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系統識別號 U0002-0507200518231800
中文論文名稱 追尋自我認同: 凱特.蕭邦的《覺醒》與愛麗絲.沃克的《紫色姐妹花》之比較研究
英文論文名稱 The Search for Self-Identity: A Comparative Study of Kate Chopin's The Awakening and Alice Walker's The Color Purple
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 英文學系碩士班
系所名稱(英) Department of English
學年度 93
學期 2
出版年 94
研究生中文姓名 侯淑惠
研究生英文姓名 Shu-Hui Hou
電子信箱 691010119@s91.tku.edu.tw
學號 691010119
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
口試日期 2005-06-20
論文頁數 100頁
口試委員 指導教授-宋美璍
委員-馮品佳
委員-游錫熙
中文關鍵字 中性人格  壓迫  自我  覺醒  紫色姐妹花 
英文關鍵字 androgyny  oppression  self  The Awakening  The Color Purple 
學科別分類 學科別人文學語言文學
中文摘要 本篇論文主要是比較凱特.蕭邦的《覺醒》與愛麗絲.沃克的《紫色姐妹花》。 本論文除了分析二位作者的文化和社會背景如何影響她們的作品,也同時探討蕭邦和沃克如何在她們的作品中融入自身的經驗與傳達女性做為自由且獨立主體的觀念。
論文第一章處理二位作家對「壓迫」一詞的觀點與定義並探討兩人之間的相似和相異處。 第二章分別從社會和文化的觀點比較二位作家筆下的女主角:愛徳娜和希麗 (Edna and Celie)。 就某方面來說,二位女主角皆被她們所處的社會所壓迫。 第三章對照二位女主角如何逃離或克服外在的險惡環境且獲得並保有自我。 在經歷一連串的事件後,愛德娜為了保有自我而結束了自己的性命。 而希麗卻和她的大家庭過著快樂的生活。 這二位女主角都曾為獲得自我而做過許許多多的努力,為何她們努力後的結果卻是如此的不同呢? 分析此不同是第三章的重點之一。
本篇論文的結論為從希麗的例子,我們也許可以求得一個可能解決愛徳娜困境的方法。 如果一個女性要擁有獨立自我,她必須和男性還有其它女性合作。 除此之外,不管是男性或女性都該具有並實行中性人格的概念 (the concept of androgyny)。 唯有如此,男女之間才有可能平等的可能,彼此的關係才有和諧的可能。
英文摘要 This study focuses on two female writers of different races and backgrounds: Kate Chopin and Alice Walker. This thesis compares and contrasts Kate Chopin’s The Awakening and Alice Walker’s The Color Purple by examining their different narratives and analyzing how the two authors’ social and cultural contexts influence their texts. The thesis also examines how the authors transfer their personal experiences to their texts, using the latter to convey their perspectives on women as self-reliant subjects. The thesis is divided into three chapters.
Chapter One deals with Kate Chopin’s and Alice Walker’s definitions of ‘oppression’ and the similarities and dissimilarities between these two feminists’ points of view, and then uses the texts to support my argument. Chapter Two compares the two heroines from social and cultural perspectives: to some extent, both heroines are oppressed by their societies. The last chapter contrasts the heroines’ emancipations from bonds and how they maintain their selfhood at the end of the novels. After a series of efforts, Edna ends with committing suicide whereas Celie leads a happy life with a big family. Why do our protagonists have two different outcomes? To analyze the difference of Edna’s and Celie’s fates is also my focus in the last chapter.
Celie’s case offers a possible solution for Edna and other women in Edna’s situation. If she would like to assert her autonomy, a woman needs to cooperate with men and other women. Besides, both men and women should understand and accept the concept of androgyny—the blending of traditional male and female characteristics, and then put it into practice in order to achieve the equality of the two sexes and a harmonious relationship.
論文目次 Acknowledgements ...................iv

Chinese Abstract ...................vi

English Abstract ...................vii

Introduction .....................1

Chapter One Kate Chopin and Alice Walker: Women Against Oppression ......................13

Chapter Two The Shackles of Patriarchy ......27

Chapter Three Fleeing the Cage of Patriarchy ....53

Conclusion ......................92

Works Cited ......................95
參考文獻 Primary Sources:
Chopin, Kate. The Awakening. Ed. Margo Culley. 2nd ed. New York: Norton, 1994.
Walker, Alice. The Color Purple. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1985.

