||An Exploration of the Idioms and Phrasal Verbs in Senior High School Textbooks in Taiwan
||Department of English
||Marla Jean Hill
||This study explores 232 phrasal verbs and idioms in Volumes 1 through 4 of the Far East English Reader for Senior High Schools textbooks to determine the extent they conform to authentic use of English according to the Corpus of Contemporary American English (COCA). Definitions were examined for discrepancies between the Chinese and English definitions, and sample sentences were examined to determine if the usage reflected their typicality in the spoken corpus.
A mixed qualitative/quantitative approach was used to analyze the frequency of the phrasal verbs and idioms, and those with a frequency of 500 and above were then identified for further analysis of definitions and sample sentences.
The study reveals that of the 232 phrasal verbs and idioms examined, 90% have a frequency range of 0-9,999 for the corpus overall, with 10% falling within the ranges of 25,000 to 159,999. For the spoken corpus, 87% of the phrasal verbs and idioms fall within the range of 0-4,999, with 13% occurring within the 5,000 to 59,999 ranges; therefore, the majority of the phrasal verbs and idioms are not the most frequently occurring in the COCA.
In all there were 125 phrasal verbs and idioms with a frequency of 500 and above. Twenty-five were determined to have problems with definitions, sample sentences, or collocations and were examined in more detail. The study reveals that incomplete or incorrect definitions, sample sentences, or collocations are presented to students in textbooks, leading to confusion and inaccuracies in English.
TABLE OF CONTENTS iv
LIST OF FIGURES vi
LIST OF TABLES vii
CHAPTER 1 Introduction
1.1 Background and Motivations 1
1.2 Purpose of the Study 4
1.3 Research Questions 5
1.4 Significance of the Study 5
1.5 Organization of the Thesis 6
CHAPTER 2 Literature Review
2.1 Introduction 7
2.2 The Important Role of Vocabulary in Learning English
2.2.1 Collocations as Related to Word Knowledge 9
22.214.171.124 Definitions 9
126.96.36.199 Importance of Collocations 11
2.2.2 Idiomatic and Formulaic Language 13
2.2.3 Importance of the Sample Sentences 14
2.3 Vocabulary Pedagogy in Taiwan
2.3.1 Importance of Textbooks 17
2.3.2 Contents of the Far East English Reader for Senior High Schools 18
2.3.3 Importance of the Definitions 19
2.3.4 Comparison with Online Bilingual Dictionary 23
CHAPTER 3 Methodology
3.1 Methodology 27
3.2 Materials 31
3.3 Instrument 32
3.4 Frequency Counts 33
3.6 Summary 34
CHAPTER 4 Results
4.1 Overall Frequency Counts of the Idioms and Phrasal Verbs 35
4.2 Frequency Count in Spoken English 37
4.3 Examination of English and Chinese Definitions and Collocates 38
4.4 Summary 54
CHAPTER 5 Discussions and Conclusion
5.1 The First Three Chapters Reviewed 55
5.3 Pedagogical implications 60
5.4 Limitations 61
5.5 Suggestions for Further Research 62
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