||The Transforming Governance through EU Integration Process-Take EMU as Case Study in the Context of Leftist Approach
||Graduate Institute of European Studies
||This dissertation is aimed to focus on the theoretic discussion to study the European integration. From time to time, European integration was mainly interpreted under the traditional approaches; mainly the neofunctionalism and intergovernmentalism (the sequence of realism) occupied the European study. However the globalization since 1980s is strongly impacting each national economy, and the most advanced regionalization, European integration also faced a revival after a decade of “stagnation”.
Certainly the historical matters happens in the period could be analyzed respectively, but the European integration was and is a proceeding regionalization, the driving force being behind it to move, suspend and re-start the international governance caused the interest of this dissertation. In particular, EMU represents as the most impressive achievement in the 45 years of integration, the old idea mentioned first in 1970s and materialized in 1990s, what kind of elements to formulate the different result of the same plan? And in the different epochs, what does the EMU for the European people? Why the traditional approaches cannot sufficiently explain the interruption when it smoothly progress in early 1960s and 70s.
Hence, this dissertation proposes the research question to investigate the driving force of European re-integration since 1980s, and try to analyze the integration in the un-prevailing lens of the leftist theory: Market Civilization, which interpret the social transformation in the context of global political economy, which the traditional approaches are neglected to analyzed as the contextual frame.
This dissertation takes EMU as the case example to analyze the driving force of the revival of European integration through the governance transformation, and the impact of EMU governance for the European people’s daily life, which focus on the public social service policy.
This dissertation found that the leftist approach, Market Civilization, based on the historical materialism is the relatively suitable to interpret the European integration against the restructure of globalization, and the benefits of applying the Market Civilization are mainly to provide us the insights of changing social struggles and compromise, which are more closely reflect to the ordinary people’s daily life and reality.
||Chapter One: Introduction: A review of contemporary European integration from the perspective of political economy 1
Section 1: Introduction and definition 1
Section 2: Research hypothesis and Research question 6
Section 3: Research objectives, methodology, and method 10
Section 4: The structure of this dissertation 13
Chapter Two: The Framework of Theory: A literature review of the theories of European Integration 17
Section 1: Conventional approaches to the analysis of European integration: Intergovernmentalism and Neo-functionalism 17
Section 2: The alternative approach: The Theory of Market Civilisation 30
Section 3: The European integration and market civilization 43
Section 4: Conclusion: the social forces and theory of market civilization 49
Chapter Three: The Political and Economc History of European Integration 55
Section 1: The European integration in the post-war era: 1950-1973 55
Section 2: The stagnation of European integration and transformation in world economy: 1973-1983 61
Section 3:The relaunch of European integration: 1980 and onwards 67
Section 4: Conclusion 74
Chapter Four: The Economic and Monetary Union: A structural review 79
Section 1: The meaning of Economic and Monetary Union 79
Section 2: The practices of EMU project 81
Section3: Conclusion 90
Chapter Five: The Analysis of EMU in the Context of Theory of Market Civilization 93
Section 1: Review of EMU and world order 93
Section 2: EMU and the emergence of transnational capital 95
Section 3: Market civilisation effects on state form in EMU 101
Section 4: Conclusion 105
Chapter Six: The Changes in the Public Service Policy after EMU 107
Section 1: The market principles in welfare state 107
Section 2: The prevailing practices for social services under EMU governance 111
Section 4: Conclusion 117
Chapter Seven: Conclusion 123
Section 1: General Discoveries: New protectionism for transnational capital in EMU 123
Section 2: Contributions of this study through theory of Market civilization 125
Section 3: A Leftist Perspective in IPE: the expectation for future investigation 124
Section 4: Conclusion: Regionalization and Globalization: the story is not ended 127
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