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中文論文名稱 席哈克時期法中全球夥伴關係:達成共同目標
英文論文名稱 Franco-Chinese Global Partnership under Chirac: Achieving Common Goals?
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 國際事務與戰略研究所碩士班
系所名稱(英) Graduate Institute of International Affairs and Strategic Studies
學年度 99
學期 2
出版年 100
研究生中文姓名 娜徳芝
研究生英文姓名 Nadege Manissier
學號 698330353
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
口試日期 2011-06-15
論文頁數 128頁
口試委員 指導教授-林中斌
委員-高格孚
委員-鄒忠科
中文關鍵字 法、中關係  席哈克總統  全面性戰略夥伴關係  調適派 
英文關鍵字 France-China Foreign Relations  President Chirac  Comprehensive Strategic Partnership  Accommodation 
學科別分類 學科別社會科學政治學
學科別社會科學區域研究
中文摘要 本論文探討於1997年時,法國與中國如何簽署「全面性戰略夥伴關係」之時空環境背景。本論文檢視了巴黎如何推動與北京簽署此一「全面性戰略夥伴關係」宣言之理由、檢驗預期達成之目標,以及評估其結果。由於此一「全面性戰略夥伴關係」之戰略本質主要在於促進多極化體系與多邊主義,因此,法、中間之「全面性戰略夥伴關係」包括了政治面、經濟面,以及社會合作面三大層面。

本論文著重於法國總統席哈克時期法、中關係之研究,顯示出雙邊關係之穩定,源自於席哈克總統對中國採取調適派之做法。但是,調適派做法付出必要之代價,法國與中國建立此一「全面性戰略夥伴關係」更需依據平等互惠之原則,以期平衡雙邊關係。

英文摘要 This thesis looks at how the “Comprehensive Strategic Partnership”, signed in 1997 between France and China, came to be. It examines the reasons that pushed Paris and Beijing to sign this declaration, inspects the goals of the partnership, and assesses the outcome. While the strategic nature of this partnership lied mainly in the promotion of multipolarity and multilateralism, its comprehensive nature included political, economic and social cooperation. Focusing on Franco-Chinese relations during Chirac’s presidency, this study reveals that the stability of bilateral relations was in a large extent due to Chirac’s accommodationist behaviour. However, accommodation has come at a price, and what is much needed by France is the establishment of a relationship based on reciprocity.
論文目次 Chapter 1 Introduction 1

