淡江大學覺生紀念圖書館 (TKU Library)
進階搜尋


下載電子全文限經由淡江IP使用) 
系統識別號 U0002-0503202011313100
中文論文名稱 成功與失敗的對比:東南亞國家協會與拉丁美洲區域經濟組織案例研究
英文論文名稱 Success vs. Failure: A comparison between ASEAN and Latin American Regional Organizations
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 臺灣與亞太研究全英語碩士學位學程
系所名稱(英) Master's Program in Taiwan and Asia-Pacific Studies, College of International Studies (English-Taugh
學年度 108
學期 1
出版年 109
研究生中文姓名 碧雅
研究生英文姓名 Beatriz Francisco Sandrim
學號 607245114
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
口試日期 2020-01-06
論文頁數 110頁
口試委員 指導教授-林若雩
委員-王秀琦
委員-陳佩修
中文關鍵字 拉丁美洲  東協  比較  成功  失敗  區域組織  拉丁美洲區域組織 
英文關鍵字 Latin America  ASEAN  comparison  success  failure  regional organizations  Latin American Regional Organizations 
學科別分類
中文摘要 東南亞國家聯盟(ASEAN)的出現是為了確保該地區的經濟發展和政治穩定。與十個成員國一起計算, 協會成立的主要目標是促進東南亞的經濟增長,社會進步和文化發展,以及通過成員國之間的尊重與正義促進和平與穩定。儘管各國政治、經濟及文化有很大的差異,但東盟成員國為實現該協會的目標一直很積極,特別是在 21 世紀,它在經濟,社會和文化領域影響了東南亞地區。
不同的是,在世界的另一個極端,拉丁美洲國家已經建立了近三十個區域組織,其中一些已經滅絕,沒有一個在其所在地區的經濟,社會或文化範圍內具有近乎相同的影響,例如就像東盟在東南亞一樣。
這研究主要是分析導致東盟成功以及五個主要拉丁美洲地區組織失敗的關鍵因素,以便了解它們並討論拉丁美洲地區進行有益國際合作的替代方案。
英文摘要 The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) emerged to ensure economic development and political stability in the region. Counting with ten member countries its main objectives today are to accelerate economic growth, social progress and cultural development in Southeast Asia as well as to promote peace and stability among the member countries. Despite being so diverse among themselves, the ASEAN member countries have been active in order to reach the Association’s goals, impacting the Southeast Asian region in economic, social and cultural spheres especially during the 21st century.
Differently, in the other extreme of the world, the Latin American countries have established close to thirty regional organizations, some of which were extinct and none of which has come close to having the same impact in economic, social or cultural spectrums in their region such as ASEAN did in Southeast Asia.
This work aims to analyze the key factors that led to the success of ASEAN as well as the failure of five main Latin American regional organizations in order to understand them and discuss possible alternatives to the Latin American region for a fruitful international cooperation.
論文目次 Table of Contents
Introduction 1
Chapter 1: Research Overview 7
1.1-Research Motivation 7
1.2-Research Objectives 9
1.3- Research Framework 9
1.4- Research Methodology 11
Chapter 2 Literature Review…..…………………………………………...13
2.1- Constructivism………………………………………………………..13
2.2- International Organizations………………………………………….15
2.2.1- International Organizations in the Constructivist Theory 17
2.3- Regional Organizations 19
2.4- Success and Failure in this Study……………………………………20
2.5- The Latin American Region…………………………………………22
2.6- The Southeast Asian Region…………………………………………26
Chapter 3: Historical Background 29
3.1- Integration and Regionalism in Southeast Asia 29
3.2- Integration and Regionalism in Latin America 31
Chapter 4: The Organizations 35
4.1- The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) 35
4.1.1 – ASEAN Plus Three 38
4.2- Bolivarian Alliance for the Peoples of Our America (ALBA- TCP) ..42
4.3- Latin American Integration Association (ALADI)…………………46
4.4- Andean Community (CAN) ………………………………………49
4.5- Southern Common Market (MERCOSUR)………………………... 53
4.6- Union of South American Nations (UNASUR)……………………. 57
Chapter 5: The Success of ASEAN……………………………………….... 61
5.1- The ASEAN Way……………………………………………………..65
5.2- The ASEAN Economic Community…………………………………67
5.3- ASEAN Free Trade Area (AFTA) and the ASEAN Trade in Goods Agreement (ATIGA)…………………………………..…………...…69
5.4- Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP)…………71
Chapter 6: The Failure of Latin- American Regional Organizations………..73
6.1- Failure Classification in this Study…………………………………..73
6.2- Common Factors………………………………………………………76
6.3- Personalism……..……………………………………………………..79
Final Findings and Conclusion…………………………………………………..81
References…………………………………………………………………………85
Figures and Appendixes…………………………………………………..…….109
List of Figures

Figure 1: ASEAN Diversity…………………………………………………………. 3
Figure 2: Visual Representation of Latin America…………………………….…….25
Figure 3: Visual Representation of Southeast Asia………………………………….27
Figure 4: The 10 ASEAN Member States: Visual Representation of the ASEAN Member Countries in a Map Portraying the Southeast Asia..………………………..36
Figure 5: ALBA-TCP Members Distribution in Latin America……………………..44
Figure 6: ALADI Members Distribution in Latin America………………………….48
Figure 7: CAN Members Distribution in Latin America……………………………51
Figure 8: MERCOSUR Members Distribution in Latin America…………………...56
Figure 9: UNASUR Members Distribution in Latin America………………………58
Figure 10: ASEAN Annual GDP Growth by Country 2014-2016…………………..63
Figure 11: ASEAN Trade Statistics………………………………………………….64
Figure 12: Failure and Success Classification Table………………………………...76
參考文獻 References


Acuerdo de Integración Subregional Andino. Cartagena, 26 maio 1969. Versão consolidada.
