淡江大學覺生紀念圖書館 (TKU Library)
進階搜尋


下載電子全文限經由淡江IP使用) 
系統識別號 U0002-0607201109351000
中文論文名稱 歐洲整合脈絡下 資通訊(ICT)發展之研究
英文論文名稱 A Study on Information Communication Technology Development in the context of European Integration
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 歐洲研究所博士班
系所名稱(英) Graduate Institute of European Studies
學年度 99
學期 2
出版年 100
研究生中文姓名 陳碧芬
研究生英文姓名 Cristina, Pi-fen CHEN
電子信箱 chenbf@seed.net.tw
學號 892030023
學位類別 博士
語文別 中文
口試日期 2011-06-05
論文頁數 327頁
口試委員 指導教授-溫肇東
指導教授-許智偉
委員-陳信宏
委員-郭秋慶
委員-黃國俊
委員-陳瑞貴
委員-溫肇東
中文關鍵字 歐盟  歐洲整合  全球化  里斯本策略  多層級治理  資通訊(ICT)發展  資訊社會  制度變遷  偏好與衝突 
英文關鍵字 EU  European integration  globalization  Lisbon Strategy  mutil-level governance  information society  ICT development  information communication technology  FP  institutional change  preferences and conflicts 
學科別分類
中文摘要 本論文在於探究,邁向多層級、動態治理的歐洲聯盟援引全球化、技術變動快速、且產業已臻成熟的資通訊(Information Communication Technology, ICT)發展,作為推動區域整合的政策工具,尤其是2000年以降的里斯本策略攘括眾多資通訊相關計畫,廣納多元行動者參與以追求歐洲社會穩定與經濟繁榮卻因此面臨的制度變遷。
本研究假設,歐洲聯盟推算倡議資通訊發展的政治成本低於把它排除在歐洲整合的平台之外,而援引資通訊發展而獲得的競爭力強化、就業和穩定等預期收益,又高於保持施行原有制度,於是從自主的治理體系採納了來自全球的資通訊議題,時與漸進,資通訊ICT特有的規範也將漸漸地影響到歐盟治理體系的變遷,為制度改革作出功用。據此,本研究聚焦在3個研究問題:1.歐盟如何在全球資訊(IT)發展弱勢地位下,以歐洲整合為名、以治理為鑰,倡議適合歐洲環境的資通訊發展?2.歐洲在1984 – 1998年期間同時推動電信業民營化和電信自由化,搭配單一內部市場的特殊架構,落實了制度化管理,適用在加入網路、數位化新世代技術之發展路徑上嗎?3.解析資通訊發展歐洲化的因果關係,如何判定多層級各別行動者的偏好與彼此間的衝突,並明瞭其對促成制度變遷之意義?
對於各層級行動者的研究,本研究提出歐盟層級、成員國層級、市場之廠商,與中介機構之四個行動者類別,以背景資料分析和田野訪談11個案例作為主要觀察對象。
本論文的主要研究發現,歐盟面對全球化之資通訊發展,是從內在制度倡議共識理念,並特別彰顯資通訊的社會普及,相關政策之形成係透過多層級間共同分享的公共治理空間,以形塑適合歐洲整理脈絡的知識型社會;即使部份成員國的西歐工業國家對ICT發展持「去製造化」的思維,也不妨礙東歐新興經濟體的「外人直接投資趨策」之科技製造業發展,與相互構組全球ICT產業鏈的美-亞模式呈現發展路徑不依賴的現象;歐洲電信發展軌跡面臨數位匯流之資訊科技出現了複製發展路徑的困境,多層級行動者的各自偏好雖然明顯、彼此間亦因此發生重重衝突,但在歐洲整合之理念下,妥當之治理仍然被各行動者所期待,對於朝向調和之制度的變遷歷程,具有其關鍵意義。
英文摘要 This dissertation is aimed to focus on institutional change in the development of European Union (EU) and global Information Communication Technology (ICT) to study the challenge of dynamic multi-governance and its developing policy-forming in the context of European integration. Particularly, EU Lisbon Summit announced Lisbon Agenda at 2000 and continues to launch Lisbon strategies such works programme for the ICT theme of the FP6, FP7 as cross Member States projects. ICT takes core position for EU improving competitiveness, employment and stability.
Since 1980, ICT has been transforming speedily by US-Asia market-contracted cooperation, enhancing by digital technology convergence into 2000 meantime international organizations deal into common standards in the world as driving power of globalization. EU, however merely few industrial MSs developed national telecommunication sector due to quasi-protectionism accompanied with privatization. EU MSs account for an ever smaller percentage of ICT productions in manufacture and unknown ICT branding in world market. EU has stayed it on insufficiency and tardiness due to certain political themes and European Integration needs in different periods. EU faces new breakthroughs in ICT have been continuing over the nowadays and next decades to bring ever-more wide ranging applications
This study hypothesis, while citing the development of access to ICT to expected benefits, EU projects on its own systematic governance also global ICT-specific norms would gradually affect its institutional changes in the context of European Integration. Accordingly, the dissertation proposes three research questions: first, how European ICT development has been initiated by dynamic governance and policy forming in the name of European integration and under a weak position of PC-based IT? Second, main ICT component as telecommunication had systematized with European Single Market by approach of privatization and liberalization in 1984 – 1998. Is it applicable in the path of digital convergence? Third, analysing the causal relationship of individual actors on ICT development in the context of Europe integration, how determine their preferences and conflicts, and understand its meaning contributed to institutional change?
This dissertation analyzes EU ICT policies and illustrates in 11 cases study of multi-level actors as EU commission, MSs, enterprises and intermediates. Main findings are EU innovate ICT development in a consensus between shaping of public space and context of knowledge-based society; it does not depend on global ICT industry chain of structuring of the US - Asian model; the path of European telecoms development has replicated difficultly in digital convergence; the multi-level actors present own visible preferences, among numerous conflicts have occurred as a result. For the proper governance based on the concept of integration in Europe, the various actors are still looking for the institutional changes towards reconciliation process, with its crucial significance.
