淡江大學覺生紀念圖書館 (TKU Library)
進階搜尋


下載電子全文限經由淡江IP使用) 
系統識別號 U0002-0508200914073100
中文論文名稱 丙烯酸酯共聚物製備在織物染色之探討
英文論文名稱 Preparations of Acylate Copolymers for Dyeing Textile Applications
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 化學學系碩士班
系所名稱(英) Department of Chemistry
學年度 97
學期 2
出版年 98
研究生中文姓名 涂瀚云
研究生英文姓名 Han-Yun Tu
學號 696160075
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
口試日期 2009-07-05
論文頁數 84頁
口試委員 指導教授-陳幹男
委員-葉正濤
委員-王權泉
中文關鍵字 丙烯酸酯共聚物  染料  超細聚酯纖維  電子束照射 
英文關鍵字 Acrylate Copolymers  Dye  Micro-fiber polyester fabric  Electron Bean 
學科別分類 學科別自然科學化學
中文摘要   染料本身的結構和性質,往往影響了其在水中的溶解度或分散性,然而通常溶解性較佳的染料經由染色後的展色性相對好,也因此有染整後卻不耐水洗的困擾。
  超細聚酯纖維的缺點:1.結構細密,比表面積大,對可見光反射和散射能力強,因此造成在同濃度條件下染色時,其表觀濃度較一般聚酯纖維低;2.表面缺少反應性基團可與染料結合,容易染色不均,導致耐水洗堅牢度較差。基於上述兩點,本實驗設計將具有反應性官能基高分子應用在棉布與超細聚酯織物上,藉以強化織物深染性,及改善染色後水洗堅牢度等為主要目的,期待能夠藉由官能基的接枝改質,增加其染色效果。
  取適當比例的Acrylic acid (AA)、Methyl acrylate (MA)及Glycidyl methacrylate (GMA)單體,使用2,2’-Azobisisobutyronitrile (AIBN)為起始劑,並使用Tripropylene glycol diacrylate (TPGDA)為架橋劑,利用自由基聚合反應原理,分別製備不同比例的架橋型丙烯酸酯共聚物。取用棉布與超細聚酯織物並含浸於上述製備好之丙烯酸酯共聚物中,乾燥後再以不同劑量電子束(electron beam)照射,使共聚物與織物表面自由基化產生接枝反應而有化學鍵結的產生;利用結構上含有胺基的染料與丙烯酸酯共聚物上的環氧基反應,使染料直接成為高分子鏈段上的一部分,間接增強染料分子與纖維結合力,進而提高其耐水洗堅牢度。
英文摘要   The structure and property of dyes is desided by the solubility or disperability of dyes in the water. Good solubility of dyes usually comes with good dye dispersion, not also cause the problem of poor resistance to water washing and laundering.
  Micro-fiber polyester fabric had compact structure, high specific surface area, and strong reflection and scattering to visible light, to cause the dyeing of textile is more difficult than polyester in the same concentration;And had no function group to combine with dye, the surface concentrations of dyes absorption are higher than the internal part of fabric, so that usually out of proportion or discolor after water launder. In order to solve these problems, we focus on improve the intensity of color and resistance strength of water launder by grafting function group.
  This research utilize suitable ratio of Acrylic acid (AA), Methyl acrylate (MA), and Glycidyl methacrylate (GMA) monomer with initiator 2,2’-Azobisisobutyronitrile (AIBN) and bridging agent Tripropylene glycol diacrylate (TPGDA) to synthesis acrylate copolymers in different monomeric concentration. After reactions, it becomes cross-linking structure and insoluble in water.
  Take cotton and micro-fiber polyester fabric, immerses in specific ratio of acrylate copolymers. When textile dried, illuminate by different dosage of electron bean (EB). Radicalize polymer and textile surface, and bonding with each other.
  The special amino group of dye on the structure formulate will react with the epoxy group on acrylate copolymers. Then, dye becomes part of the polymer chain and enhance the interaction between dye molecular and textile.