Adler, Emanuel. “O Construtivismo No Estudo Das Relações Internacionais.” Lua Nova, no. 47, Aug. 1999, pp. 201–246., http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-64451999000200011.
Aires, Maria Cristina. “As Organizações Internacionais e Seu Papel no Sistema Internacional: Uma Perspectiva Construtivista”. Tres Pontos Magazine, vol. 4, n.1, 2007. Available at: https://periodicos.ufmg.br/index.php/revistatrespontos/article/view/3216
ALADI, http://www.aladi.org/sitioaladi/?page_id=148.
“ALBA Drops the Dollar and Envisions a Military Alliance against the US.” Voltaire Network, 17 Oct. 2009, www.voltairenet.org/article162548.html.
Amitav Acharya, 'ASEAN and Conditional Engagement', in James Shinn, ed, Weaving the Net:Conditional Engagement with China, New York, Council on Foreign Relations, 1996, pp 220-248.
Arana, Roberto Gonzáles, SÁNCHES, Margarita Rosa. La Comunidad Andina de Naciones y la integración latinamericana: balances y perspectivas para el nuevo siglo. Available at: . Acesso em: 26 nov. 2017.
“ASEAN AT 50: Achievements and Challenges in Regional Integration.” https://unctad.org/en/PublicationsLibrary/gdsecidc2017d2_en.pdf.
“ASEAN Bolsters Cooperation in Human Rights.” Atuc, 9 May 2019, http://aseantuc.org/2019/05/asean-bolsters-cooperation-in-human-rights/.e
“ASEAN Countries Seek to Forge Stronger Ties against Terrorism.” Xinhua Net, 4 Oct. 2018, http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/2018-10/04/c_129965973.htm.
“ASEAN Economic Community .” Association of Southeast Asian Nations , https://asean.org/asean-economic-community/.
“ASEAN Free Trade Area (AFTA).” MITI FTA, Ministry of International Trade and Industry, 2015, https://fta.miti.gov.my/index.php/pages/view/asean-afta?mid=50.
“ASEAN: Unity in Diversity.” Thai Health 2015, vol. 1, no. 452, 2015, pp. 10–11., https://www.hiso.or.th/hiso/picture/reportHealth/ThaiHealth2015/eng2015_3.pdf.
ASLANIDIS, P. Is populism an ideology? a refutation and a new perspective. Political Studies, Surrey, p.1-17, 2015.
“ATIGA (ASEAN Trade in Goods Agreement).” Malaysia National Trade Repository , http://mytraderepository.customs.gov.my/en/mfn/aoa/Pages/atiga.aspx.
BACH, M. Carisma e racionalismo na sociologia de Max Weber. Sociologia & Antropologia, Rio de Janeiro, v. 1, n. 1, p. 51-70, 2011.
Barbosa, Gabriela. “O Construtivismo e Suas Versões No Estudo Das Relações Internacionais.” 2010, http://cdsa.aacademica.org/000-036/340.pdf.
Barkin, J. Samuel. International Organization: theories and institutions. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2006.
Barrantes, Erika M. Impacto da Política Externa Venezuelana na Conformação da Coesão Social na América Latina: o caso ALBA. 2012. 181 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Relações Internacionais) – Instituto de Filosofia e Ciências Humanas, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, 2012.
Bastos Kern, Maria Lúcia. “O Construtivismo De Joaquín Torres García e Suas Projeções Utópicas Para a América Latina.” Cadernos PROLAM/USP, 2013, pp. 86–96.
Bernal-Meza, Raúl. “Modelos o Esquemas De Integración y Cooperación En Curso En América
Bertini Pasquot Polido, Fabrício. “O Desenvolvimento Do Novo Regionalismo Asiático No Direito De Integração : Notas Sobre a ASEAN e APEC.” Revista De Informação Legislativa, Dec. 2008, pp. 305–345, https://www2.senado.leg.br/bdsf/bitstream/handle/id/176578/000860627.pdf?sequence=3.
Bhardwaj, Manu. “How ASEAN’s Diversity Can Be a Strength in the Digital Revolution.” MasterCard Center for Inclusive Growth , 24 May 2017, https://www.mastercardcenter.org/insights/asean-countries-poised-powerful-digital-leaders.
Bodenheimer, Rebecca. “What Is Latin America? Definition and List of Countries.” ThoughtCo, 28 July 2019, https://www.thoughtco.com/what-is-latin-america-4691831.
Borelli, Marguerite. “ASEAN Counter-Terrorism Weaknesses.” Counter Terrorist Trends and Analyses, vol. 9, no. 9, 2017, pp. 14–20. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/26351552.
Bueno, Clodoaldo, Ramanzini Junior, Haroldo, Vigevani, Tullo. Uma perspectiva de longo período sobre a integração latino-americana vista pelo Brasil. Contexto Internacional, v. 36, n. 2, p. 549-583, dez. 2014.