Secondary Sources:
Abbandonato, Linda. “Rewriting the Heroine’s Story in The Color Purple.” Alice Walker: Critical Perspectives Past and Present. Ed. Henry Louis Gates, Jr., and K. A. Appiah. New York: Amistad, 1993. 296-308.
Babb, Valerie. “Women and Words: Articulating the Self in Their Eyes Were Watching God and The Color Purple.” Alice Walker and Zora Neale Hurston: The Common Bond. Ed. Lillie P. Howard. London: Greenwood P, 1993. 83-93.
Black, Martha Fodaski. “The Quintessence of Chopinism.” Kate Chopin Reconsidered: Beyond the Bayou. Ed. Lynda S. Boren and Sara deSaussure Davis. London: Louisiana State UP, 1992. 95-113.
Berlant, Lauren. “Race, Gender, and Nation in The Color Purple.” Alice Walker: Critical Perspectives Past and Present. Ed. Henry Louis Gates,
Jr., and K. A. Appiah. New York: Amistad, 1993. 211-238.
Chodorow, Nancy. Feminism and Psychoanalytic Theory. New Haven: Yale UP, 1989.
Christ, Carol P. “Spiritual Liberation, Social Defeat: Kate Chopin.” Diving Deep and Surfacing. 3rd ed. Massachusetts: Beacon P, 1995. 27-40.
Collins, Patricia Hill. Black Feminist Thought: Knowledge, Consciousness, and the Politics of Empowerment. New York: Routledge, 1991.
Davis, Doris. “The Awakening: The Economics of Tension.” Kate Chopin Reconsidered: Beyond the Bayou. Ed. Lynda S. Boren and Sara deSaussure Davis. London: Louisiana State UP, 1992. 143-153.
Dawson, Emma J. Waters. “Redemption Through Redemption of the Self in Their Eyes Were Watching God and The Color Purple.” Alice Walker and Zora Neale Hurston: The Common Bond. Ed. Lillie P. Howard. London: Greenwood P, 1993. 69-82.
Delbanco, Andrew. “The Half-Life of Edna Pontellier.” New Essays on The Awakening. Ed. Wendy Martin. New York: Cambridge UP, 1988. 89-107.
Dyer, Joyce. The Awakening: A Novel of Beginnings. New York: Twayne, 1993.
Ewell, Barbara C. “Kate Chopin and the Dream of Female Selfhood.” Kate Chopin Reconsidered: Beyond the Bayou. Ed. Lynda S. Boren and Sara deSaussure Davis. London: Louisiana State UP, 1992. 157-165.
Fannin, Alice. “A Sense of Wonder: The Pattern for Psychic Survival in Their Eyes Were Watching God and The Color Purple.” Alice Walker and Zora Neale Hurston: The Common Bond. Ed. Lillie P. Howard. London: Greenwood P, 1993. 45-56.
Gilmore, Michael T. “Revolt Against Nature: The Problematic Modernism of The Awakening.” New Essays on The Awakening. Ed. Wendy Martin. New York: Cambridge UP, 1988. 59-87.
hooks, bell. “Reading and Resistance: The Color Purple.” Alice Walker: Critical Perspectives Past and Present. Ed. Henry Louis Gates, Jr., and K. A. Appiah. New York: Amistad, 1993. 284-295.
Jacobs, Dorothy H. “The Awakening: A Recognition of Confinement.” Kate Chopin Reconsidered: Beyond the Bayou. Ed. Lynda S. Boren and Sara deSaussure Davis. London: Louisiana State UP, 1992. 80-93.
Joslin, Katherine. “Finding the Self at Home: Chopin’s The Awakening and Cather’s The Professor’s House.” Kate Chopin Reconsidered: Beyond the Bayou. Ed. Lynda S. Boren and Sara deSaussure Davis. London: Louisiana State UP, 1992. 166-179.
Karanja, Ayana. “Zora Neale Hurston and Alice Walker: A Transcendent Relationship—Jonah’s Gourd Vine and The Color Purple.” Alice Walker and Zora Neale Hurston: The Common Bond. Ed. Lillie P. Howard. London: Greenwood P, 1993. 121-137.
Lant, Kathleen Margaret. “The Siren of Grand Isle: Adele’s Role in The Awakening.” Modern Critical Views: Kate Chopin. Ed. Harold Bloom. New York: Chelsea House, 1987. 115-124.
Lauret, Maria. “Alice Walker’s Life and Work: The Essays.” Modern Novelists: Alice Walker. New York: Macmillan P, 2000. 1-30.
Martin, Wendy. “Introduction.” New Essays on The Awakening. Ed. Wendy Martin. New York: Cambridge UP, 1988. 1-31.
Seyersted, Per. “The Awakening.” Kate Chopin: A Critical Biography. London: Louisiana State UP, 1980. 134-163.
Skaggs, Peggy. Kate Chopin. Boston: Twayne, 1985.
Showalter, Elaine. “Tradition and the Female Talent: The Awakening as a Solitary Book.” New Essays on The Awakening. Ed. Wendy Martin. New York: Cambridge UP, 1988. 33-57.
Smith, Dinitia. “The Color Purple.” Alice Walker: Critical Perspectives Past and Present. Ed. Henry Louis Gates, Jr., and K. A. Appiah. New York: Amistad, 1993. 19-21.
Stanford, Ann Folwell. “Dynamics of Change: Men and Co-Feeling in the Fiction of Zora Neale Hurston and Alice Walker.” Alice Walker and Zora Neale Hurston: The Common Bond. Ed. Lillie P. Howard. London: Greenwood P, 1993. 109-119.
Toth, Emily. “Kate Chopin Thinks Back Through Her Mothers: Three Stories by Kate Chopin.” Kate Chopin Reconsidered: Beyond the Bayou. Ed. Lynda S. Boren and Sara deSaussure Davis. London: Louisiana State UP, 1992. 15-25.
Thomas, Heather Kirk. “What Are the Prospects for the Book?: Rewriting a Woman’s Life.” Kate Chopin Reconsidered: Beyond the Bayou. Ed. Lynda S. Boren and Sara deSaussure Davis. London: Louisiana State UP, 1992. 36-57.
Walker, Alice. In Search of Our Mothers’ Gardens. New York: Harcourt Brace, 1983.
Walker, Nancy A. Kate Chopin: A Literary Life. New York: Palgrave, 2001.
Washington, Mary Helen. “An Essay on Alice Walker.” Alice Walker: Critical Perspectives Past and Present. Ed. Henry Louis Gates, Jr., and K. A. Appiah. New York: Amistad, 1993. 37-49.
Wilson, Mary Ann. “That Which the Soul Lives By: Spirituality in the Works of Zora Neale Hurston and Alice Walker.” Alice Walker and Zora Neale Hurston: The Common Bond. Ed. Lillie P. Howard. London: Greenwood P, 1993. 57-67.
Winchell, Donna Haisty. Alice Walker. New York: Twayne, 1992.
Woolf, Virginia. A Room of One’s Own. Great Britain: Penguin, 1945.









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