Chapter 2 Post-Cold War International Order 13

Chapter 3 Background of Franco-Chinese Relations 27

Chapter 4 Grand Strategy and Foreign Policy 40

Chapter 5 The “Global Partnership” 70

Chapter 6 Dealing with Disparate Interests 87

Chapter 7 Developments under Nicolas Sarkozy 97

Chapter 8 Conclusions 106



Table of Contents
Acknowledgments .................................................................................................................................................. I
Abbreviations ........................................................................................................................................................ IV
Outline .................................................................................................................................................................. vi
Table of Contents ................................................................................................................................................. VI
Chapter 1 Introduction .......................................................................................................................................... 1
I. Research Motives and Objectives .................................................................................................................... 1
II. Proposed Methodology and Data Collection .................................................................................................. 2
III. Theoretical and Analytical Framework .......................................................................................................... 3
a. Theoretical Framework ............................................................................................................................... 3
b. Analytical Framework ................................................................................................................................ 3
IV. Definition of Terms ....................................................................................................................................... 6
V. Literature Review .......................................................................................................................................... 7
European factor ............................................................................................................................................. 7
Taiwan factor ................................................................................................................................................. 8
Asian policy .................................................................................................................................................... 9
VI. Scope and Limitations of Research ................................................................................................................ 9
VII. Organization .............................................................................................................................................. 10
Chapter 2 Post‐Cold War International Order ...................................................................................................... 13
I. Unipolarity: The Perspectives of France and China ....................................................................................... 13
a. Unipolarity vs. Hegemony ......................................................................................................................... 14
b. French and Chinese Views of American Hegemony ................................................................................. 16
II. France: A Power in Decline ........................................................................................................................... 19
III. China: An Emerging Power .......................................................................................................................... 23
Conclusion ....................................................................................................................................................... 26
Chapter 3 Background of Franco‐Chinese Relations ............................................................................................ 27
I. Under Charles de Gaulle (1958‐1969) ........................................................................................................... 27
a. The Period of Great Development ............................................................................................................ 27
b. A Step Backward ...................................................................................................................................... 31
II. Under Georges Pompidou (1969‐1974) ........................................................................................................ 32
III. Under Valery Giscard d’Estaing (1974‐1981) ............................................................................................... 33
IV. Under François Mitterrand (1981‐1995) ..................................................................................................... 34
a. Before the Tiananmen Events ................................................................................................................... 34
b. After the Tiananmen Events ..................................................................................................................... 35
c. Normalization of the Relationship ............................................................................................................ 37
V. Under Jacques Chirac (1995‐2007) ............................................................................................................... 38
Conclusion ....................................................................................................................................................... 38
Chapter 4 Grand Strategy and Foreign Policy ....................................................................................................... 40
I. France ........................................................................................................................................................... 40
a. Grand strategy ........................................................................................................................................ 40
b. Chirac’s Foreign Policy .............................................................................................................................. 46
c. Chirac’s China policy ................................................................................................................................ 48
II. China ............................................................................................................................................................ 50
a. China’s Grand Strategy ............................................................................................................................. 50
b. China’s Foreign Policy ............................................................................................................................... 53
c. China’s France Policy ................................................................................................................................ 64
III. National Interests ....................................................................................................................................... 66
a. Common National Interests ...................................................................................................................... 66
b. Disparate National Interests ..................................................................................................................... 67
Conclusion ....................................................................................................................................................... 68
Chapter 5 The “Global Partnership” ..................................................................................................................... 70
I. Strategic ........................................................................................................................................................ 70
II. Political ........................................................................................................................................................ 73
III. Economic .................................................................................................................................................... 76
IV. Social .......................................................................................................................................................... 79
a. Cultural .................................................................................................................................................... 79
b. Research and Development, and Education ............................................................................................. 83
Conclusion ....................................................................................................................................................... 86
Chapter 6 Dealing with Disparate Interests .......................................................................................................... 87
I. Types of Behaviour ....................................................................................................................................... 87
II. French and Chinese Behaviour Patterns ....................................................................................................... 89
III. Foreign Policy Behaviour and National Interests ......................................................................................... 94
Conclusion ....................................................................................................................................................... 96
Chapter 7 Developments under Nicolas Sarkozy .................................................................................................. 97
I. Strategic ........................................................................................................................................................ 97
II. Political ........................................................................................................................................................ 98
III. Economic .................................................................................................................................................. 103
IV. Social ........................................................................................................................................................ 104
Conclusion ..................................................................................................................................................... 105
Chapter 8 Conclusions ....................................................................................................................................... 106
Conclusions .................................................................................................................................................... 106
Implications ................................................................................................................................................... 108
Bibliography ....................................................................................................................................................... 110
Appendix A......................................................................................................................................................... 126
China’s bilateral partnerships ......................................................................................................................... 126
Appendix B ......................................................................................................................................................... 128
Major political meetings between France and China under Chirac ................................................................ 128
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with China], Le Monde, 11 June 2004.
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on Tibet], Le Monde, 22 March 2008.
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benefit from the scientific potential of China], Le Monde, 13 November 2002.
“La longue marche des PME françaises en Chine” [the long march of French SMEs in
China], Le Monde, 24 November 1998.
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121
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23 March 1991.
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“Laboratoires joints franco-chinois” [Franco-Chinese joint laboratories], 31 August 2009,
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firmly condemned the “brutal repression”], Le Monde, 29 June 1989.
“Le Premier Ministre Chinois s’est félicité de la position ‘très claire’ de la France sur
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issue], Le Monde, 13 april 1996.
“Le premier parc éolien cofinancé par l’Agence Française de Développement (AFD)” [The
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available at http://www.ambafrance-cn.org/Le-premier-parc-eolien-du-Yunnan-cofinance-
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authorities wants to impose a power struggle with Sarkozy], Le Monde, 28 November
2008.
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president’s visit to France], Le Monde, 30 January 2004.
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Paris and Beijing], LeMonde.fr, 27 November 2008.
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122
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01/22/content_17169741.html; consulted on 3 May 2011.
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01/22/content_17169741.htm; consulted on 3 May 2011.
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China], LeMonde.fr, 19 April 2008; Brice Pedroletti, “Quand Nicolas Sarkozy était la
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China], LeMonde.fr, 19 April 2008.
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in Beijing Frances’ new China policy], Le Monde, 17 May 1997.
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“partnership” with Beijing], Le Monde, 25 October 2006.
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for China to set my agenda”], LeMonde.fr, 10 July 2008.
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Pengs’s visit an opening of the Chinese market], Le Monde, 10 April 1996.
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2009.
123
“Paris s’efforce d’appaiser la Chine après un an de crise bilatérale sur le Tibet” [Paris strives
to appease China after one year of a bilateral crisis on Tibet], Le Monde, 3 April 2009.
“Pas de défilé pour Fa Lun Gong, à la demande de Pékin“ [No parade for the Falungong at
Beijing’s request], Le Monde, 24 January 2004.
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chaotic route of the flame in Paris], Le Monde, 9 April 2008.
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diplomatically correct], Libération, 7 October 2003.
“‘Pour la Chine, la France est le maillon faible de l’Europe”‘ [“For China, France is the
weak link of Europe”], LeMonde.fr, 4 December 2008;
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being an equal power], LeMonde.fr, 4 November 2010.
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chinois” [For more than a month, Beijing subjected France to an unofficial boycott by
Chinese tourists], Le Monde, 5 July 2008.
“Pour M. Raffarin, la citoyenneté d’honneur offerte au dalaï-lama par M. Delanoë attise les
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more straight with China], Le Monde, 27 November 2007.
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124
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