Bueno, Clodoaldo. Rio Branco e a política internacional de sua época. In: PEREIRA, Manoel Gomes (Org.). Barão do Rio Branco: 100 anos de memória. Brasília: FUNAG, 2012. p. 253-290.
Bustillos, Iván. “Alejandro De La Peña: a Integração Deveria Ser Como o Gato De Mao.” Aladi, 27 June 2018, http://www2.aladi.org/boletin/portugues/2018/mayoagosto/entrevista.htm.
Caballero, Bernardino Hugo Saguier. El Paraguay y la Integración Sudamericana. In: A América do Sul e a integração regional. Brasília: FUNAG, 2012.
Caetano, Gerardo. Uruguay y Sudamérica: Mercosur, Unasur y los Desafíos de una Nueva Inserción Internacional. In: A América do Sul e a integração regional. Brasília: FUNAG, 2012.
Calder, Kent e Ye, Min (2010) The Making of Northeast Asia, Stanford University Press, Stanford.
Canovas, Pedro. Planteamientos de la integración: evolución de la integración en Latinoamérica. on 27 mar. 2018.
CARBALLO, M.; MORENO, A. El cambio de valores en América Latina: hallazgos e la encuesta mundial de valores. México, D.F.: Centro de Estudios Sociales y de Opinión Pública; Cámara de Diputados, 2013.
Carr, E. H. Vinte anos de crise – 1919-1939. Brasília: Editora UnB/Imprensa Oficial do Estado/IPRI, 2001.
Casas, Andrés, Correa, María Elvira. ¿Qué Pasa con la Comunidad Andina de Naciones – CAN?. Papel Político, v. 12, n. 2, p. 591-632, 2007.
Cepik, Marco, Arturi, Carlos Schmidt. Tecnologias de informação e integração regional: desafios institucionais para a cooperação Sul-Americana na área de segurança. Dados, Rio de Janeiro, v. 54, n. 4, p. 651-692, 2011.
Chalermpalanupap, Termsak. “10 Facts about ASEAN Human Rights Cooperation .” Asean, https://www.asean.org/storage/images/archive/HLP-OtherDoc-1.pdf.
CHERESKY, I. El nuevo rostro de la democracia. Buenos Aires: Fondo de Cultura Económica, 2015.
Chevallier-Govers, Constance. “Antiterrorism Cooperation between the EU and ASEAN.” European Foreign Affairs Review, vol. 17, no. 1, 2012, pp. 133–156.
“Cimeira Do ALBA-TCP Traz Mensagem De União e Esperança, Maduro.” Prensa Latina , https://www.prensalatina.com.br/index.php?o=rn&id=27837&SEO=cimeira-do-albatcp-traz-mensagem-de-uniao-e-esperanca-maduro.
Clarete, Ramon, Edmonds, Christopher and Wallack, Jessica Seddon. (2003), “Asian Regionalism and its Effects on Trade in the 1980s and 1990s”. Journal of Asian Economics, vol.14, no 1, pp. 91-129.
Collinge, Daniel. “Frequently Asked Questions on ASEAN and Human Rights.” United Nations Human Rights , https://bangkok.ohchr.org/files/Regional_Dialogue_ASEAN_Background_Paper.pdf.
Comin, Daniela Cristina. As relações argentino-brasileiras: identidade coletiva e suas implicações no processo de construção do Mercosul. Universidade Estadual Paulista, 2007, pp. 37–100.
Comisión de la Comunidad Andina. Decisión 409. Reglamento de la Secretaria General de la Comunidad Andina. Lima, 25 jun. 1997.
Comisión de la Comunidad Andina. Decisión 439. Marco General de Principios y Normas para la Liberalización del Comercio de Servicios en la Comunidad Andina. Lima, 11 jun. 1998.
Comisión de la Comunidad Andina. Decisión 471. Reglamento de la Comisión de la Comunidad Andina. Lima, 12 ago. 1999.
Comisión de la Comunidad Andina. Decisión 659. Sectores de servicios objeto de profundización de la liberalización o de armonización normativa. Lima, 14 dez. 2006.
Comisión de la Comunidad Andina. Decisión 669. Politica Arancelaria de la Comunidad Andina. Lima, 13 jul. 2007.
COMUNIDAD ANDINA, http://www.comunidadandina.org/Seccion.aspx?id=189&tipo=QU&title=somos-comunidad-andina.
Cusack, Asa K. ALBA: el tratado de comercio de los pueblos y los obstáculos persistentes a la cooperación económica Sur-Sur en América Latina y el Gran Caribe. Anuario de la Integración Regional de América Latina y el Gran Caribe, Buenos Aires, n. 11, p. 187212, 2015.
Daldegan de Freitas, William. “ Aliança Bolivariana Para Os Povos De Nossa América (ALBA): as Particularidades De Um Projeto Inovador.” 3° Encontro Nacional ABRI 2011,http://www.proceedings.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=MSC0000000122011000300058&lng=en&nrm=iso.
De Almeida Freitas Lacerda, Jan Marcel. A Contribuição da Perspectiva Construtivista para o Estudo do PNUD e da OEA na Democracia Latino- Americana. Universidade Estadual Da Paraíba, 2011.
De Almeida Freitas Lacerda, Jan Marcel. A Organização dos Estados Americanos (OEA) e a Disseminação de Ideias de Democracia na América Latina. Universidade Estadual Da Paraíba, 2013.