論文目次 章節目次
第 一 章、緒言 1
第一節、研究動機 1
第二節、研究目的 5
第三節、研究方法 7
第四節、文獻回顧 8
一、科技史冊記載美國超越歐洲的遠因 8
二、單一市場之科研政策的學術研究 12
三、資通訊發展歐洲化之研究 14
四、資通訊發展的社會學研究 14
五、歐盟治理模式改變及其影響之探討 15
六、ICT企業暨產業生態系統的研究 17
七、科管學門的創新暨前瞻研究 18
第五節、理論基礎 20
一、功能主義和新功能主義 21
二、治理理論和多層級治理 23
三、制度理論與制度變遷 26
四、社會ICTs研究 28
第六節、 研究問題與研究範圍 36
第七節、 研究架構與章節安排 39
第 二 章、 資通訊發展作為促進歐洲整合之源起與變遷 45
第一節、 資通訊發展的全球源起 45
一、 新技術革命帶來結構變化 45
二、 資通訊發展與新經濟 50
第二節、 資通訊發展的全球變遷 54
一、 市場創新「美-亞模式」 54
二、 資通訊發展的國際共通規範之雛型 60
第三節、 資通訊發展的歐洲源起 66
一、 電腦技術研發萌芽 66
二、 里斯本議程全面啟動 71
第四節、 資通訊發展的歐洲歷程 75
一、 法理支持科技合作之治理 75
二、 階段發展的歐洲化 78
第 三 章、 資通訊發展在歐洲整合之實踐研究 87
第一節、 歐體/歐盟政策衍生之資通訊發展框架 87
一、 資通訊相關政策的法源 88
二、 資通訊相關政策的決策者 89
三、 資通訊相關政策的決策過程 91
四、 資通訊相關政策的權責劃分 91
第二節、 電信業自由化的制度管理 93
第三節、 超國家大型ICT計畫 95
一、 歐洲資訊技術研發策略計畫(ESPRIT) 96
二、 伽利略(Galileo)衛星計畫 97
三、 歐洲研究區域(ERA) 98
四、 科研架構計畫(Framework Programme) 100
五、 單一歐洲資訊空間 102
第四節、 資通訊在歐洲整合的社會普及 104
一、 網路硬、軟體發展 107
二、 家戶與企業的網路使用 112
三、 「網路文盲」與「二次落差」 115
第五節、 歐盟資通訊發展時序匯整 118
第 四 章、 以歐盟層級為行動者之案例研究 121
第一節、 歐盟研究總署 122
一、 歐盟科研政策研擬之幕僚單位 122
二、 前瞻整合社會需求的資通訊發展 127
三、 變動治理形成歐盟機構之顯著問題 132
第二節、 歐盟企業總署 135
一、 歐盟產業政策的創新研擬 135
二、 產業生態與資通訊發展密合不良 139
第三節、 小結:摸索學習 承上啟下 145
第 五 章、 以歐盟成員國層級為行動者之案例研究 147
第一節、 德國經濟科技部 149
一、 德國官方回應歐盟倡議資通訊發展 149
二、 德國推動資通訊發展的國家行動 153
三、 ICT新技術與產業老結構的衝突 160
第二節、 芬蘭國家技術創新局Tekes 162
一、 芬蘭資通訊發展的國家創新角色 162
二、 Tekes橫向整合跨部會之資源 167
三、 貼近歐盟規則並援引國際資源 172
第三節、 愛爾蘭科技與創新政策處Forfás 174
一、 引進ICT產業改造經濟結構 174
二、 認同知識經濟的現代發展模式 182
三、 外部競爭升高內部治理的困難 185
第四節、 匈牙利投資暨貿易發展局ITDH 187
一、 中東歐新興經濟對全球化ICT的寄望 187
二、 同步發展匈牙利內部ICT消費市場 191
三、 擴大ICT經濟效益埋下國家負債問題 194
第五節、 小結:成員國自成一格的ICT發展 195
第 六 章、 以市場場域為行動者之廠商案例研究 197
第一節、 飛利浦安荷芬研究中心 199
一、 70年代即與亞洲ICT製造業建立關聯 199
二、 知識產權部在歐洲進行全球管理 209
三、 跨國企業全球經營與歐洲研發的調節 211
第二節、 ADB 213
一、 全球ICT市場中的歐洲中小企業 213
二、 歐洲技術創新與亞洲產業聯盟 216
三、 歐盟對小型ICT歐洲廠商的有限治理與有限資源 219
第三節、 bwin 221
一、 網路世代的歐洲新創ICT服務業 221
二、 定位全球化產業的發展藍圖 227
三、 歐洲單一市場適法不一致的挑戰 230
第四節、 小結:ICT廠商的全球化共通特性 235
第 七 章、 以利益團體為行動者之專業中介機構案例研究 237
第一節、 歐洲創投暨私募產業協會EVCA 237
一、 啟動ICT投入資金的觸媒 237
二、 多方協調治理端、資金端與社會認知 247
三、 歐盟金融監管趨嚴的投資限制 252
第二節、 艾森創新機構Exnovate 254
一、 結合美、加學者探討歐洲開放式創新 254
二、 串接產、官、學在ICT議題的對話網絡 257
三、 面臨歐盟內部資源爭奪的磨擦 261
第三節、 小結:有待發揮的調和角色 262
第 八 章、 多層級行動者案例的綜合討論 265
第一節、 各類別行動者的偏好的表現 265
一、 歐盟層級 265
二、 成員國層級 267
三、 市場場域之廠商層級 269
四、 利益團體之專業中介機構層級 271
第二節、 行動者之間的衝突與調和 273
一、 釐清衝突類別,多方提議構想 273
二、 調和功能與機動落實的治理新範示 277
第 九 章、 結論 279
第一節、 主要研究發現 281
一、 與多層級治理串接的歐洲資通訊發展創新 281
二、 歐洲整合脈絡的資通訊發展與全球路徑不依賴 283
三、 歐盟推動資通訊發展和電信發展的路徑不一 284
四、 行動者各自偏好造成衝突,妥當治理推動制度變遷 285
第二節、 研究貢獻 287
第三節、 後續研究建議 289
參考書目 .293
附錄
本研究案例研究訪談明細 323
中外文縮寫對照 326

表次
表 1.6 不同行動者案例的分類 37
表 2.1 230年來的五次技術革命 45
表 2.2 歐洲整合1980年代以降的重心 71
表 2.4.1 歐洲國家網路整備指標 (NRI)之顯著排行 82
表 2.4.2 ICT作為永續發展之全球排名(2009 – 2010) 84
表 5.3.1 重大外資企業在愛爾蘭的發展與定位變遷 180
表 6.3.1 bwin Group子公司成員 230

圖次
圖 1.5.1 社會資通訊技術研究(social research on ICT)之圖略 31
圖 1.5.2 社會ICTs研究及其實踐的跨領域交叉議題 33
圖 1.5.3 資通訊政策議題矩陣圖 35
圖 1.6 本研究假設之ICT相關議題矩陣圖 39
圖 1.7.1 本研究架構 40
圖 1.7.2 本研究流程 42
圖 1.7.3 本研究章節安排 43
圖 2.2.1 90年代雁行理論圖 60
圖 2.2.2 歐洲國家ICT產業附加價值占總產業附加價值之比例 65
圖 3.4.1 歐盟整合三階段的網路滲透率成長表現(2002 – 2009)109
圖 3.4.2 歐盟成員國網路滲透率成長變化(2007年 對照 2009年)110
圖 3.4.3 歐盟27國網路滲透率比較(2009)111
圖 3.4.4 歐盟27國家戶寬頻連網率變化(2006年 對照 2009年) 113
圖 3.4.5 歐盟27國家戶連網率 (2009年)114
圖 3.4.6 歐盟ICT技能員工占總雇用員工比率之年變化(2001 – 2008)117
圖 3.4.7 比較歐盟27國ICT技能員工占總雇用員工比率118
圖 3.5.1 歐洲整合過程中的資通訊發展關鍵時點119
圖 4.1.1 歐盟研究總署(EU RDG )案例之研究定位123
圖 4.1.2 歐盟研究總署組織及其分工 (2009)133
圖 4.2.1 歐盟企業總署案例之研究定位 135
圖 4.2.2 歐盟27國企業連網率 (2009年)140
