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系統識別號 U0002-0609202023511600
中文論文名稱 應用數位製造於電子電路教學之教具設計
英文論文名稱 Circuits Learning Module Using Digital Fabrication.
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 電機工程學系機器人工程碩士班
系所名稱(英) Master’s Program In Robotics Engineering, Department Of Electrical And Computer Engineering
學年度 108
學期 2
出版年 109
研究生中文姓名 游允赫
研究生英文姓名 Yun-Ho Yu
學號 607470084
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
口試日期 2020-07-07
論文頁數 53頁
口試委員 指導教授-周建興
委員-趙于翔
委員-謝易錚
中文關鍵字 108課綱  電子電路零件  數位製造  模組教具 
英文關鍵字 Digital Fabrication  Curriculum Guidelines of 12- Year Basic Education  Circuit Part 
學科別分類
中文摘要 本論文旨在藉由數位製造製程將電子零件適度放大以協助中學教師進行電子零件與電路教學,內容包含教具製作、組裝、維修,配合基本電路教案,目標使學生更認識電子零件並藉由不同任務情境模擬,在解任務的過程認識電子零件的功能與應用。電子教具為具有功能之放大模型,包含:電池、電阻、發光二極體(LED)、可變電阻、指撥開關。除電子零件教具以外,為使教師於教學場域中得以更輕易舉例與演示,此論文亦包含教案之設計:教案內容除基本電子零件介紹與判別,在了解電路邏輯後,更進深亦包含簡易電路製作如光感應燈、音頻放大器等。本論文期許能協助中學教師以更簡單快速的方式製作出電子零件教具,並使教師具備組裝與故障排除的能力,藉此激發學生對學習電路的熱情與努力。亦希望藉由操作教具使學生更加了解電路邏輯,並得以實際運用內容於日常生活中。
英文摘要 In this Thesis, we develop a series kit of teaching module that can let student play and learn the knowledge of circuit. The teaching aid include two parts: “Circuit Part Module” and “Lesson Plan”. The circuit part can be manufact by 3D printer so teachers can easily print their own module. We also teach them how to assemble and fix, teachers can shoot the trouble in short time. The teaching plan not only teach student recognize the part but trying to let them learn hoe technology affect our lives and history. We expect students can learn the knowledge of circuit easily and can create a complete circuit by their own. We hope through these plans, students can find a better method and motivate to learn circuit. And after these plans, they can know well and trying to use the knowledge they learned in their daily life.
論文目次 目錄
致謝..................................................................................................................................................I
中文摘要.........................................................................................................................................II
Abstract..........................................................................................................................................III
目錄...............................................................................................................................................IV
圖目錄..........................................................................................................................................VII
表目錄...........................................................................................................................................IX
第一章 緒論.................................................................................................................................1
1.1 前言..................................................................................................................................1
1.2 研究動機與目的..............................................................................................................2
第二章 背景知識與相關研究.....................................................................................................3
2.1 十二年國教課程綱要......................................................................................................3
2.2 Fusion 360建模軟體.....................................................................................................5
2.3 探究式教學法..................................................................................................................6
2.4 學校中電路教學現況......................................................................................................8
2.4.1 傳統教學方法困境...............................................................................................8
2.4.2 使用電腦輔助教學.............................................................................................11
2.4.3 使用電腦輔助教學所遭遇之困難.....................................................................15
2.4.4 電路教學設計探討.............................................................................................17
2.4.5 小結.....................................................................................................................18
2.5 模組化教學....................................................................................................................19
2.5.1 教學模組.............................................................................................................19
2.5.2 模組教具.............................................................................................................21
第三章 教具設計.........................................................................................................................22
3.1 3D列印技術...................................................................................................................22
3.2 發光二極體....................................................................................................................27
3.3 電池................................................................................................................................30
3.4 電阻................................................................................................................................32
3.5 可變電阻........................................................................................................................34
第四章 教案設計.........................................................................................................................37
4.1 基本零件識別...............................................................................................................37
4.1.1 電池正負極判別.................................................................................................37
4.1.2 發光二極體正負極判斷.....................................................................................38
4.1.3 色碼電阻判別.....................................................................................................39
4.1.4 認識可變電阻.....................................................................................................40
4.2基本電路連接..................................................................................................................41