De Mattos e Silva, Ivan Henrique. “Instituições Instituições, Organizações e Democracia Na América Latina: Um Processo Inconcluso.” Revista Agenda Politica, 30 Dec. 2017, pp. 3–8, https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/c707/14b8389e2bce1f2156101fe3b8f77c3bcc3a.pdf.
Del’Olmo, Florisbal de Souza. A Unasul como mecanismo de solução pacífica de controvérsias.
Díaz Roldán, Carmen. “Las Perturbaciones Macroeconómicas En Latinoamérica: Implicaciones En Los Procesos De Integración Económica y Monetaria.” Revista De Economía Mundial, 2016, pp. 19–41, http://www.redalyc.org/articulo.oa?id=86645578002.
Doval, Gisela Pereyra. Procesos de integración regional en Argentina y Brasil: el mismo medio para fines cada vez más disímiles. Revista de Estudos e Pesquisas sobre as Américas, v. 6, n. 1, 2012.
Dreyzin De Klor, Adriana. El Mercosur: generador de una nueva fuente de derecho internacional privado. Buenos Aires: Zavalia, 1997.
Dreyzin De Klor, Adriana. Sistema político-institucional del Mercosur. Revista de Derecho Privado y Comunitário, Santa Fé, 2005.
Drysdale, Peter, and Shiro Armstrong. “Does APEC Matter?” East Asian Forum, 8 Nov. 2009, https://www.eastasiaforum.org/2009/11/08/does-apec-matter/.
Ebbighausen, Rodion. “The ASEAN Way: Where Is It Leading?” Deutsche Welle, 7 Aug. 2017, https://p.dw.com/p/2hpM3.
Edwards, Christian. “This Year's APEC Summit Set out to Address Problems in the Pacific, but It Only Deepened the US-China Feud.” Business Insider, 20 Nov. 2018, https://www.businessinsider.com/apec-2018-failure-us-china-xi-jinping-mike-pencetension-2018-11.
“EQUADOR: RAFAEL CORREA DEFENDE FUSÃO MERCOSUL-CAN.” Globo, 11 Dec. 2006, http://g1.globo.com/Noticias/Economia_Negocios/0,,AA1382995-9356,00-EQUADOR RAFAEL CORREA DEFENDE FUSAO MERCOSULCAN.html.
Erisman, Michael H. ALBA as a neobolivarian challenge: prospects and problems. International Journal of Cuban Studies, Havana, v. 3, n. 2-3, p. 235-259, 2011.
Farrell, Mary, Hettne, Bjorn, Langenhove, Luk Van (2005) Global Politics of Regionalism - Theory and Practice, Pluto Press, London.
Febrica, Senia. “ASEAN Counterterrorism Cooperation and Human Rights Protection.” International Human Rights and Counter-Terrorism, 22 Aug. 2019, pp. 1–29., https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-10-3894-5_10-2.
Febrica, Senia. “Securitizing Terrorism in Southeast Asia Accounting for the Varying Responses of Singapore and Indonesia.” Asian Survey, vol. 50, no. 3, 2010, pp. 569–590., https://www.gla.ac.uk/media/Media_157983_smxx.pdf.
Ferraro, Francine, and Mariele Christ. “A Cooperação Técnica Brasileira Para a América Latina à Luz Da Teoria Construtivista Nas Relações Internacionais.” Sept. 2015, https://www.ufrgs.br/sicp/wp-content/uploads/2015/09/2.-FERRARO-Francine-e-CHRIST-Mariele-A-Cooperação-Técnica-Brasileira-para-a-América-Latina-à-Luz-da-Teoria-Construtivista-nas-Relações-Internacionais.pdf.
Figueiredo, Danniel. “Prosul: Entenda o Novo Bloco Sul-Americano.” Politize!, 3 Apr. 2019, https://www.politize.com.br/prosul/.
Fisher, Charles Alfred. “Southeast Asia: The Balkans of The Orient? A Study in Continuity and Change.” Geography, vol. 47, no. 4, Nov. 1962, pp. 347–367.
Florencio, Sérgio Abreu e Lima, Araujo, Ernesto Henrique Fraga. MERCOSUR: proyecto, realidad y perspectivas. Trad. Maria del Carmen Hernández Gonçalves. Brasília: VestCon, 1997.
Frank Frost, 'Introduction: ASEAN Since 1967 - Origins, Evolution and Recent Developments', in Alison Broinowski, ed, ASEAN into the 1990s, London, MacMillan, 1990, pp 1-31.
FREIDENBERG, F. La tentación populista: una vía al poder en America Latina. Madrid: Síntesis, 2007.
Frost, Frank. “ASEAN at 30: Enlargement, Consolidation and the Problems of Cambodia.” Home – Parliament of Australia, CorporateName=Commonwealth-Parliament, Address=Parliament House, Canberra, ACT, 2600, Contact= 61 2 6277 7111, Aug. 1997,https://www.aph.gov.au/About_Parliament/Parliamentary_Departments/Parliamentary_Library/Publications_Archive/CIB/CIB9798/98cib02.
Garcia Lorenzo, Tania. El ALBA visto desde el Caribe: entre la realidad y los sueños. Anuario de la Integración Regional de América Latina y el Gran Caribe, Buenos Aires, v. 9, p. 207-232, 2012.
