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中文論文名稱 台灣老年人移民美國適應過程之研究
英文論文名稱 The Migratory Grief and Process of Adapting to North American Culture of Elderly Taiwanese Immigrants in the United States
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 美洲研究所碩士班
系所名稱(英) Master's Program, Graduate Institute of the Americas
學年度 100
學期 1
出版年 101
研究生中文姓名 朱庭儀
研究生英文姓名 Ting-Yi Chu
電子信箱 ting.yi.c@gmail.com
學號 696250215
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
口試日期 2012-01-02
論文頁數 80頁
口試委員 指導教授-李本京
委員-周一騰
委員-郭岱宗
中文關鍵字 老年移民  悲傷  孝順  儒家思想  網際網路 
英文關鍵字 elderly immigrants  grief  filial piety  Confuscianism  the Internet 
學科別分類
中文摘要 老化這個過程是個無可避免的生理現象,所謂老化,是指一個人隨著時間流逝所發生非歸因於疾病的變化之總和。但過程中除了老化本身的影響之外,還可能受到環境、生活型態、棄用或疾病等其他因素的影響。此篇研究調查專注於台灣老年人移居美國生活後適應的程度。美國長久一來被視為移民者的天堂和退休養老的好去處,但對於不受西式教育的老年人而言,美國的生活環境是否能讓他們適應成為此研究的重點。

對移民者來說,移居到外地必須適應當地的環境,新的文化也會帶來一定的衝擊。移民者需花時間適應,適應的時間長短不盡相同,但對於老年移民來說又更為艱難了一些。老年移民除了要顧及對新文化的吸收,此外還要面對老化可能帶來的不便。移居者會經歷不同程度上和家人及朋友分離的痛苦,對老年人來說更是如此,此時悲傷、生氣、沮喪等等的情緒一一浮現。

根據Pederson的理論,文化衝擊可分為五個階段:蜜月期、分離期、和解期、自治期、互存期。此篇研究探討了移民在這五個階段實際的生活適應情況,並加以分析移民美國的移居者的生活品質。此研究也探討對台灣老年移民的協助,使移居者能加速適應新環境。
英文摘要 When people move from one place to another, it takes time to get used to a new environment. It seems that the immigrants were experiencing the pain of separation and loss of homeland. The degree, timing, and manifestation of their grief varied. There are some important factors that determine it, such as language, cultural background, and age. Even though, the United States is rated to be one of the best countries to migrate to for retirement. Some elderly Taiwanese that are used to live in a different background than a Western culture may experience culture shock and have a hard time adjusting to their new lives since they are not able to complete daily tasks. Elderly Taiwanese immigrants may be confronted with situations such as, grief, anger, and depression. However, immigrants of all ages can encounter this paradox. As for younger generations, the process of getting used to a new life can be faster since it is easier for them to adapt new ideas and concepts.

Based on the theory of Pedersen, there are five stages of culture shock, the honeymoon stage, the disintegration stage, the reintegration stage, the autonomy stage, and finally the interdependence stage. Immigrants go through each of the stage by time. Speaking of aging, it happens to everyone inevitably. Aging is commonly defined as the accumulation of diverse deleterious changes occurring in cells and tissues with advancing age that are responsible for the increased risk of disease and death. With the increasing risk of disease and death, there are more things older adults need to worry about when migrating to an unknown country since elderly people tend to have problem of disability at some point of their elderhood.

In this research, I would like to observe the reasons that lead elderly Taiwanese immigrants to migratory grief even when they voluntarily migrate by themselves by examining their life style both in the United States and in Taiwan. Also, I will analyze their changes after immigration. By comparing different traditional values and lifestyle, readers can have a better understanding for the conflicts. In the end, I will also observe the way to sooth the grief and adjust to the host country quicker.
論文目次 Table of Contents
The Migratory Grief and Process of Adapting to North American Culture of Elderly Taiwanese Immigrants in the United States

Chapter One: Introduction----------------------------------1
The Main Problem and Motivations---------------------------1
Chapter Division-------------------------------------------6
Methodology------------------------------------------------8
Limitation-------------------------------------------------9
Chapter Two: Background of the Immigrants and Immigration-10
Taiwanese Immigrants within the United States-------------10
Why Taiwanese are Appealing to Migrant to the United States ---------------------------------------------------14
Filial Piety Concept of Chinese Culture-------------------22
Chapter Three: The Grief and Stress among the Elder Taiwanese Immigrant --------------------------------------28
Elderly Care----------------------------------------------28
Transportation--------------------------------------------33
Language Barrier------------------------------------------37
Culture Shock---------------------------------------------49
Chapter Four: Looking Beyond the Immigration--------------47
The Process of Healing------------------------------------58
The Needs of the Elders-----------------------------------64
Chapter Five: Summary and Conclusion----------------------53
Bibliography----------------------------------------------55
Table 1: Age Structure of Taiwan---------------------------2
Table 2: Age Structure of the United States----------------3
Table 3: Medical Care-------------------------------------25
Table 4: The Websites Related to the Elderly--------------59
Table 5: The Websites Elderly Taiwanese Immigrants Browse-62
Chart 1: The Economy Dependency of Retired Taiwanese------32
Chart 2: The Economy Dependency of Retired Americans------32
Chart 3: Language Barrier of Taiwanese--------------------43
Chart 4: The Friends of Elderly Taiwanese Immigrants in the U.S. -----------------------------------------------------43
Chart 5: The Internet Usage-------------------------------47
Chart 6: The Languages of the Website Elderly Taiwanese Immigrants Use--------------------------------------------48
Chart 7: The Purposes of Surfing the Internet-------------49
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Chinese Resources
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嚴博文。美加移民 All Pass。台北市:商訊文化,民國九十六年。
營志宏。美國移民法。台北市:揚智文化,民國九十三年。
吳劍雄。海外移民與華人社會。台北市:允晨文化,民國八十二年
期刊:
刁仁國。「九一一事件後美國移民政策初探」,國境警察學報,民國九十七年十二月,頁一百零三至一百三十二。

報紙:
編譯組。「美研究:冷落辱罵 華裔老人普遍受虐」。聯合報,民國九十九年十二月三十一號。
網路資訊:
李珍玉。「911華人傷幾何?紐約華埠各行業苦苦支撐」。http://www.chinareviewnews.com/doc/1007/4/5/2/100745201.html?coluid=0&kindid=0&docid=100745201&mdate=0913105923, ,中國新聞社,民國九十七年九月十三號。
鄭若麟。「李文和案如何變成一樁大案?」。 http://big5.china.com.cn/chinese/HIAW/5161.htm, ,文匯報,民國八十九年九月十一號。
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