論文目次 總目錄
誌謝
中文摘要
英文摘要
目錄…………………………………………….………………………………...I
圖表索引……………………………………….………………………..……..IV
目錄
第一章 序論.......................................1
1-1 前言..........................................1
1-2 研究動機......................................2
第二章 實驗......................................3
2-1 儀器..........................................3
2-2 藥品..........................................4
2-2-1 染料結構....................................5
2-3 聚丙烯酸酯的製備..............................6
2-3-1 聚丙烯酸酯合成步驟..........................6
2-3-2 樣品編號命名................................6
2-4 棉布與超細聚酯織物染整........................7
2-4-1棉布或超細聚酯織物的改質.....................7
2-4-2 棉布或聚酯織物染整流程......................7
2-5 聚丙烯酸酯共聚物與織物測試....................8
2-5-1 傅立葉紅外線光譜鑑定........................8
2-5-2 固含量(Solid Content)測試...................8
2-5-3 接枝率測試..................................8
2-5-4 Micro FT-IR測試.............................9
2-5-5 棉布與聚酯織物之耐水洗堅牢度測試............9
2-5-6 織物擴散能力試驗法.........................10
2-5-7 織物乾燥速率試驗法.........................11
2-5-8 分光儀鑑定測試.............................12
2-5-9 掃描式電子顯微鏡...........................12
第三章 結果與討論...............................13
3-1 丙烯酸酯共聚物之FT-IR光譜分析................13
3-2 接枝率測試...................................19
3-3 Micro FT-IR..................................21
3-4 織物染色概述.................................26
3-5 丙烯酸酯共聚物與染料反應之FT-IR光譜分析......41
3-6 耐水洗堅牢度測試-變褪色灰色標級數...........46
3-6-1棉布測試....................................46
3-6-2聚酯織物測試................................49
3-7表觀濃度、相對外觀力度測試....................52
3-7-1 棉布測試...................................52
3-7-2 聚酯織物測試...............................57
3-8織物擴散能力試驗..............................62
3-8-1 棉布測試...................................62
3-8-2聚酯織物測試................................65
3-9 織物乾燥速率測試.............................68
3-9-1 棉布測試...................................68
3-9-2 聚酯織物測試...............................69
3-10 掃描式電子顯微鏡............................71
3-10-1 棉布測試..................................71
3-10-2 聚酯織物測試..............................71
第四章 結論.....................................80
第五章 參考資料.................................82

圖表索引
式目錄
【Scheme 3-1】丙烯酸酯共聚物反應式...........................................................13
【Scheme 3-5】丙烯酸酯共聚物與染料反應式...............................................42
表目錄
【Table 2-3-2】丙烯酸酯共聚物比例配方表...................................................6
【Table 3-2-1】棉布接枝率.............................................................................20
【Table 3-2-2】聚酯織物接枝率.....................................................................20
【Table 3-7-1】藍色棉布K/S value.................................................................54
【Table 3-7-2】黑色棉布K/S value.................................................................55
【Table 3-7-3】紅色棉布K/S value.................................................................56
【Table 3-7-4】藍色聚酯織物K/S value.........................................................59