González, Gabriel. “A Unasul Agoniza.” Deutsche Welle, 14 Aug. 2018, https://www.dw.com/pt-br/a-unasul-agoniza/a-45076395.
Guimaraes, Débora Messenberg, Barros, Flávia Lessa de, Pinto, Júlio Roberto de Souza. Democracia na América Latina: Desafios e perspectivas. Disponível em: http:. Acesso em: 10 maio de 2016.
Harvie, Charles and Lee, Hyun-Hoon. (2002), “New Regionalism in East Asia: How Does it Relate to the East Asian Economic Development Model?”.ASEAN Economic Bulletin, vol. 19, n° 2, pp. 123-140
Herz, Mônica, and Andrea Ribeiro Hoffmann. “Contribuições Teóricas Para o Estudo De Organizações Internacionais.” Informação&Política, 2004, http://informacaoepolitica.blogspot.com/2010/08/contribuicoes-teoricas-para-o-estudo-de.html.
Howe, Brendan M., and Ming Joung Park . “The Evolution of the ‘ASEAN Way’: Embracing Human Security Perspectives.” Asia-Pacific Social Science Review, vol. 16, no. 3, Jan. 2017, pp. 1–15.
HV, Vinayak, et al. “Understanding ASEAN: Seven Things You Need to Know.” McKinsey & Company , May 2014, https://www.mckinsey.com/industries/public-sector/ourinsights/understanding-asean-seven-things-you-need-to-know.
Ibanez, Josep. El nuevo regionalismo latinoamericano en los años noventa. Revista Electrónica de Estudios Internacionales, v. 1, p. 1-11, 2000.
In Direito da Integração Regional: Diálogos entre jurisdições na América Latina. São Paulo: Saraiva, 2015.
Introduction to Southeast Asia. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://asiasociety.org/education/introduction-southeast-asia
Ito , Mitsuomi (2017) The evolution of regional awareness and regionalism in Southeast Asia / Ito Mitsuomi. PhD thesis, University of Malaya.
Jachson, Robert & Sorensen, Georg. Introdução às Relações Internacionais, Rio de Janeiro, Zahar Publisher, 2007.
James Clad, 'Regionalism in Southeast Asia: A Bridge Too far?', in Southeast Asian Affairs 1997, Singapore, Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, 1997, p 6.
Joy-Ogwu, U. “La Cooperación Sur-Sur: Problemas, Posibilidades y Perspectivas En Una Relación Emergente .” Nueva Sociedad, May 1982, pp. 27–38, https://www.nuso.org/media/articles/downloads/958_1.pdf?fbclid=IwAR1gvehuJah4ZWfozhT98DyE-0Ff0wTjTTL1kBReqJP8OFqwA4iObOuvxRw.
Kang, David «Hierarchy, Balancing, and Empirical Puzzles in Asian International Relations», International Security, vol. 28, nº. 3 (Winter 2003-04), p. 165-180
Keohane, R. "International Institutions: Two Approaches". Internacional Studies Quaterly, v. 32. n. 4, p. 379, 396, 1988.
Keohane, Robert and Nye, Joseph (2000) Power and Interdependence, 3rd Edition, Longman, New York .
Kihl, Young, «Building an East Asian Regional Order: Testing of Propositions», Policy, Governance, and Security Series, East-West Center, nº 16, November 2006.
Kiithi , Mauro. “O Mercosul Deu Errado? Integração Regional Sob Duas Perspectivas Teóricas.” Jus, Mar. 2019, https://jus.com.br/artigos/72675/o-mercosul-deu-errado.
Kim, Samuel (2004) The International Relations of Northeast Asia, Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc., Oxford.
Kissinger, Henry (1994) Diplomacy, The Easton Press, New York.
Kliem , Frederick. “ASEAN Imperfect: The Changing Nature of Southeast Asian Regionalism.” Panorama Journal: Insights into Asian and European Affairs, vol. 1, July 2018, pp. 23–33., https://www.kas.de/c/document_library/get_file?uuid=2537e656-df28-339b-1d2097200d82a368&groupId=288143.
Kobayashi, Eliza. “Como Surgiu e Como Funciona o Mercosul?” Nova Escola, Nova Escola, Aug. 2009, https://novaescola.org.br/conteudo/2274/como-surgiu-e-como-funciona-o-mercosul.
Kratochwil, F. Rules, norms, and decisions: on the conditions of practical and legal reasoning in international relations and domestic affairs. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989.
LACLAU, E. La razión populista. México: Fondo de Cultura Económica, 2006. LAPOP. Barómetro das Américas. Nashville: Lapop, 2014.
Lafer, Celso. “Dilemas Da América Latina Num Mundo Em Transformação.” Lua Nova, vol. 18, Aug. 1989, pp. 25–40., http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0102-64451989000300003.
Lapid, Y. "The Third Debate: On the Prospects of International Theory in PostPositivist Era". International Studies Quaterly, v. 33, n. 3, p. 235-254, 1989.
Latina (UNASUR, Alianza Del Pacífico, ALBA, CELAC): Una Mirada Panorámica.” Ibero-Online.de, June 2013, https://core.ac.uk/download/pdf/79476813.pdf?fbclid=IwAR2vrKzT3s7pFUTzbdfQb2jw3TYOnT8uh4DXIYVfgIBAwvB68pnIaCUOoDw.
