|| The Wuhan National Government was formally established on January 1, 1927 to call upon all the revolutionaries home and abroad with common goals and aspirations to strive for the country's freedom and equality in the international world and the establishment of a new China in response to the "Nation-building Strategy", "Outline of Nation-building," and "the Three People's Principles" proposed by Sun Yat-sen. This had given rise to the "Joint Declaration by Sun Yat-sen and Joffe" in January 1923, which opened the strategic partnership between the Kuomintang (KMT) and the Communist Party.
The "National Government of Wuhan", the product of the partnership between the Kuomintang and the Communist Party, had its own "historical significance" and "particularity." In the context of warlord dogfight and invasion of the imperialist powers, the Wuhan National Government only survived to August 19, 1927, lasting for less than one year. During this period, the Wuhan National Government made efforts to combine the political ideas of both the Communist Party and the Kuomintang to carry out anti-imperialist, anti-warlordism, and workers and peasants movement to revive China while adhering to the guidance of the Three People's Principles. The spirit of nonpartisan cooperation and concerted efforts by the Kuomintang and the Communist Party embodied in this period had given this Government profound historical significance and value.
However, the principles and methods held by the Communist Party differed from that of the Kuomintang. The program of the Kuomintang was “To expel the northern barbarians and to revive Zhonghua, to establish a republic, and to distribute land equally among the people” while the Communist Party devoted themselves "To establish the leadership of the workers and peasants class and achieve the social system of communism". Despite of the difference between the ideas of the two parties, Sun Yat-sen proposed "the Three People's Principles" to serve as the highest guiding principle to coordinate the efforts of the two parties to achieve the common goal of reviving China and fight against the imperialist powers.
The core creed of the cooperation between the Kuomintang and the Communist Party included the "The Kuomintang Reforms", "The Establishment of Leadership System", and "Organizational Pattern". The four top principles had brought a fundamental key influence on the development of the Kuomintang and the Communist Party before and after the Northern Expedition and even during the period of Wuhan National Government.
The nonpartisan cooperation and concerted efforts made had brought unprecedented sweet fruit to the revolutionaries at the beginning of the establishment of the Wuhan National Government. However, the regime saw irretrievable rift in less than three months and collapsed in less than a year. The crucial reasons lied in the opposition and conflicts arising from the widely different "concept", "ideology" and "support of the people" held by the two parties. "The conflicts between the Kuomintang and the Communist Party" as well as "the contradictions between Leftists and Rightists within KMT" had contributed to the short period of the Wuhan National Government. The tremendous difference in their "basic idea", "system" and "ultimate goal" between the Kuomintang and the Communist Party as well as the stand-point and opinions of Chiang Kai-shek within the KMT had given rise to the increasingly serious conflicts, which had ultimately led to the splitting of the two parties.