【Table 3-7-5】黑色聚酯織物K/S value.........................................................60
【Table 3-7-6】紅色聚酯織物K/S value.........................................................61
【Table 3-8-1】棉布擴散速率.........................................................................64
【Table 3-8-2】聚酯織物擴散速率.................................................................67
圖目錄
【Fig 2-5-2】染色升溫曲線.............................................................................7
【Fig 3-1-1】AA 單體FT-IR光譜圖..............................................................14
【Fig 3-1-2】MA 單體FT-IR光譜圖...............................................................14
【Fig 3-1-3】GMA 單體FT-IR光譜圖...........................................................15
【Fig 3-1-4】114丙烯酸酯共聚物FT-IR光譜圖............................................15
【Fig 3-1-5】214丙烯酸酯共聚物FT-IR光譜圖............................................16
【Fig 3-1-6】414丙烯酸酯共聚物FT-IR光譜圖............................................16
【Fig 3-1-7】124丙烯酸酯共聚物FT-IR光譜圖............................................17
【Fig 3-1-8】144丙烯酸酯共聚物FT-IR光譜圖............................................17
【Fig 3-1-9】11-GM丙烯酸酯共聚物FT-IR光譜圖.......................................18
【Fig 3-1-10】11-AM丙烯酸酯共聚物FT-IR光譜圖.......................................18
【Fig 3-3-1】棉布經共聚物改質後Micro-FTIR光譜圖.................................22
【Fig 3-3-2】棉布改質後染藍色FT-IR光譜圖...............................................22
【Fig 3-3-3】棉布改質後染黑色FT-IR光譜圖...............................................23
【Fig 3-3-4】棉布改質後染紅色FT-IR光譜圖...............................................23
【Fig 3-3-5】聚酯織物經共聚物改質後FT-IR光譜圖...................................24
【Fig 3-3-6】聚酯織物改質後染藍色FT-IR光譜圖.......................................24
【Fig 3-3-7】聚酯織物改質後染黑色FT-IR光譜圖.......................................25
【Fig 3-3-8】聚酯織物改質後染紅色FT-IR光譜圖.......................................25
【Fig 3-4-1】棉布含浸各共聚物染黑色效果.................................................27
【Fig 3-4-2】214-藍色棉布染色圖..................................................................28
【Fig 3-4-3】414-藍色棉布染色圖..................................................................29
【Fig 3-4-4】214-黑色棉布染色圖..................................................................30
【Fig 3-4-6】414-黑色棉布染色圖...................................................................31
【Fig 3-3-7】214-紅色棉布染色圖...................................................................32
【Fig 3-3-8】414-紅色棉布染色圖...................................................................33
【Fig 3-3-9】聚酯織物含浸各共聚物染藍色效果..........................................34
【Fig 3-3-10】214-藍色聚酯織物染色圖.........................................................35
【Fig 3-4-11】414-藍色聚酯織物染色圖.........................................................36
【Fig 3-4-12】214-黑色聚酯織物染色圖.........................................................37
【Fig 3-4-13】414-黑色聚酯織物染色圖.........................................................38
【Fig 3-4-14】214-紅色聚酯織物染色圖.........................................................39
【Fig 3-4-15】414-紅色聚酯織物染色圖.........................................................40