Lechini, Gladys. “La Cooperación Sur-Sur y La Búsqueda De Autonomía En América Latina: ¿Mito o Realidad?” Relaciones Internacionales, vol. 12, Oct. 2009, https://repositorio.uam.es/bitstream/handle/10486/678180/RI_12_4.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y.
Lechini, Gladys. “La Cooperación Sur-Sur y La Búsqueda De Autonomía En América Latina: ¿Mito o Realidad?” Relaciones Internacionales, 2009, pp. 55–81, http://hdl.handle.net/10486/678180.
Legler, Thomas, Santa Cruz, Arturo. El patrón contemporáneo del multilateralismo latinoamericano. Pensamiento Propio, v. 16, p. 11-34, 2011.
Lima, Thiago. Segurança e livre comércio: a política comercial dos Estados Unidos para a América Latina. In: AYERBE, Luis F. (Org.). De Clinton a Obama: políticas dos Estados Unidos para a América Latina. São Paulo: UNESP, 2009, p. 93-108.
Mahbubani, Kishore, and Kristen Tang. “ASEAN: An Unexpected Success Story.” The Cairo Review, vol. 29, 2018, pp. 110–116., https://www.thecairoreview.com/essays/asean-an-unexpected-success-story/.
MANIN, B. As metamorfoses do governo representativo. Revista Brasileira de Ciências Sociais, São Paulo, v.10, n.29, p.5-34, 1995. Rev. Cadernos de Campo | Araraquara | n. 25 | p. 269-287 | jul./dez. 2018 | E-ISSN 2359-2419 287
Marzagão, Thiago. “O Terceiro Fracasso Do Mercosul.” Estadão , 5 Feb. 2011, https://opiniao.estadao.com.br/noticias/geral,o-terceiro-fracasso-do-mercosulimp-,675591.
Masilamani, Logan, and Jimmy Peterson. “The ‘ASEAN Way’: The Structural Underpinnings of Constructive Engagement.” Foreign Policy Journal , 15 Oct. 2014, pp. 1–21., https://www.foreignpolicyjournal.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/10/141015Masilamani-Peterson-ASEAN.pdf.
MERCOSUR, https://www.mercosur.int/en/about-mercosur/operations/.
“Mercosul é Um Fracasso, e o Principal Responsável é o Brasil.” InfoMoney , 3 Aug. 2018, https://www.infomoney.com.br/colunistas/um-brasil/mercosul-e-um-fracasso-e-oprincipal-responsavel-e-o-brasil/.
Muhr, Thomas. “Bolivarian Globalization? The New Left's Struggle in Latin America and the Caribbean to Negotiate a Revolutionary Approach to Humanitarian Militarism and International Intervention.” Globalizations, vol. 9, no. 1, Feb. 2012, pp. 145–159., http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14747731.2012.627725.
Munir Khasru, Syed. “What We’Ve Achieved and the Challenges Ahead – 50 Years of ASEAN.” World Economic Forum, 14 Nov. 2017, https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2017/11/whats-weve-achieved-and-the-challenges-ahead-50-years-of-asean/.
Muntarbhorn, Vitit. “'Asean Human Rights Law' Taking Shape.” Bangkok Post, 11 May 2017, https://www.bangkokpost.com/opinion/opinion/1247414/asean-human-rights-law-taking-shape.
Ness, Gayl D., Brechin, Steven R. Bridging the Gap: International Organizations as Organizations. 1987. Access on: 27 mar. 2018..
Nitsch Bressan, Regiane, and Bruno Theodoro Luciano. “A Comunidade Andina No Século XXI: Entre Bolivarianos e a Aliança Do Pacífico.” Rev. Sociol. Polit., Mar. 2018, pp. 62–80, http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1678-987317266504.
Nogueira, João Pontes and Messari, Nizar. Teoria das Relações Internacionais: correntes e debates. RJ: Elsevier, 2005
Oba, Mie. “Challenges for ASEAN As It Turns 50.” The Diplomat, The Diplomat, 17 Oct. 2017, https://thediplomat.com/2017/10/challenges-for-asean-as-it-turns-50/.
Oliveira Junior, M. J. (2016, June 13). Uma introdução ao regionalismo asiático: A ASEAN. Retrieved December 27, 2018, from http://observatorio.repri.org/artigos/uma-introducao-ao-regionalismo-asiatico-a-asean/
Oliveira, Rodrigo Rios Faria de. UNASUL: sua implementação. 1.ed. São Paulo: Baraúna, 2014.
PANEBIANCO, A. Evitar a política? Novos Estudos CEBRAP, São Paulo, v.2, n.35, p.51-57, 1996.
Parlament of Honduras ratifica saída da Alba. Folha de São Paulo, São Paulo, 13 jan. 2010, Mundo. Disponível em: http://www1.folha.uol.com.br/folha/mundo/ult94u678442.shtml. Acesso em: 10 jun. 2017.
Passarelli Hamann, Eduarda. “Organizações Internacionais: História e Práticas.” Contexto Internacional, vol. 27, no. 1, Jan. 2005, pp. 217–224., http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S010285292005000100006.
Paul Kelly, 'United region balances the China factor', The Australian, 30 July 1997.
Pecequillo, Cristina Soreanu, Carmo, Corival Alves do. O Brasil e a América do Sul: relações regionais e globais. Rio de Janeiro: Alta Books, 2015.