圖 4.2.3 歐盟地區企業使用ICT情形(2005 對照2008年平均值)141
圖 4.2.4  ICT研發投入占商業研發投入的各國比較 142
圖 4.2.5 各國ICT部門對企業研發密度的貢獻比較(2005)143
圖 4.3.1 以歐盟層級為行動者之案例在社會ICTs相關議題的綜合整理146
圖 5.1.1 德國經科部案例之研究定位150
圖 5.1.2 德國ICT2020的5年經費規劃 153
圖 5.2.1 芬蘭國家技術創新局Tekes案例之研究定位 163
圖 5.2.2 Tekes 1997- 2008年 R&D 募資情形 172
圖 5.3.1 愛爾蘭Forfás案例之研究定位 175
圖 5.3.2 愛爾蘭國家科技研發政策之架構 178
圖 5.4.1 匈牙利ITDH案例之研究定位 188
圖 5.4.2 匈牙利與OECD各國平均科學與創新表現的比較 191
圖 5.5.1 以歐盟成員國層級為行動者之案例在社會ICTs相關議題的綜合整理 196
圖 6.1.1 飛利浦安荷芬研究中心案例之研究定位 200
圖 6.2.1 ADB案例之研究定位 214
圖 6.3.1 bwin案例之研究定位 222
圖 6.4.1 以市場場域為行動者之廠商案例在社會ICTs相關議題的綜合整理 236
圖 7.1.1 EVCA案例之研究定位 239
圖 7.1.2 歐盟15國與美國的創投資金比較(1997-2008)240
圖 7.1.3 美、英、歐盟15國初期投資類型的創投資金比較241
圖 7.1.4 歐盟成員國2009年私募業投入擴張與重整之資金(占各國GDP比) 243
圖 7.1.5 歐盟成員國2009年創投投入種子與創業之資金(占各國GDP比) 244
圖 7.1.6 2009年上半年歐洲國家各類別創投投資ICT企業家數 245
圖 7.2.1 Exnovate案例之研究定位 255
圖 7.3.1 以利益團體為行動者之專業中介機構案例在社會ICTs相關議題的綜合整理 263
圖 8.1 本研究綜合分析多層級行動者與ICT議題之互動呈現 278
參考文獻 中文文獻
專書
1. Albert, Michel原著;莊武英譯(1995)。兩種資本主義之戰(Capitalism Against Capitalism. Paris, Four Walls Eight Windows, 1993)。台北:聯經。
2. Balassa, Bela.原著;劉泰英譯(民69)。歐洲經濟統合。台北:幼獅文化。
3. Campbell, J. L. 原著;姚偉譯(2010)。制度變遷與全球化。上海,上海人民出版社。
4. Castells, Manuel原著;夏鑄九等譯(2002)。認同的力量。初版,台北:唐山。
5. Croteau, David & Hoynes, William原著;湯允一等合譯(2001)。媒體/社會:產業,形象,與閱聽大眾。初版,台北:學富文化。
6. Downey, John & McGuigan, Jim原著;江淑琳譯(2003)。科技新城鎮。台北:韋伯文化國際出版。
7. Eirik, Furubotn & Richter, Rudolf原著;顏愛靜譯(2009),制度與經濟理論(Institutions and economic theory: the contribution of the new institutional Economics. USA: The University of Michigan Press, 2000)。台北:五南。
8. Fligstein, Neil原著;鄭力軒譯(2007)。市場的構造:21世紀資本主義社會的經濟社會學。台北:群學。
9. Furubotn, Eirik G; Richter, Rudolf原著;顏愛靜主譯,黃名義等合譯(民90)。制度與經濟理論:新制度經濟學之貢獻。台北:五南圖書。
10. Hampden-Turner, Charles & Trompenaars, Alfons原著;徐聯恩譯(2004)。全球七大富邦:卓越經濟體的文化精髓(Seven Cultures of Capitalism: Value Systems for Creating Wealth in the United States, Japan, Germany, France, Britain, Sweden, and the Netherlands, 1993)。台北:智庫文化。
11. Holmes, David原著;趙偉妏譯(2009)。媒介、科技與社會:傳播理論的面向。台北:國立編譯館與韋伯文化國際出版。
12. Leonard, Mark原著;廖海燕(2009)。為什麼歐洲會領跑21世紀?。中國上海:上海三聯書店。
13. Palan, Ronen原著;黃東焬,陳立譯(2006)。全球政治經濟學(Global Political Economy: Contemporary Theories. UK, Routledge, 2000)。台北:韋伯文化國際出版。
14. Rosefielde, Steven原著;吳書榆譯(2005)。比較經濟體系:二十一世紀的文化、財富與權力(Comparative Economic Systems, Culture, Wealth, And Power In The 21st Century)。台北:韋伯文化國際出版。
15. Saxenian, AnnaLee原著;彭蕙仙、常雲鳳譯(1999)。區域優勢:矽谷與一二八公路的文化與競爭(Regional Advantage: Culture and Competition in Silicon Valley and Route 128 , 1994)。台北:天下遠見出版。
16. Saxenian, AnnaLee原著;顧淑馨譯(2008)。新世代科技冒險家(The New Argonauts: Regional Advantage in a Global Economy, 2006)。台北,天下雜誌。
17. Schirato, Tony原著;何哲欣譯(2009)。運動的文化分析。台北:韋伯文化國際出版。
18. Simon, Harald;Bauer, Brigitte;Jageler, Franz等原著;春田出版社編譯組譯(1996)。探尋歐洲競爭優勢。台北:春田。
19. Yin, Robert K.原著;尚榮安譯(2001)。個案研究法。台北:弘智文化。
20. 王正芬(1999)。台灣資訊電子產業版圖。台北:財訊。
21. 王泰銓(2008)。歐洲聯盟法總論。台北:財團法人台灣智庫。
22. 王啟明(2009)。歐洲聯盟東擴之研究-從國際社會化的途徑分析。台北:秀威資訊科技。
23. 史坦巴克(Dan Steinbock)原著;李芳齡譯(2002)。NOKIA! : 小國競爭者的策略轉折路。台北 : 商智文化出版。
24. 史雷特(Slater, Robert)原著,袁世珮譯(1999)。企業強權-傑克威爾許再造奇異之道。台北:麥格羅希爾。
25. 田德文(2005)。歐盟社會政策與歐洲一體化。北京:社會科學文獻出版社。
26. 吉見俊哉著;蘇碩斌譯(2009)。媒介文化論-給媒介學習者的15講。台北:群學出版。
27. 托佛勒(Toffler, Alvin)原著;黃明堅譯(1981)。第三波。台北,經濟日報社。
28. 吳志成(2003)。治理創新-歐洲治理的歷史、理論與實踐。天津:天津人民出版社。
29. 李永周(2006)。高技術產業風險投資研究。北京:經濟科學出版社。
30. 李英明(2005)。新制度主義與社會資本。台北:楊智文化。
31. 沈玄池,洪德欽主編(1998)。歐洲聯盟:理論與政策。台北:中央研究院歐美研究所出版。
32. 里斯本集團(The Group of Lisbon, 2001)。競爭的極限。台北:正中書局。