【Fig 3-5-1】GMA單體與藍色染料反應之FT-IR光譜圖...............................43
【Fig 3-5-2】GMA單體與黑色染料反應之FT-IR光譜圖...............................43
【Fig 3-5-3】GMA單體與紅色染料反應之FT-IR光譜圖...............................44
【Fig 3-5-4】丙烯酸酯共聚物與藍色染料反應之FT-IR光譜圖....................44
【Fig 3-5-5】丙烯酸酯共聚物與黑色染料反應之FT-IR光譜圖....................45
【Fig 3-5-6】丙烯酸酯共聚物與紅色染料反應之FT-IR光譜圖....................45
【Fig 3-6-1】藍色棉布耐水洗測試 (變褪色級數) ........................................47
【Fig 3-6-2】黑色棉布耐水洗測試 (變褪色級數) ........................................47
【Fig 3-6-3】紅色棉布耐水洗測試 (變褪色級數) ........................................48
【Fig 3-6-4】藍色聚酯織物耐水洗測試 (變褪色級數).................................50
【Fig 3-6-5】黑色聚酯織物耐水洗測試 (變褪色級數) ................................50
【Fig 4-6-6】紅色聚酯織物耐水洗測試 (變褪色級數) ...............................51
【Fig 3-7-1】藍色棉布相對外觀力度 (%).....................................................54
【Fig 3-7-2】黑色棉布相對外觀力度 (%).....................................................55
【Fig 3-7-3】紅色棉布相對外觀力度 (%)......................................................56
【Fig 3-7-4】聚酯織物染藍色耐水洗測試-外觀力度保留率 (%).................59
【Fig 3-7-5】聚酯織物染黑色耐水洗測試-外觀力度保留率 (%).................60
【Fig 3-7-6】聚酯織物染紅色耐水洗測試-外觀力度保留率 (%).................61
【Fig 3-8-1】棉布擴散速率指數......................................................................63
【Fig 3-8-2】聚酯織物擴散速率指數..............................................................66
【Fig 3-9-1】棉布乾燥速率測試.....................................................................70
【Fig 3-9-2】聚酯織物乾燥速率測試............................................................70
【Fig 3-10-1(a)】改質前棉布SEM圖(2 kx).....................................................72
【Fig 3-10-1(b)】改質前棉布SEM圖(5 kx).....................................................72
【Fig 3-10-1(c)】棉布含浸共聚物(50kGy) SEM圖(2kx)...............................73
【Fig 3-10-1(d)】棉布含浸共聚物(50kGy) SEM圖(5kx)................................73
【Fig 3-10-1(e)】棉布含浸共聚物並照射電子束(50kGy) SEM圖(2 kx)......74
【Fig 3-10-1(f)】棉布含浸共聚物並照射電子束(50kGy) SEM圖(5 kx).....74
【Fig 3-10-1(g)】改質後棉布染藍色SEM圖(2 kx).........................................75
【Fig 3-10-1(h)】改質後棉布染藍色SEM圖(5 kx).........................................75
【Fig 3-10-2(a)】改質前聚酯織物SEM圖(2 kx).............................................76
【Fig 3-10-2(b)】改質前聚酯織物SEM圖(5 kx)..............................................76
【Fig 3-10-2(c)】聚酯織物含浸共聚物(50kGy) SEM圖(2 kx)......................77
【Fig 3-10-2(d)】聚酯織物含浸共聚物(50kGy) SEM圖(5 kx).......................77
【Fig 3-10-2(e)】聚酯織物浸共聚物照射電子束(50kGy) SEM圖(2 kx).....78
【Fig 3-10-2(f)】聚酯織物浸共聚物照射電子束(50kGy) SEM圖(5 kx).....78
【Fig 3-10-2(g)】改質後聚酯織物染藍色SEM圖(2 kx).................................79
【Fig 3-10-2(h)】改質後聚酯織物染藍色SEM圖(5 kx).................................79
參考文獻 1.Joonseok Koh, Myung-Joon Oh, Hyungsup Kim, Sung Dong Kim, Journal of Applied Polymer Science, Vol. 99, 279–285 (2006)
2.Wen-Chin Tsen, Kai-Jen Hsiao, Yao-Chi Shu, Journal of Applied Polymer Science, Vol. 113, 1822-1827 (2009)
3.Joseph Jagur-Grodzinski, Weizmann Institute of Science, Polym. Adv. Technol , Vol. 17, 395–418 (2006)