4.2.1串接電路...............................................................................................................41
4.2.2並聯電路...............................................................................................................42
4.2.3 基本控制電路.....................................................................................................43
4.2.4 進深控制電路.....................................................................................................44
第五章 教具教案測試.................................................................................................................45
5.1 學生測試........................................................................................................................45
5.2 教師簡報........................................................................................................................47
第六章 結論與未來展望.............................................................................................................51
參考文獻.......................................................................................................................................52
















圖目錄
圖2.1 核心素養內涵......................................................................................................................4
圖2.2 Fusion 360操作介面.............................................................................................................5
圖2.3 Edison電路模擬軟體.........................................................................................................11
圖2.4 NI Multisim麵包板模擬.....................................................................................................13
圖2.5 Fritzing 麵包版模擬..........................................................................................................13
圖3.1 FDM機台............................................................................................................................23
圖3.2 SLA機台.............................................................................................................................24
圖3.3以Fusion 360軟體進行LED 3D建模設計........................................................................27
圖3.4 LED 3D列印模型...............................................................................................................27
圖3.5 LED教具與實際發光二極體之尺寸比例.........................................................................29
圖3.6 電池3D建模模型..............................................................................................................30
圖3.7 電池3D列印模型..............................................................................................................30
圖3.8 電阻3D建模模型..............................................................................................................32
圖3.9 電阻3D列印模型..............................................................................................................32
圖3.10 可變電阻3D建模模型....................................................................................................34
圖4.1 電池正負極判別................................................................................................................37
圖4.2 LED正負極判斷..............................................................................................................38
圖4.3 電阻模型判別....................................................................................................................39
圖4.4 電阻色碼表........................................................................................................................39
圖4.5 可變電阻圖示....................................................................................................................40
圖4.6 電路串接............................................................................................................................41
圖4.7 並聯電路............................................................................................................................42
圖4.8 簡易控制電路....................................................................................................................43
圖4.9 進階控制電路....................................................................................................................44


















表目錄
表3.1 零件一覽表........................................................................................................................26
表3.2 LED模型組裝.....................................................................................................................28
表3.3 電池零件組裝....................................................................................................................31
表3.4 電阻零件組裝....................................................................................................................33
表3.5 可變電阻組裝....................................................................................................................35
表5.1 學生測試............................................................................................................................45
表5.2 教師簡報............................................................................................................................47
表5.3 教具介紹與操作................................................................................................................48
參考文獻 [1] 12年國教/課程綱要-108課綱重點(無日期)。民109年6月5日,取自:108課綱資訊網:https://12basic.edu.tw/12about-3-1.php
[2] Fusion 360[Online] Available :
https://www.autodesk.com/products/fusion-360/overview
[3] 詞條名稱:探究式教學法(無日期)。民109年7月9日,取自:教育百科:http://pedia.cloud.edu.tw/Entry/WikiContent?title=%E6%8E%A2%E7%A9%B6%E5%BC%8F%E6%95%99%E5%AD%B8%E6%B3%95&search=%E6%8E%A2%E7%A9%B6%E5%BC%8F%E6%95%99%E5%AD%B8%E6%B3%95#.E5.8F.83.E8.80.83.E8.B3.87.E6.96.99
[4] 林雪蓉,國小四年級學童學習電學迷思概念之研究,台北市立教育大學科學教育研究所,2006。
[5] 吳盈慧,國中電學單元課室微型實驗之行動研究,國立臺東大學進修部教育行政碩士班(夜間),2018。
[6] 張智偉,結合Edison電腦模擬的類比學習環融入國中直流電路學習成效之研究,國立彰化師範大學物理學系,2006。
[7] 金緯,應用TRIZ方法於數位學習之學研究—以電子電路教學課程為例,國立臺北科技大學機電整合研究所,2013。
[8] 李佳燕,資訊科技融入國中直流電路教學之行動研究中,國立彰化師範大學物理學系,2004。
[9] 李鈞育,隔離互動元素教材設計對國中生電學學習成效與認知負荷的影響,佛光大學學習與數位科技學系,2011。
[10] 曾常亮,國中生活科技課程實施電控車教學之成效研究,國立台灣師範大學工業教育學系在職進修碩士班,2010
[11] 賴恩瑩,模組教具對不同學習風格學生的工程概念學習成效影響之研究,國立台灣師範大學科技應用與人力資源發展學系,2013。
[12] 李文宏,應用模組教具發展國中動力機械教材之研究,國立台灣師範大學科技應用與人力資源發展學系,2015。
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