33. 周弘主編(2004);貝雅特•科勒-科赫等著;顧俊禮等譯。歐洲一體化與歐盟治理。北京:中國社會科學出版社。
34. 周弘主編(2010)。歐洲發展報告,2010 – 2011,《里斯本條約》與歐盟的未來。北京:社會科學文獻出版社。
35. 周錫洋(2006),運動彩券之行銷策略研究,國立台北大學企業管理學系碩士論文。
36. 林士純(民83)。歐洲共同體共同研究與技術發展政策 - 創新、技術移轉之研究,淡江大學歐洲研究所碩士論文。台北:作者自印。
37. 林信華(1999),邁向一個新的歐洲社會。台北:五南圖書。
38. 契波拉編著;張彬村、林灑華譯(1989)。歐洲經濟史(工業社會的興起I)。台北:遠流出版。
39. 柯司特(Castells, Manuel)原著,夏鑄九、王志泓等校譯(2000)。網絡社會之崛起。台北:唐山出版,修訂再版。
40. 紀登斯(Giddens, Anthony)原著;李康、李猛譯(2002)。社會的構成(The Constitution of Society: outline of the theory of structuration. USA, University of California Press, 1984)。台北,左岸文化。
41. 秦亞青主編(2008)。觀念、制度與政策:歐盟軟權力研究。北京:世界知識出版社。
42. 袁志剛主編,林竟君著(2005)。網絡、社會資本與集群生命周期研究:一個新經濟社會學的視角。上海:上海人民出版社。
43. 馬來平(2001)。科技與社會引論。北京:人民出版社。
44. 張亞中(1998)。歐洲統合:政府間主義與超國家主義的互動。台北,揚智文化。
45. 張健雄(2006)。歐盟經濟政策概論。北京:中國社會科學出版社。
46. 張惠玲(2003)。歐盟共同外交暨安全政策之整合談判過程與臺海兩岸協商經驗之比較,國立中山大學大陸研究所博士論文。高雄:作者自印。
47. 許琇媛(2008)。歐盟多層級治理分析-德國、英國及其地方當局參與歐盟政策制定之研究。淡江大學歐洲研究所博士論文。台北:作者自印。
48. 許智偉主編,朱建松翻譯,林明義校訂(民74)。歐洲共同體。台北:黎明文化。
49. 陳 勁(1999)。歐洲聯盟的整合與體制運作。台北,五南圖書。
50. 陳向明(2002)。社會科學質的研究。台北:五南圖書。
51. 陳碧芬主編(2007)。預約美好未來:產業科技創新國際研討會出版品。台北:經濟部技術處。
52. 陳碧芬主編(2008)。接軌世界 創新無限。台北:經濟部技術處出版。
53. 章鴻康(1991)。歐洲共同體法概論。台北:遠流出版。
54. 彭芸(2004)。匯流時代的電視產業及觀眾。台北:五南圖書。
55. 無名氏(民73)。歐洲共同市場的工業策略。台北:行政院經濟建設委員會經濟研究處編印。
56. 黃偉峰主編(2007)。歐洲聯盟的組織與運作。台北:五南圖書。
57. 楊丁元、陳慧玲(1996)。業競天擇:高科技產業生態。台北:工商時報。
58. 楊逢珉,張永安(2008)。歐洲聯盟經濟學。上海:上海人民出版社。
59. 溫肇東,陳碧芬(2003)。栽一顆創業種籽-創業學習平台的布建與複製。台北:商智文化。
60. 靳仲華,周國林主編(2005)。歐盟科學技術概況。北京:科學出版社。
61. 熊澄宇(2005),資訊社會4.0。初版,台北:商周出版。
62. 趙濤(1988)。經濟長波論。北京:中國人民大學出版社。
63. 劉文秀(2009)。歐盟的超國家治理。北京:社會科學文獻出版社。
64. 鄭伯壎,蔡舒恆(2007)。矽龍:台灣半導體產業的傳奇。台北:華泰文化。
65. 鄭海燕編著(2004)。歐洲聯盟信息政策研究。北京:北京圖書館出版社,第一版。
66. 蕭瑞麟(2006)。不用數字的研究。台北:台灣培生教育。
67. 諾斯(North, Douglass)原著;劉瑞華譯(1994)。制度、制度變遷與經濟成就(Institutions, Institutional Change and Economic Performance. UK, Cambridge University Press, 1990)。台北:時報文化。
68. 諾斯(North, Douglass)原著;劉瑞華譯(1998)。經濟史的結構與變遷(Structure and Change in Economic History. New York, 1981)。台北:時報文化,初版五刷。
69. 薛曉源,陳家剛編著(2007)。全球化與新制度主義。台北:五南圖書。
70. 鞠頌東,葛新權,戴小兵,李靜文編著(2000)。知識經濟與產業結構調整。北京:社會科學文獻出版社。
71. 羅紅波主編(2010)。歐洲經濟社會模式與改革。北京:社會科學文獻出版社。
72. 蘭天(2006)。歐盟經濟一體化模式。北京:中國社會科學出版社。
期刊論文
73. 方亮淵,吳思華(2003)。「歐盟區域創新系統與產業創新之研究」,國家科技策與國際競爭力研討會論文集。台北。
74. 王振寰,蘇耀昌(2002)。發展型國家興衰的不同途徑:台灣與香港比較。台北:台灣社會學年會。
75. 呂曜志(2007)。亞洲主要國家之整體環境、基本經濟指標、產業政策、市場機會與產業競爭力分析。研究分析報告。台北:台灣經濟研究院。
76. 施世駿(2005)。歐盟新治理模式與社會政策發展:「開放協調法」興起的歷史脈絡與政策意涵,頁1-50。台灣社會福利學刊,第4卷第1期。
77. 胡凱焜,王秉鈞(2008),從科技及權力變遷角度再探網絡社會發展-由web2.0崛起談起。2008中華民國科技管理學會年會暨論文研討會論文集。政治大學科技管理研究所。
78. 陳信宏(2009)。全球化與開放創新趨勢下之創新政策研究。經濟部委託研究計畫:全球產業科技競合與價值創造之創新政策計畫(後續擴充第2期)。台北:中華經濟研究院非賣品。
79. 陳信宏,黎綺雯、戴彗紋(2008),實踐開放式創新的政策思維。接軌世界 創新無限。台北:經濟部技術處出版。第74 – 87頁。
80. 陳信宏、劉孟俊、溫麗琪(2000),邁向二十一世紀臺灣產業發展政策之綜合研究: 因應經貿環境變遷我國產業政策調適之諮詢與研究: 知識經濟新產業之孕育措施。中華經濟研究院研究計畫。台北:中經院非賣品。
81. 陳碧芬(2007)。「歐洲產業人才的培育工程」。台灣經濟研究月刊第30卷第2期,頁31- 37。台北:財團法人台灣經濟研究院。
82. 陳碧芬(2010)。亞洲中產市場機會的宏觀觀點。《台灣經濟研究月刊》第33卷第4期,頁68- 76。台北:財團法人台灣經濟研究院。
83. 陳碧芬(2010)。運動彩券進入市場的媒介文化差異-以歐洲商bwin個案分析。2010第二屆STS學會年會論文。
84. 黃偉峰(2001)。歐盟整合模式與兩岸主權爭議之解析,《歐美研究》第31卷第1期,頁129-173。台北:中央研究院歐美研究所。
85. 蒯光武(2000)。歐盟電信自由化之架:調和偏好之制度設計。洪德欽主編(2000),《歐洲聯盟經貿政策》,頁293-335。台北:中央研究院歐美研究所。
86. 劉復國(1998)。產業利益整合與歐洲整合。沈玄池,洪德欽主編(1998),《歐洲聯盟:理論與政策》,頁123-153。台北:中央研究院歐美研究所。
87. 蘇宏達(2003)。以憲政主權建造概念解釋歐洲統合之發展,《歐美研究》第31卷第4期,頁629-687。台北,中央研究院歐美研究所。

西文文獻
Books
1. Aichholzer, Georg & Schienstock, Gerd (eds) (1994), Technology policy: towards an integration of social and ecological concerns. Berlin : Walter de Gruyter.