4.Alexandramun oz-bonilla, Mari’al. cerrada, Martaferna’ ndez-garci’a, Journal of Polymer Science: Part A: Polymer Chemistry, Vol. 43, 4828–4837 (2005)
5.Chiliang Wang, Li Wang, Chang Chen, Tao Chen, Guohua Jiang, Journal of Applied Polymer Science, Vol. 101, 1535–1542 (2006)
6.R. J. Shields A D. Bhattacharyya A S. Fakirov, J Mater Sci , Vol. 43, 6758–6770 (2008)
7.Kwan Han Yoon , Malcolm B Polk, Jae Hong Park, Byung G Min, David A Schiraldi, Polymer International, Vol. 54, 147-53 (2004)
8.T. D. CHANG, S . H. CARR, and J. O. BRITTAIN, Polymer Engineering and Science, 1982, Vol. 22, No. 18 (1982)
9.Jr-Yun Hu, Che-Ping Lin, Shih-Yu Hungb, Hsiharng Yang, Ching-Kong Chao, Sensors and Actuators A, Vol.147, 93–98 (2007)
10.N. M. L. Mondadori, R. C. R. Nunes, A. J. Zattera, R. V. B. Oliveira, L. B. Canto, Journal of Applied Polymer Science, Vol. 109, 3266–3274 (2008)
11.Xiaojuan Si, Linfeng Guo, Yimin Wang, Kin-tak Lau, Composites Science and Technology, Vol.68, 2943–2947 (2008)
12.Wei-Hung Chen, Po-Cheng Chen, Ping-Shin Chen, Shih-Chieh Wang, Jen-Taut Yeh, Kan-Nan Chen, J. Polym Res, Vol. 16, 329–339 (2009)
13.Lee, H. and Neville, K., Handbook of epoxy resins, McGraw-Hill, Inc., N. Y. 1972
14.Jung-Eun Yang,Ju-Shik.Kong, Sang-Woo Park, Dong-Jin Lee, Han-Do Kim, Journal of Applied Polymer Science, Vol.86, 2375-2383 (2000)
15.Ivan Javni, Eei Zhang, Zoran S. Petrovic, Journal of Applied Polymer Science, Vol.88, 2912-2916 (2003)
16.D.Y.Chao, W.J.Kuo, N.H.Wang, L.L.Lee, K.H.Yang, Journal of Applied Polymer Science, Vol.67, 19-26 (1998)
17.Bo Li, Xiang-Bin Xu, Zhong-Ming Li, Yin-Chun Song, Journal of Applied Polymer Science, Vol. 110, 3073–3079 (2008)
18.Shao Hsuan Hung, Hsin-Ta Hsieh, Guo-Dung John Su, J. Micromech. Microeng. , 18 (2008)
19.Ai-Ping Zhu, Feng Zhao, Ning Fang, Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part A, 467-476, DOI: 10.1002/jbm.a.31567
20.Christopher J. Sumby, Lyall R. Hanton, Tetrahedron, 65, 4681–4691 (2009)
21.Fabio Zobi, Olivier Blacque, Gideon Steyl, Bernhard Spingler, Roger Alberto, Inorg. Chem., 48, 4963–4970, (2009)
22.Eric Valeur w and Mark Bradley, Chem. Soc. Rev., 38, 606–631, (2009)
23.倪瑞忠,機能性超細聚酯纖維織品之加工研究,(2004)
24.黃清澤,新型自行架橋型水性高分子染料之合成與應用,(2005)
25.黃家郁,丙烯酸與含次乙亞胺丙烯酸甲酯之新形式自行聚合反應系統研究,(2005)
26.陳怡佑,自行架橋型水性高分子油墨系統之製備,(2006)
27.利雅君,紫外光反應型染料應用於高分子塗裝系統之製備,淡江大學碩士論文,(2007)
28.徐為宬,含顏料或奈米二氧化矽之紫外光硬化型或是溼氣硬化型PU樹脂製備和塗裝應用,(2008)
29.陳威宏,功能化塗裝應用高分子材料之研究開發,(2009)
30.胡德,高分子物理與機械性質(上),渤海堂文化事業有限公司,(1994)
31.胡德,高分子物理與機械性質(下),渤海堂文化事業有限公司,(1994)
32.王敏泰 浸染工程學(上),台灣:五洲出版社,(1970)
33.王敏泰 浸染工程學(下),台灣:五洲出版社,(1970)
34.劉熾章 纖維化學,新學識文教出版中心 紡織工程編輯委員會,(1979)
35.江家臨譯 人造纖維理論與技術 第三冊,徐氏基金會出版,(1972)
36.吳振成 有機顏料 大行出版社,(1977)
37.章以慶 認識織品-市售布料實物,實踐大學服裝設計系,(2000)
38.邱永亮譯 染色化學 第一冊,徐氏基金會出版,(1995)
39.邱永亮譯 染色化學 第二冊,徐氏基金會出版,(1995)
40.機能性暨產業用紡織品認證與驗證評議委員會之FTTS-FA-004驗證規範
論文使用權限
  • 同意紙本無償授權給館內讀者為學術之目的重製使用,於2014-08-17公開。
  • 同意授權瀏覽/列印電子全文服務,於2014-08-17起公開。


  • 若您有任何疑問,請與我們聯絡!
    圖書館: 請來電 (02)2621-5656 轉 2281 或 來信