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中文論文名稱 結合常態分佈診斷機制之適性化測驗系統
英文論文名稱 Adaptive Testing System for the Combination of Diagnosis Mechanism and Normal Distribution
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 資訊工程學系資訊網路與通訊碩士班
系所名稱(英) Master's Program in Networking and Communications, Department of Computer Science and Information En
學年度 98
學期 2
出版年 99
研究生中文姓名 黃兆陽
研究生英文姓名 Chao-Yang Huang
學號 697420650
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
第二語文別 英文
口試日期 2010-07-20
論文頁數 106頁
口試委員 指導教授-王英宏
委員-王英宏
委員-洪啟舜
委員-林其誼
中文關鍵字 電腦測驗  電腦適性化測驗  標準差  診斷測驗 
英文關鍵字 Computer-Based Testing  Computer Adaptive Testing  Standard Deviation  Diagnosis Test 
學科別分類 學科別應用科學資訊工程
中文摘要 在數位學習的範疇中,藉由網路作為媒介應用在電腦教學與電腦測驗上,是現今在數位學習裡常見的幾個教學方式。在電腦測驗方面,相較於傳統的紙筆測驗,電腦測驗除了可以節省老師在測驗上批改的時間,它在整個測驗流程和步驟,也比傳統的測驗方式有更多的變化,它使得測驗不再只是單純的回答問題,老師可以經由電腦給予學生更多不同的資訊。而電腦適性化測驗,除了擁有電腦測驗的優點外,還可以針對不同的學生程度,給予符合學生程度的題目,這個特點更是傳統紙筆測驗無法取代的地方。藉由不同難度的題目,我們可以了解學生在測驗過程中能力值的變化。在本系統中,我們除了建置一個適性化測驗系統外,並將學生在測驗過程中能力值與難度的變化,利用標準差分析的方式,去診斷學生在測驗過程中的問題點,藉由此系統的測驗,學生不但可以了解自己的能力值落點,還可以找出自己在試題中有問題的領域。
英文摘要 In distance learning, there are more and more teaching methods which are used via internet technology, such as computer-based teaching and computer-based testing. In computer-based testing, it not only reduces the correct time of instructors but also give students various changes in computer-based testing. It makes assessment not only a simple answer, but gives students more information about the tests. The computer adaptive testing includes the advantage of computer-based testing and also gives students different difficulty of testing item by student’s level. This feature can’t replaced by traditional pencil and paper test. Due to the different difficulty of testing item, we can understand the ability of students in class. In this paper, we proposed an adaptive testing system. And we use standard deviation to analyze student’s test results. Teacher can understand the status of students during the test and also estimate student’s ability in this system. Besides, students can realize the learning problems of themselves via the analyzed results.
論文目次 目錄
第一章 緒論............................................................................................... 1
1.1研究背景 ........................................................................................ 1
1.2研究動機與目的 ........................................................................... 3
1.3論文組織架構 ............................................................................... 5
第二章 相關研究探討 .............................................................................. 7
2.1電腦化適性測驗 ............................................................................ 7
2.2試題反應理論 .............................................................................. 11
2.3相關演算法 ................................................................................. 14
2.3.1最大概似估計法 ............................................................... 14
2.3.2適性選題法 ....................................................................... 14
2.4相關測試系統及平台 ................................................................. 18
2.4.1國內相關測試系統及平台 ............................................... 18
2.4.2國外相關測試系統及平台 ............................................... 27
第三章 研究方法與系統架構分析 ........................................................ 29
3.1開發概念 ..................................................................................... 29
3.2研究方法 ..................................................................................... 30
3.2.1系統原理及測驗流程 ....................................................... 30
3.2.2試題校正過程 ................................................................... 43
3.3系統架構及分析 ......................................................................... 53
第四章 系統實作 .................................................................................... 59
4.1系統介面與操作說明.................................................................. 59
4.1.1學生測試頁面 ................................................................... 59
4.1.2老師功能頁面 ................................................................... 62
4.1.3資料庫 ............................................................................... 65
第五章 系統實作實驗 ............................................................................ 68
5.1問卷設計 ...................................................................................... 68
5.2實驗測驗內容 .............................................................................. 69
5.3實驗對象及測驗時間.................................................................. 70
5.4實驗結果 ...................................................................................... 70
第六章 結論與未來展望 ........................................................................ 75
6.1結論 .............................................................................................. 75
6.2未來展望 ...................................................................................... 76
參考文獻 ................................................................................................... 77
附錄一 測驗試題 .................................................................................... 80
附錄二 問卷調查 .................................................................................. 101
附錄三 英文論文 .................................................................................. 102
圖目錄
圖1、選擇測驗種類介面 ..................................................................... 18
圖2、系統測驗介面1.......................................................................... 19
圖3、系統測驗介面2.......................................................................... 20
圖4、系統測驗結果 ............................................................................ 20
圖5、碁峰線上測驗系統 ..................................................................... 23
圖6、碁峰線上測驗介面 ..................................................................... 23
圖7、碁峰線上測驗系統受測畫面 ..................................................... 24
圖8、國中基本學力測驗參考試題-數學 ............................................ 25
圖9、大學入學考試中心學科能力測驗-英文試題 ............................. 25
圖10、全華圖書線上題測網-題庫選擇畫面 ...................................... 26
圖11、全華圖書線上題測網-中華民國憲法試題畫面 ....................... 27
圖12、CAREERTECH TESTING CENTER測試畫面 .......................................... 28
圖13、測驗流程圖 .............................................................................. 32
圖14、二分法編製結果圖 ................................................................... 36
圖15、判斷訊息量最大試題是否重覆測驗之流程圖 ........................ 38
圖16、學生使用流程圖 ....................................................................... 41
圖17、二分法編製結果(一元一次方程式) ......................................... 44
圖18、試題參數(一元一次方程式) ..................................................... 45
圖19、二分法編製結果(正負數與整數運算) ..................................... 46
圖20、試題參數(正負數與整數運算) ................................................. 47
圖21、二分法編製結果(分數的運算) ................................................. 48
圖22、試題參數(分數的運算) ............................................................ 48
圖23、二分法編製結果(因數與倍數) ................................................. 49
圖24、試題參數(因數與倍數) ............................................................ 50
圖25、二分法編製結果(指數律與科學記號) ..................................... 50
圖26、試題參數(指數律與科學記號) ................................................. 51
圖27、一元一次方程式試題參數迭代過程圖 .................................... 52
圖28、試題編製流程圖 ....................................................................... 53
圖29、系統架構圖 .............................................................................. 54
圖30、學生測驗架構圖 ....................................................................... 55
圖31、老師檢視架構圖 ....................................................................... 56
圖32、整體系統流程圖 ....................................................................... 57
圖33、關聯式資料庫 .......................................................................... 58
圖34、系統註冊及登入介面 ............................................................... 59
圖35、初始能力估計頁面 ................................................................... 60
圖36、二次估計能力值之測試頁面1 ................................................ 61
圖37、二次估計能力值之測試頁面2 ................................................ 61
圖38、教師登入頁面 .......................................................................... 63
圖39、試題輸入頁面 .......................................................................... 63
圖40、老師檢視頁面圖 ....................................................................... 64
圖41、試題資料表 .............................................................................. 65
圖42、使用者資訊資料表 ................................................................... 66
圖43、測驗資訊資料表 ....................................................................... 67
圖44、科技接受模型 .......................................................................... 68
表目錄
表1、易用性調查結果 ......................................................................... 71
表2、實用性調查結果 ......................................................................... 72
表3、使用態度調查結果 ..................................................................... 73
表4、行為意願調查結果 ..................................................................... 74

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