2. Alho, Kari & Erkkila, Mika & Kotilainen, Markku (eds) (1996), The economics and policies of integration: a Finnish perspective. Dordrecht : Kluwer Academic Publishers.
3. An Independent Expert Group report to the European Commission (2003), Raising EU R&D Intensity: Improving the Effectiveness of Public Support Mechanisms for Private Sector Research and Development: Risk Capital Measures. Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities.
4. Andersen, Torben M., Holmstrom, Bengt, Honkapohja, Seppo, Korkman, Sixten, Soderstrom, Hans Tson, Vartianianen, Juhana (2007), The Nordic Model: Embracing globalization and sharing risks. Helsinki: Yliopistopaino.
5. Antje Stobbe (2006), IT, telecoms & New Media: the dawn of technological convergence. Digital economy and structural change, Economics 56. Deutsche Bank Research, Germany.
6. Becher, Gerhard & Kuhlmann, Stefan (eds) (1995), Evaluation of Technology Policy Programmes in Germany. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers.
7. Berger, Helge & Moutos, Thomas (eds) (2004), Managing European Union enlargement. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT
8. Berger, Suzanne & Lester, Richard K. (2005), Global Taiwan: building competitive strengths in a new international economy. New York: Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
9. Berleur, Jacques & Galand, Jean-Marc (2005), ICT Policies of the European Union: From an Information Society to eEurope. Trends and visions, Perspectives and policies on ICT in society: an IFIP's TC9 "Computers and Society" committee.
10. Bianchi, Patrizio & Labory, Sandrine (eds) (2006), International handbook on industrial policy. Cheltenham, UK : E. Elgar.
11. Bijker, Wiebe E. & Law, John (eds) (1992), Shaping technology /building society: studies in sociotechnical change. USA: Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
12. Bondebjerg, Ib & Golding, Peter (2004), European culture and the media. UK: Intellect Books.
13. Bretherton, Charlotte & Vogler, John (1999), The European Union as a global actor. London : Routledge.
14. Cannell, William (1996) Introduction: Technology Management as a Focus for Public Policy, Technology Management and Public Policy in the European Union. New York: Oxford University Press.
15. Charles, David & Howells, Jeremy (1992) Technology transfer in Europe: public and private networks. London: Belhaven Press.
16. Cohen, Daniel; Gabribaldi, Pietro & Scarpetta, Stefano (2004), the ICT Revolution: Productivity differences and the digital divide. New York: Oxford University Press.
17. Cram, Laura (1997), Policy-making in the European Union: conceptual lenses and the integration process. New York: Routledge.
18. Crew, Michael & Parker, David (eds) (2006), International handbook on economic regulation . Cheltenham, UK : Edward Elgar.
19. Darmer, Michael & Kuyper, Laurens (eds) (2000), Industry and the European Union : analysing policies for business. Cheltenham, UK : Edward Elgar.
20. Dilmus, James D. & Mogab, W. John (eds) (1998) Technology, innovation, and industrial economics : institutionalist perspectives : essays in honor of William E. Cole. Boston : Kluwer Academic Publishers.
21. Dutton, William H. & Peltu, Malcolm(1996), Information and communication technologies: visions and realities. Oxford University Press: New York.
22. Edquist, Charles & Hommen, Leif (eds) (2008), Small country innovation systems: globalization, change and policy in Asia and Europe. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing.
23. Fabel, Oliver; Farina, Francesco & Punzo, Lionello F. (eds) (2000), European Economies in Transition: In Search of a New Growth Path. UK: Macmillan Press LTD.
24. Fransman, Martin (2002), Telecoms in the Internet Age – from Boom to Bust to …?. New York: Oxford University Press.
25. Fransman, Martin (2010), The New ICT Ecosystem: Implications for Policy and Regulation. UK: Cambridge University Press.
26. GmbH and DIW Berlin (2009), An economic assessment of ICT-related industrial policy A Sectoral e-Business Watch study, Final Report Version 4.0, Impact Study No. 4/2009. Principal authors: Stefan Lilischkis, Pio Baake and Irina Suleymanova.
27. Greenwood, Justin (ed.) (2003), Challenge of change in EU business associations. New York: Palgrave/Macmillan.
28. Greenwood, Justin (ed.). (2002), the effectiveness of EU business associations. Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire : Palgrave.
29. Haas, Ernst B. (1964), Beyond the nation-state: functionalism and international organization. Califonia, USA: Stanford University Press.
30. Hagedoorn, John (ed.) (1995), Technical change and the world economy: convergence and divergence in technology strategies. Aldershot, England : Edward Elgar.
31. Heiduk, Günter & Yamamura, Kôzô (eds) (1990), Technological competition and interdependence: the search for policy in the United States, West Germany and Japan. USA: University of Washington Press.
32. Hirschman, A.O. (1970), Exit, Voice and Loyalty, Cambridge, MA. : Harvard University Press.
33. Hirschman, A.O. (1982), Shifting involvements. Private Interests and Public Action, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University.
34. Huffschmid, Jorg (ed.) (2005), Economic Policy for a Social Europe – A Critique of Neo-liberalism and Proposals for Alternatives. Great Britain: Antony Rowe Ltd..
35. Huysman, Marleen & Wulf, Volker (eds) (2004), Social Capital and Information Technology. USA: Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
36. Information Society Statistical Profiles 2009 - Europe v1.01, International Telecommunication Union, Geneva, Switzerland.
37. ISTAG Working Group, European Challenges and Flagships 2020 and beyond. Future and Emerging Technologies, Information Society and Media, European Commission, 2009.
38. Jabko, Nicolas & Parsons, Craig editor (2005), The State of the European Union Vol. 7, with US or against US? European Trends in American Perspective. New York: Oxford University Press.
39. Jabko, Nicolas (2006), Playing the Market: A Political Strategy for Uniting Europe, 1985–2005. Ithaca & London: Cornell University Press.
40. Joseph A. Schumpeter (1939), Business Cycles: A Theoretical, Historical and Statistical Analysis of the Capitalist Process. New York Toronto London: McGraw-Hill Book Company.
41. Kohler–Koch, B. & Eising, R. (1999), The Transformation of Governance in the European Union. London: Routledge.
42. Korres M., George & Bitros, C. George (eds) (1997), Economic integration : limits and prospects. London: Routledge.
43. Korres, George M. (1996), Technical Change and Economic Growth: An Empirical analysis of the EEC. England: Ashgate Publishing Limited.
44. Künneke, Rolf W., Groenewegen, John & Auger, Jean-Francois (2009), The Governance of Network Industries: Institutions, Technology and Policy in Reregulated Infrastructures. UK: Edward Elgar.
45. Lane, Christel(1995), Industry and Society in Europe: stability and change in Britain, Germany and France. UK : Edward Elgar.
46. Lawton Smith, Helen (2006), Universities, innovation and the economy. London : Routledge.
47. Lembke, Johan(c2002), Competition for technological leadership : EU policy for high technology. Cheltenham, UK : Edward Elgar.
48. Lyall, Catherine & Tait, Joyce (eds) (2005), new modes of governance: developing an integrated policy approach to Science, Technology, Risk and the Environment. UK: University of Edinburgh.
