫法國在非洲等傳統勢力範圍的關係 52
陸、對亞洲政策 54
第二節 夥伴關係的意義 59
第三節 法中建立夥伴關係之進程 62
第四節 戰略夥伴關係發展之趨勢 68
第四章 雙方建立的夥伴關係與實踐 81
第一節 雙方政治合作 81
壹、尊重聯合國的的作為 82
貳、法中雙邊的政治會晤 86
第二節 經濟關係 88
壹、法國在中國的投資計畫:湖北省為例 89
貳、法國與中國的工業合作:空中巴士為例 90
參、法國與中國雙邊貿易發展 94
肆、法國對中國貿易政策:Cap Export Chine 97
第三節 法國與中國之軍事關係 101
壹、法國與中國的軍事關係 101
貳、2004年法中海軍聯合演習 107
第四節 文化層面之合作 111
壹、科技與教育合作 111
貳、司法交流 114
參、文化交流 115
第五章 法中關係的挑戰與問題 119
第一節 法國與中國的外交摩擦 119
壹、伊朗核問題 119
貳、蘇丹的人道問題 123
參、人權與台灣問題 125
第二節 經濟層面問題 130
壹、法中經貿的逆差 130
貳、法國對中國經貿採取保護主義 135
參、法中在非洲的競爭 137
第三節 法中軍事層面的困境:武器禁運 141
第六章 結論 149
第一節 法中關係之成果與機會 149
壹、政治關係 149
貳、法國對中國經濟關係穩定成長 150
參、軍事交流持續發展 152
肆、人權與台灣問題成為次要議題 153
第二節 研究發現 154
第三節 未來展望 158
參考資料 163
附錄一 1996-2007年法國與中國首長互訪與關係背景紀要表 177


表目次
表1. 文獻評論表 6
表2. 席哈克時期前後法國對外政策之比較 58
表3. 1995-05年法國與中國之聯合國投票行為與統計 85
表4. 法國對中國出口之產品結構 95
表5. 法國自中國進口之產品結構 96
表6. 2000-2008年全球前八大傳統武器進口國家示意表 103
表7. 1995-2007年席哈克時期法國售予中國之傳統軍事設備 104
表8. 2006年前十大自伊朗進口原油國家 121
表9. 法國與歐盟國家對中國直接投資額比較 132
表10. 中國與全球國家貿易額與比例(從中國進口) 133
表11. 中國與全球國家貿易額與比例(對中國出口) 133
表12. 控訴反傾銷調查之主要歐洲國家所佔比例 136


圖目次
圖1. 席哈克對中國政策之論文研究架構圖 16
圖2. 1997-2007年法國與中國進出口貿易額 94
圖3. 1990-2007年法國與中國國防支出佔GDP之比例成長趨勢圖 103
圖4. 1995-2007年法國與中國貿易逆差額 131
圖5. 1995-2007年法國、德國與英國對中國貿易情況之比較 132
圖6. 全球接受反傾銷調查之國家與區域之比例 135
參考文獻 參考資料

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