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系統識別號 U0002-0507201021550400
中文論文名稱 國小高年級學童內外控傾向、社交技巧能力與其關係攻擊行為之相關研究
英文論文名稱 The study of the locus of control, social skills and relational aggressive behaviors of elementary school senior grades.
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 教育心理與諮商研究所碩士班
系所名稱(英) Graduate Institute of Educational Psychology and Counseling
學年度 98
學期 2
出版年 99
研究生中文姓名 吳俊緯
研究生英文姓名 Chun-Wei Wu
學號 695690312
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
口試日期 2010-06-22
論文頁數 103頁
口試委員 指導教授-柯志恩
委員-李麗君
委員-洪素珍
中文關鍵字 內外控傾向  社交技巧能力  關係攻擊行為 
英文關鍵字 internal-external control  social skills  relational aggressive behaviors 
學科別分類 學科別社會科學教育學
中文摘要 本研究旨在探討國小高年級學童內外控傾向與其關係攻擊行為之相關程度,並進一步探討社交技巧能力之交互調節作用。本研究以台北縣市國小高年級學童為研究對象,有效樣本共504份。所使用的研究工具為「人際關係量表」、「社交技巧量表」及「關係攻擊行為量表」,所得資料以描述性統計、t檢定、皮爾森積差相關、逐步迴歸分析、層級迴歸分析等統計方法進行分析,歸納研究結果如下:
一、國小高年級學童普遍傾向內控發展,且最傾向正內控發展。
二、國小高年級學童普遍具有中等偏高的社交技巧能力,其中以「主動合作」的能力最高,「自我控制」的能力為最低。
三、國小高年級學童在關係攻擊行為的向度上呈現中等偏低的水準,且男女在關係攻擊行為上並無差異存在。
四、外控傾向程度越高,其表現關係攻擊行為的可能性越高。
五、負外控傾向程度越高,其表現關係攻擊行為的可能性越高。
六、國小高年級學童社交技巧能力與內外控傾向之交互作用對關係攻擊行為具顯著影響力;社交技巧在內外控傾向與關係攻擊行為間具備顯著交互調節效果。
依據研究及果與討論,研究者提出對未來研究及諮商輔導上的建議與參考。
英文摘要 This research is about how much the internal-external control of primary school students interrelated with the relational aggressive behaviors, further more, the interactive effect with social skills. This is a study of 10 to 12 years old students in Taipei City and Taipei County, with 504 qualify samples them with the Relationship Scales, Social Skill Scales, and Relational Aggressive Behaviors Scales, and analyzing with T-test, descriptive statistics, Pearson product-moment correlation coefficient, stepwise regression and hierarchical regression analysis.
Result:
1.10 to 12 years old students tend to be internal control development, mostly are positive.
2.10 to 12 years old students usually got medium to high social skills, the best is cooperating, while the worst is self-control.
3.The relational aggressive behaviors of 10 to 12 years old students are medium to low, and there is no difference between two genders.
4.When the child got higher external control deviation, the more possibility that they will present relational aggressive behaviors.
5.When the child got higher negative external control deviation, the more possibility that they will present relational aggressive behaviors.
6.The interaction between social skills and internal-external control has significant impact of relational aggressive behaviors, and there is also significant interactive effect among social skills, internal-external control, and relational aggressive behaviors.

According to the results and discussion, researcher could provide some recommendations and consultations in counseling and research in the future.
論文目次 目次
第一章 緒論 ………………………………………………………………….......1
第一節 研究動機…………………………………………………1
第二節 研究目的與問題…………………………………………5
第三節 名詞釋義…………………………………………………7
第二章 文獻探討...........................................10
第一節 關係攻擊現象及相關內涵……………………………10
第二節 內外控傾向……………………………………………21
第三節 兒童社交技巧能力……………………………………34
第三章 研究方法………………………………………………………42
第一節 研究架構………………………………………………42
第二節 研究對象………………………………………………43
第三節 研究工具………………………………………………45
第四節 實施步驟………………………………………………51
第五節 資料處理………………………………………………52
第四章 研究結果分析與討論…………………………………………53
第一節 國小高年級學童內外控傾向、社交技巧能力及關係攻擊之現況…53
第二節 內外控傾向、社交技巧能力與關係攻擊行為之相關………………59
第三節 內外控傾向對關係攻擊行為之逐步迴歸分析………………………62
第四節 內外控傾向與社交技巧能力之交互作用對關係攻擊行為之預測效果
………………………………………………………………………….65
第五章 研究結論與建議……………………………………………….………77
第一節 研究結論…………………………………………………77
第二節 研究建議與限制…………………………………………82
參考文獻.................................................86
壹、 中文部份……………………………………………………86
貳、 英文部分……………………………………………………88
附錄……………………………………………………………………98
一、正式問卷「國小學童學校生活經驗調查問卷」………………………..98
二、問卷使用同意書…………………………………………………………..102
表次
表2-1-1 攻擊行為分類表………………………………………………………….11
表2-2-1 內外控傾向與其正負向行為比較表…………………………………….31
表3-2-1 樣本背景資料…..………………………………………………………...43
表3-3-1 內外控傾向量表各分測驗之內涵……………………………………….46
表3-3-2 社交技巧量表各分測驗內涵…………………………………………….48
表3-3-3國小學生攻擊行為量表…………………………………………………..50
表4-1-1有效樣本背景資料………………………………………………………..53
表4-1-2 國小高年級學童內外控傾向現況摘要表……………………………….54
表4-1-3 國小高年級學童社交技巧能力現況摘要表…………………………….56
表4-1-4 國小高年級學童關係攻擊行為現況摘要表…………………………….57
表4-1-5 不同性別國小高年級學童關係攻擊行為T考驗摘要表……………….57
表4-2-1 社交技巧能力與關係攻擊行為之相關摘要表………………………….59
表4-2-2 整體內外控傾向與關係攻擊行為之相關摘要表……………………….59
表4-2-3 內外控各分層面與關係攻擊行為之相關摘要表……………………….60
表4-3-1 內外控傾向對關係攻擊行為之逐步迴歸分析摘要表………………….62
表4-3-2 內外控各分層面對關係攻擊行為之逐步迴歸分析摘要表…………….63
表4-4-1內控傾向與社交技巧能力之交互作用對關係攻擊行為之預測效果摘要表…………………………………………………………………………...65
表4-4-2外控傾向與社交技巧能力之交互作用對關係攻擊行為之預測效果摘要表…………………………………………………………………………...67
表4-4-3正內控傾向與社交技巧能力之交互作用對關係攻擊行為之預測效果分析摘要表…………………………………………………………………...69
表4-4-4負內控傾向與社交技巧能力之交互作用對關係攻擊行為之預測效果分析摘要表…………………………………………………………………..70
表4-4-5正外控傾向與社交技巧能力之交互作用對關係攻擊行為之預測效果分析摘要表…………………………………………………………………..72
表4-4-6負外控傾向與社交技巧能力之交互作用對關係攻擊行為之預測效果分析摘要表…………………………………………………………………..74
圖次
圖3-1-1 研究架構圖……………………………………………………………..42
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