Pedroso, Carolina S. Os projetos políticos de Brasil e Venezuela para a América do Sul do século XXI: a Unasul e a ALBA em uma perspectiva comparada. São Paulo: Cultura Acadêmica, 2014.
“Piñera Diz Que Excesso De Ideologia Provocou Fracasso Da Unasul.” Efe , 18 Feb. 2019, https://www.efe.com/efe/brasil/mundo/pinera-diz-que-excesso-de-ideologia-provocou-fracasso-da-unasul/50000243-3901371.
“Population, total – Latin America & Caribbean.” Data.worldbank.org, Worldbank, Dec. 2019, https://data.worldbank.org/indicators/SP.POP.TOTL?locations=ZJ
Portal ALBA, http://www.portalalba.org/index.php/alba/antecedentes-historicos-del-alba.
Power, Timothy J., and Giselle D. Jamison. “Desconfiança Política Na América Latina.” Opinião Pública, Mar. 2015, pp. 64–93, http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S010462762005000100003.
“Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP).” Association of Southeast Asian Nations, 3 Oct. 2016, https://asean.org/?static_post=rcep-regional-comprehensive-economic-partnership.
Ribeiro, Elisa de Sousa, Gontijo, André Pires, Antunes, Eloisa Maieski (Coord.). Guia de Organizações das Américas. Brasília: UniCEUB, 2018.
Ribeiro, Elisa. Instituições e integração regional na América do Sul: uma análise comparativa entre Aladi, Mercosul e Unasul. 2016. Tese (Doutorado) – Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências Sociais, Universidade de Brasília, Brasília, 2016.
Robin , Anais. “ASEAN Trade in Goods Agreement: Local Content Requirements.” ASEAN Briefing , 2 Oct. 2018, https://www.aseanbriefing.com/news/2018/10/02/asean-trade-in-goods-agreement-atiga-local-content-requirements.html.
Sato, Eiiti. Conflito e cooperação nas relações internacionais: as organizações internacionais no século XXI. Rev. Bras. Polít. Int., v. 46, n. 2, p. 161-176, 2003.
Sebastien, Leonard C. “The ASEAN Response to Terrorism.” UNISCI Discussion Papers, no. 2, May 2003, pp. 1–8., https://www.redalyc.org/pdf/767/76711296010.pdf.
Seintefus, Ricardo. Manual das organizações internacionais. 4. ed. Porto Alegre: Livraria do Advogado Editora, 2005.
Sent Tan, See. “Not Quite Beyond the ‘ASEAN Way’? Southeast Asia’s Evolution to RulesBased Management of Intra-ASEAN Differences.” Building ASEAN Community: Political–Security and Socio-Cultural Reflections, vol. 4, 2017, pp. 67–87., http://www.eria.org/ASEAN_at_50_4A.5_Tan_final.pdf.
Serbin, Andrés. Chávez, Venezuela y la reconfiguración política de América Latina y el Caribe. Buenos Aires: Siglo XXI Editora Iberoamericana, 2011a.
Serbin, Andrés. Cuando la limosna es grande: el Caribe, Chávez y los límites de la diplomacia petrolera. Nueva Sociedad, Buenos Aires, n. 205, p. 75-91, set./out. 2006.
Serbin, Andrés. Regionalismo y soberanía nacional en América Latina: lecciones aprendidas y nuevos desafíos. Anuario CEIPAZ 2011-2012: El mundo a la deriva: crisis y pugnas de poder. Madrid, 2011b.
Severino, Rodolfo C. “THE ASEAN WAY AND THE RULE OF LAW.” Association of Southeast Asian Nations , 31 July 2012, https://asean.org/?static_post=the-asean-way-and-the-rule-of-law.
Sharma, Shalendra. (2002), “Beyond ASEAN and APEC: Towards a New Asia-Pacific Economic Regionalism”. East Asia Review, vol. 14, n° 3, pp. 37-48.
Silva Euzebio, Douglas Fabian. A Integração Regional na América Latina à Luz da Teoria Construtivist: Entre o Regionalismo Aberto e o Regionalismo Pós-Liberal, 2016, https://lume.ufrgs.br/bitstream/handle/10183/166144/001026488.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y.
Simmons, Beth, Martin, Lisa. International Organizations and Institutions. In: CARLSBAD, Thoma Kisse, SIMONS, Beth (Eds). Handbook of International Relations. São Paulo: Sage, 2001. p. 192-211
SISTEMA ECONÓMICO LATINOAMERICANO Y DEL CARIBE. El ALBA-TCP como mecanismo de cooperación de alcance regional. In: . Retrieved on 10 jun. 2017.
SISTEMA UNITARIO DE COMPENSACIÓN REGIONAL DE PAGOS. ¿Qué es el SUCRE? In: . Retrieved on: 18 jan. 2013.
“Southeast Asia’s Diversity Offers Huge Benefits to Multinationals, Claims ASEAN Secretary General.” Asia House, 16 June 2015, https://asiahouse.org/news-and-views/southeast-asias-diversity-offers-huge-benefits-multinationals-claims-asean-secretary-general/.
Stella, Marco Dalla. L’UNASUR e l’integrazione regionale in America del Sud. 2012. 154 f. Dissertação (Mestrado) – Corso di Laurea Magistrale in Relazioni Internazionali Comparate, Università Ca’Foscari Venezia, Veneza, 2012.