49. Macher, Jeffrey T. & Mowery, David C. (eds) (2008), Innovation in global industries: U.S. firms competing in a new world. National Research Council (U.S.), Committee on the Competitiveness and Workforce Needs of U.S, Industry board on Science, Technology, and Economic Policy, Policy and Global Affairs. Washington, D.C.: the National Academies Press.
50. Mackenzie, Donald & Wajcman, Judy (eds) (2002), The social shaping of technology. Philadelphia, Open University Press.
51. Meijers, Huub, Dachs, Bernhard & Welfens, Paul J. J. (eds) (2008), Internationalisation of European ICT activities: dynamics of information and Communications Technology. Berlin Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag.
52. Michael E. Porter and Klaus Schwab (2008), The Global Competitiveness 2008 – 2009. World Economic Forum.
53. Monnet, Jean (1976), Memoires. Paris, Librairie Arthème Fayard.
54. Mowery, David C., & Rosenberg, Nathan (1989), Technology and the Pursuit of Economic Growth. Cambridge University Press, New York.
55. Nauwelaers, Claire & Wintjes, René (eds) (2008), Innovation Policy in Europe: measurement and Strategy. Massachusetts: Edward Elgar Publishing Ltd.
56. OECD Information Technology Outlook: 2008(2009). France, OECD Publishing.
57. OECD Information Technology Outlook: 2010 (2011). France, OECD Publishing.
58. Pelkmans, Jacques (1997), European Integration: methods and economic analysis. New York, USA: Longman Publishing.
59. Peterson, John & Sharp, Margaret (1998), Technology Policy in the European Union. USA: ST. Martin’S Press, INC.
60. Rahman, M. Hakikur (ed.) (2007), Information and communication technologies for economic and regional developments. USA, Idea Group Publishing.
61. Reger, Guido & Kuhlmann Stefan (1995), European Technology Policy in Germany: The Impact of European Community Policies upon Science and Technology in Germany. Germany: Physica-Verlag Heidelberg.
62. Research Directorate General (2001), Towards a European Research Area: Key Figures 2001, Special edition, Indicators for benchmarking of national research policies. European Commission: Research DG - Unit for Competitiveness, Economic Analysis and Indicators.
63. Rodrigues, Maria Joáo (2003), European Policies for a Knowledge Economy. Cheltenham UK: Edward Elgar.
64. Salamon, Lester M. (1995), Partners in public service: Government-nonprofit relations in the modern welfare state. USA: Johns Hopkins University Press.
65. Sandholtz, Wayne & Stone Sweet, Alec (1998), European integration and supranational governance. New York: Oxford University Press Inc..
66. Santangelo, Grazia D. (2002). Innovation in multinational corporations in the information age: the experience of the European ICT industry. Edward Elgar Publishing: USA.
67. Schienstock, Gerd (ed.) (2004) Embracing the knowledge economy: the dynamic transformation of the Finnish innovation system, Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar.
68. Schirato, Tony (2007), Intimations of Sports, Understanding Sports Culture. London: SAGE Publications Ltd.
69. Schmitter, Philippe C.; Mark, Gary; Scharpf, Fritz W. & Streeck Wolfgang (1996), Governance in the European Union. London: SAGE Publications Ltd..
70. Schouw, Oscar (2000), European Policy and Specific Sectors. Darmer, Michael & Kuyper, Laurens (eds), Industry and the European Union - Analysing Policies for Business, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing.
71. Shin, Jang-Sup (1996), The Economics of the Latecomers: Catching-up, technology transfer and institutions in Germany, Japan and South Korea. Routledge Studies in the Growth Economies of Asia. Mew York, USA: Routledge.
72. Stajano, Attilio (2006), Research, Quality, Competitiveness: European Union Technology Policy for the Information Society. USA: Springer Science+Business Media, Inc.
73. Stone Sweet, Alec; Sandholtz, Wayne & Fligstein, Neil (eds) (2001), The Institutionalization of Europe. Oxford Scholarship Online.
74. Svendsen, Gert Tinggaard (c2003), The political economy of the European Union: institutions, policy, and economic growth. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing.
75. Tenbücken, Marc. (c2002), Corporate lobbying in the European Union: strategies of multinational companies. Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang.
76. Tilly, H. Richard, Welfens, Paul J. J. & Heise Michael (eds) (2007), 50 years of EU economic dynamics: integration, financial markets, and Innovations. Berlin Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag.
77. Turlea, Geomina & Bogdanowicz, Mark (eds) (2007), EU Enlargement: Economic Development and the Information Society. Brussels, Vubpress, Brussels University Press.
78. Ulbrich, Martin & Turlea, Geomina (eds) (2007), The Internationalisation of European ICT Activities. European Commission: Directorate-General Joint Research Centre, Institute for Prospective Technological Studies
79. Warntjen, Andreas & Wonka, Arndt (eds) (2004), Governance in Europe: the Role of Interest Groups. Barden-Barden: Die Deutsche Bibiliothek.
80. William Cannell(1996), Introduction: Technology Management as a Focus for Public Policy. Technology Management and Public Policy in the European Union, New York: Oxford University Press.
81. Zysman, John & Newman, Abraham (eds) (2006), How Revolutionary Was the Digital Revolution? National Responses, Market Transitions, and Global Technology, Palo Alto, CA: Stanford University Press.
Articles
82. Akman, Pinar & Kassim, Hussein(2010), Myths and Myth-Making in the European Union: the Institutionalization and Interpretation of EU Competition Policy. Journal of Common Market Studies (JCMS), Vol. 48. No.1, pp. 111-132.
83. Andreosso-O’Callaghan, Bernadette & Lenihan, Helena (2006), Is Ireland a Role Model for SME Development in the New EU Member States? European Integration, Vol. 28, No. 3, pp. 277–303.
84. Annual Report 2008, bwin Interactive Entertainment AG. https://media.itsfogo.com/media/sccwupload/Files/Annual%20Reports/bwin_GB08_en.pdf
85. Arnold, Erik & Kuusisto, Jari (eds) (2002), Government innovation support for commercialization of research new R&D performers and R&D networks, Technology Review 121. Helsinki: Tekes, National Technology Agency.
86. Barrios, Salvador & Burgelman, Jean-Claude (2007), Information and Communication Technologies, Market Rigidities and Growth: Implications for EU Policies. Luxembourg: Institute for Prospective Technological Studies, Joint Research Centre, European Commission.
87. Borra′s, Susana & Jacobsson, Kerstin, The open method of co-ordination and new governance patterns in the EU. Journal of European Public Policy 11:2 April 2004, pp. 185–208.
88. Borrás, Susana & Jacobsson, Kerstin (2004), The open method of co-ordination
89. Borrás, Susana (2009), the Politics of the Lisbon Strategy: the Changing role of the Commission. West European Politics, 32:1, pp. 97 – 118.
90. Bottazzi, Laura & Da Rin, Marco (2002), Venture Capital in Europe and the Financing of Innovative Companies, Economic Policy, v.34, pp. 229-269.
91. Breschi, Stefano; Cassi, Lorenzo; Malerba, Franco & Vonortas, Nicholas S., (2009) Networked research: European policy intervention in ICTs. Technology Analysis & Strategic Management, Abingdon: Vol. 21, Iss. 7. pp. 833-857.
92. Camagni, Roberto & Capello, Roberta(2005), ICTs and territorial competitiveness in the era of internet, The Annals of Regional Science, Vol. 39, pp. 421-438.
93. Cantwell, John & Santangelo, Grazia D. (1999), The frontier of international technology networks: sourcing abroad the most highly tacit capabilities, Information Economics and Policy, Vol. 11, pp. 101–123.
94. Carbone, Maurizio (2008), Mission Impossible: the European Union and Policy Coherence for Development. European Integration, Vol. 30. No. 3, pp. 323–342.
95. Coen, David & Dannreuther, Charles (2003), Differentiated Europeanization: Large and Small Firms in the EU Policy Process. Featherstone, Kevin & Radaelli, Claudio Maria (eds) (2003), The politics of Europeanization. New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 255–278.
96. Cristina P.F. CHEN(2006), Deepening of EU: The European Research Area and Its Emerging Role, European Constitution and European Integration, 2nd Edition edited by Chong-ko, Peter Tzou, Taipei, Graduate Institute of European Studies, Tamkang University, pp. 221-244.
97. Czarnitzki, Dirk, Ebersberger Bernd, & Fier, Andreas (2004), The Relationship between R&D Collaboration, Subsidies and Patenting Activity: Empirical Evidence from Finland and Germany. ZEW Discussion Paper No. 04-37. Berlin: ZEW.
98. Dachs, Bernhard & Weber, Matthias (2008), Policy Analysis and Policy Conclusions, Meijers, Huub, Dachs, Bernhard & Welfens, Paul J. J. (eds) (2008), Internationalisation of European ICT activities: dynamics of information and Communications Technology. Berlin Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag, pp. 200 – 216.
99. Davies, Eric (2003) Towards a more effective EU innovation policy. ProQuest Information and Learning. In Focus 14.4.03.
100. De Jong, J. P. J., W. Vanhaverbeke, T. Klavet & H. Chesbrough (2008), Policies for Open Innovation: Theory, Framework and Cases, Research project funded by VISION Era-Net, Helsinki: Finland.
101. Dutta, Soumitra & Mia, Irene (eds) (2008), The Global Information Technology Report 2007-2008, Fostering Innovation through Networked Readiness. Geneva: World Economic Forum and INSEAD.
102. Dutta, Soumitra & Mia, Irene (eds) (2010), The Global Information Technology Report 2009–2010, ICT for Sustainability. Geneva: World Economic Forum and INSEAD.
103. Ernst, Dieter (2006), “Upgrading through Innovation in a Small Network Economy: Insights from Taiwan’s IT industry”, paper submitted to Workshop on High Tech Regions 2.0, Stanford University, November 13 and 14.
104. Ernst, Dieter (2006), Innovation Offshoring - Asia's Emerging Role in Global Innovation Networks, East-West Center Special Reports Number 10, jointly published with the U.S.-Asia Pacific Council.
105. Ernst, Dieter (2009), A New Geography of Knowledge in the Electronics Industry? -Asia’s Role in Global Innovation Networks, Policy Studies 54, Honolulu, Hawaii, East-West Center.
106. Europe's Digital Competitiveness Report (2009), Volume 1: i2010 — Annual Information Society Report 2009, Benchmarking i2010: Trends and main achievements, SEC (2009) 1103, {COM (2009) 390}, Brussels.
107. Europe's Digital Competitiveness Report (2009), Volume 2: i2010 — ICT Country Profiles, SEC (2009) 1104, {COM (2009) 390}, Brussels.
108. Gaspar, Pal & Jaksa, Anna Renata (2007), Hungary. Țurlea, Geomina & Bogdanowicz, Mark (eds) (2007), EU Enlargement: Economic Development and the Information Society. Brussels, VUBPRESS, Brussels University Press, pp. 145 – 170.
109. Georghiou, Luke (2001), Evolving frameworks for European collaboration in research and technology, Research Policy Vol. 30, pp. 891-903.
110. Geradin, Damien (2005), European and American Approaches to Antitrust Remedies and the Institutional Design of Regulation in Telecommunications. Majumdar, Sumit K.; Vogelsang, Ingo & Cave, Martin E. (eds) (2005), Handbook of Telecommunication Economics, Volume 2. Elsevier B.V, pp. 517 – 553.
111. Gerhard Michael Ambrosi (2004), Keynes and Mitrany as instigators of European Governance, University of Trier, from http://www.uni-trier.de/ambrosi/publik/Keynes-Mitrany.pdf.
112. Golding, Peter (2000), Forthcoming Features: Information and Communications Technologies and the Sociology of the Future. Sociology Vol. 34, No. 1, pp. 165–184.
113. Hansen, S.L. & Sijde, P.C. van der & Kokkeler, B. (2002) “Regional Development and the European Consortium of Innovative Universities”, Industry & Higher Education 16(2), pp. 77-81
114. Harindranath, G. (2008), ICT in a Transition Economy: The Case of Hungary, Journal of Global Information Technology Management, Vol. 11 Issue 4, pp. 33-55.
115. Heurlin, Martti af (2008), Implementing National Innovation Policy in Open Global Environment – case Finland. 2008 International Conference on Industrial Technology Innovation: Global and Open Innovation. August 21st and 22nd 2008 Taipei.
116. Hirsch-Kreinsen, H.& Jacobson, D.& Laestadius, S.& Smith, K. (2003) Low-Tech Industries and the Knowledge Economy: State of the Art and Research Challenges, (http://www.step.no/reports/Y2003/1603.pdf), pp. 1- 43
117. Humphreys, Peter & Simpson, Seamus(2008), Globalization, the ‘competition’ state and the rise of the ‘regulatory’ state in European telecommunications, Journal of Common Market Studies, Vol. 46, N. 4, pp. 849 – 874.
118. Hyytinen, Ari, Paija, Laura, Rouvinen, Petri & Yla-Anttila, Pekka (2006), Finland’s Emergence as a Global Information and Communications Technology Player: Lessons from the Finnish Wireless Cluster. Zysman, John & Newman, Abraham (eds) (2006) How revolutionary was the digital revolution? : national responses, market transitions, and global technology. California: Stanford University Press, pp. 55-77.
119. J. Cave, C. van Oranje, R. Schindler, A. Shehabi, PH-B. Brutscher, N. Obinson (2009), Trends inconnectivity technologies and their socioeconomic impacts, Final report of the study: Policy Options for the Ubiquitous Internet Society. TR-776-EC, Prepared for DG Information Society and Media.
120. Kaitila, Ville & Kotilaninen, Markku (2008), Not just Nokia: Finland. Edquist, Charles & Hommen, Leif (ed.) (2008), Small country innovation systems: globalization, change and policy in Asia and Europe. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing, pp. 355 – 401.
121. Kuhlmann, Stefan (2001), Future governance of innovation policy in Europe—three scenarios, Research Policy, Volume: 30, Issue: 6, pp. 953-976.
122. Lanvin, Bruno; Mancera, Daniel Torres & Busquets, Javier (2010), Promoting Information Societies in Complex Environments: An In-Depth-Look at Spain’s Plan Avanza, pp. 127-140.
123. Lepkowski, W. (1994), European Union Sets Competitiveness Vision for the 21st Century”, Chemical and Engineering News, pp. 46-47.
124. Lodge, Martin (2007), Comparing Non-Hierarchical Governance in Action: the Open Method of Co-ordination in Pensions and Information Society, Journal of Common Market Studies, Vol.45. No2, pp. 343–365.
125. MacMillan, Catherine (2009). The Application of Neofunctionalism to the Enlargement Process: the case of Turkey, Journal of Common Market Studies (JCMS), Vol. 47. No.4, pp. 789-809.
126. Mathur, Piyush (2009), Environmental Communication in the Information Society: the Blueprint from Europe. The Information Society, 25, pp. 119-138.
127. Mcguinness, Nina & O’carroll, Conor (2010), Benchmarking Europe’s Lab Benches: How Successful has the OMC been in Research Policy? Journal of Common Market Studies, Vol. 48, No2, pp. 293–318.
128. Measuring the Information Society 2010, ITU-D, International Telecommunication Union, Geneva Switzerland.
129. Meyer-Krahmer, Frieder & Reger, Guido (1999), New perspectives on the innovation strategies of multinational enterprises: lessons for technology policy in Europe. Research Policy Volume: 28, Issue: 7, September. pp. 751-776
130. Molle, W. (2009), European Innovation Policy: Increased Effectiveness through Coordination with Cohesion Policy. Molle, W. & Djarova, J. (eds) (2009) Enhancing the Effectiveness of Innovation: New Roles for Key Players, Cheltenham, Edward Elgar, pp. 167-200.
131. Monitory Industrial Research: 2009 EU Industrial R&D Investment Scoreboard (2009), JRC 54920, JRC-IPTS, European Communities.
132. Nelson, Richard & Wright, Gavin (1992), The Rise and Fall of American Technological Leadership: The Postwar Era in Historical Perspective, Journal of Economic Literature Vol. XXX, pp. 1931-1964.
133. North, Douglass (1989), Institutions and economic growth: An historical introduction, World Development, Volume 17, Issue 9, pp. 1319-1332.
134. O’Mally, Eoin; Hewitt-Dundas, Nola & Roper, Stephen(2008), High growth and innovation with low R&D: Ireland. Small country innovation systems: globalization, change and policy in Asia and Europe. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing, pp. 156 – 193.
135. OECD (2009), Policy Responses to the Economic Crisis: Investing in Innovation for Long-Term Growth. Paris: OECD.
136. Paija, Laura & Rouvinen, Petri (2004), The evolution of the Finnish ICT cluster. Schienstock, Gerd (ed.) (2004), Embracing the knowledge economy: the dynamic transformation of the Finnish Innovation System. UK: Edward Elgar Publishing Limited, pp. 47 - 64.
137. Perez, Carlota (2007), Great Surges of development and alternative forms of globalization, Working papers in Technology Governance and Economic Dynamics No.15, The Other Canon Foundation, Norway & Tallinn University of Technology, Tallinn.
138. Perez, Carlota (2007), Great Surges of development and alternative forms of globalization. Dos Santos, Theotonio & Martins, Carlos Eduardo (eds) (2007) Long Duration and Conjuncture in Contemporary Capitalism. REGGEN-UNESCO/UNU: Universidad Federal de Santa Catarina.
139. Piatkowski, Marcin (2006), Can Information and Communication Technologies Make a Difference in the Development of Transition Economies? The Massachusetts Institute of Technology Information Technologies and International Development, Volume 3, Number 1, Fall 2006, pp. 39–53.
140. Pihkala, T. & Ylinenpaa, H. & Vesalainen, J., (2002) Innovation Barriers amongst Clusters of European SMEs, Int. J. Entrepreneurship and Innovation Management, 2(6), pp. 520-536.
141. Rebeggiani, Luca (2009), the Liga Portuguesa Decision of the European Court of Justice – An Economist’s View, Rivista di Diritto de Economia Dello Sport, Vol. C. Fasc. 3, pp. 111-122.
142. Rigaut, Aloys (2001-2002), The development of venture Capital fundraising in Europe Evidence across countries, prospects and policy issues. Economics Department Master Thesis, European Economic Studies, College of Europe.
143. Santangelo, Grazia D. (2000), Corporate strategic technological partnerships in the European information and communications technology industry. Research Policy Volume: 29, Issue: 9, December. pp. 1015-1031.
144. Santangelo, Grazia D.(2000), Corporate strategic technological partnerships in the European information and communications technology industry, Research Policy Vol.29, Issue 9, pp. 1015-1031.
145. Schaaper, Martin (2007), Measuring the Use and Impact of ICT-The OECD perspective, Economic Analysis and Statistics Division, Directorate for Science, Technology and Industry, OECD, 2007 Partnership Forum on Measuring Information Society, Taipei.
146. Schaffers, Hans; Merz, Christian & Garcia, Guzman Javier (2009), Living Labs as Instruments for Business and Social Innovation in Rural Areas, the European Commission through IST Project, No. IST-2006-34921.
147. Servaes, J. & Heinderyckx, F. (2002), The 'new' ICT environment in Europe: Closing or Widening the Gaps? , Telematics and Informatics, 19(2), pp. 91-115.
148. Smailes, R. & Cooper, S.Y. & Keogh, W. (2002), Supporting University Enterprise: The Scottish and US Experience, Int. J. Entrepreneurship and Innovation Management, 2(4/5), pp. 354-372.
149. Storey, D.J. & Tether, B.S. (1998), Public policy measures to support new technology-based firms in the European Union. Research Policy Volume: 26, Issue: 9, April. pp. 1037-1057.
150. Sturm, Roland & Weinmann, Georg (eds) (2000), The Information Society and the Regions in Europe, Baden-Baden : Nomos, pp. 24-47.
151. Tijssen, Robert J.W. & van Wijk, Erik (1999), In search of the European Paradox: an international comparison of Europe's scientific performance and knowledge flows in information and communication technologies research. Research Policy Volume: 28, Issue: 5, June. pp. 519-543.
152. Title VIII of the SAFE Port Act (2006), Public Law No. 109-347, 120 Stat. 1884.
153. Van Winden, Willem; Van Der Meer, André; Van Den Berg, Leo (2004), The development of ICT clusters in European cities: towards a typology. International Journal of Technology Management, Vol. 28. Issue 3-6, pp. 356-387.
154. Wieland, Thomas (2006), Innovation Culture, Technology Policy and the Uses of History, paper for the International ProACT Conference, Innovation Pressure. Tampere, Finland.
155. Wieland, Thomas (2006), Innovation Culture, Technology Policy and the Uses of History. Paper of the International ProACT Conference, Innovation Pressure, 15-17 March 2006. Tampere, Finland.
156. Wincott, D. (1998), Does the European Union pervert democracy? Questions of democracy in new constitutionalist thought on the future of Europe. European Law Review, 4, pp. 411-428.
157. WSIS-05/TUNIS/DOC/6 (rev. 1). Tunis Agenda for the Information Society. Second Phase of the WSIS (16-18 November 2005, Tunis).
158. Zaunberger, Karin & Kerner, Wolfgang (1999), Strategies and policies on research training in Europe. Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities.
論文使用權限
  • 同意紙本無償授權給館內讀者為學術之目的重製使用,於2011-08-11公開。
  • 同意授權瀏覽/列印電子全文服務,於2011-08-11起公開。


  • 若您有任何疑問,請與我們聯絡!
    圖書館: 請來電 (02)2621-5656 轉 2281 或 來信