Szczudlik-Tatar, J. (2013). Regionalism in East Asia: A Bumpy Road to Asian Integration. [online] Pism.pl. Available at: https://www.pism.pl/files/?id_plik=14176 [Accessed 9 Nov. 2018].
Tesch, Renata. Qualitative Research: Analysis Types and Software Tools. The Falmer Press, 1990.
“Treasures within Asean’s Diversity.” The Star Online , 18 Feb. 2019, https://www.thestar.com.my/news/regional/2019/02/18/treasures-within-aseans-diversity-thailand-seeks-to-develop-arts-and-culture-industry-via-mutual-coo.
UNASUL, Ministério Das Relações Exteriores, http://www.itamaraty.gov.br/pt-BR/politicaexterna/integracao-regional/20238-unasul.
Uruguay, Ministers of Foreign Affairs. 1980 Treaty of Montevideo. Sice, http://www.sice.oas.org/trade/montev_tr/Montev1e.asp.
Vargas-Alzate, Luis Fernando. “Latin American Integration: The Dilemma.” E-International Relations, 10 Oct. 2019, https://www.e-ir.info/2019/10/10/latin-american-integration-the-dilemma/.
Verdelio, Andreia. “Brasil Formaliza Saída Da Unasul Para Integrar Prosul.” Agência Brasil, Agencia Brasil, 16 Apr. 2019, http://agenciabrasil.ebc.com.br/internacional/noticia/2019-04/brasil-formaliza-saidada-unasul-para-integrar-prosul.
Verdélio, Andreia. “Brasil Formaliza Saída Da Unasul Para Integrar Prosul.” EBC, 16 Apr. 2019, http://agenciabrasil.ebc.com.br/internacional/noticia/2019-04/brasil-formalizasaida-da-unasul-para-integrar-prosul.
Vieira, Jeferson de Castro. As experiências de integração da ALALC e ALADI. Revista de Estudos e Pesquisas Sobre as Américas, v. 9, n. 1, p. 27-56, 2015.
Vigevani, Tullo, Junior, Haroldo Ramanzini. Autonomia, integração regional e política externa brasileira: Mercosul e Unasul. Dados, Rio de Janeiro, v. 57, n. 2, p. 517-552, jun. 2014.
WEBER, M. Ensaios de sociologia. Rio de Janeiro: LTC, 1982.
Wendt, A. Anarchy is what states make of it: the social construction of power politics. IN: VIOTTI, Paul. KAUPPI, Mark. Intrenational Relations Theory. p. 434-458. Social Theory of International Politics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999. In: http://books.google.com.br/books?id=s2xjEd0ww2sC&dq=Social+Theory+of+International+Politics&printsec=frontcover&source=bn&hl=ptBR&ei=gmnKS920CcGLuAfLl_mIBQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result#v=onepage &q&f=false
“WHAT IS RCEP.” Business Standard , https://www.business-standard.com/about/what-is-rcep.
Zehfuss, Maja. “Constructivism in International Relations: Wendt, Onuf, and Kratochwil”, in Karin Fierke e Knud Erik Jorgensen (eds), Constructing International Relations. The Next Generation, M.E. Sharpe, New York/London. 2001. p. 54-75


Figures and Appendixes

Figure 1: ASEAN Diversity. “Aspects of Diferentiation among ASEAN Members.” Hiso.or.th, Thai Health, 2015, https://www.hiso.or.th/hiso/picture/reportHealth/ThaiHealth2015/eng2015_3.pdf.
Figure 2: Furian, Peter Hermes. “Visual Representation of Latin America.” ThoughtCo, July 2019, https://www.thoughtco.com/what-is-latin-america-4691831.
Figure 3: Visual Representation of Southeast Asia. “Southeast Asia”. Source: Loyola University Chicago. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.luc.edu/asianstudies/map_resources.shtml
Figure 4: “The 10 ASEAN Member States.”Visual Representation of the ASEAN Member Countries in a Map Portraying the Southeast Asia. Www.weforum.org, World Economic Forum, May 2017, https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2017/05/what-is-asean-explainer/.
Figure 5: “ALBA-TCP Members Distribution in Latin America” “Geographicdata.com.br.” Geographicdata.com.br, UNICEUB, https://repositorio.uniceub.br/jspui/handle/235/12111.
Figure 6: “ALADI Members Distribution in Latin America” “Geographicdata.com.br.” Geographicdata.com.br, UNICEUB, https://repositorio.uniceub.br/jspui/handle/235/12111.
Figure 7: “CAN Members Distribution in Latin America” “Geographicdata.com.br.” Geographicdata.com.br, UNICEUB, https://repositorio.uniceub.br/jspui/handle/235/12111.
Figure 8: “MERCOSUR Members Distribution in Latin America” “Geographicdata.com.br.” Geographicdata.com.br, UNICEUB, https://repositorio.uniceub.br/jspui/handle/235/12111.
Figure 9: “UNASUR Members Distribution in Latin America” “Geographicdata.com.br.” Geographicdata.com.br, UNICEUB, https://repositorio.uniceub.br/jspui/handle/235/12111.
Figure 10: ASEAN Annual GDP Growth by Country 2014-2016 (ASEAN Secretariat, as of October 2017), 2017/p and 2018/p (Asian Development Bank, Asian Development Outlook, as of September 2019).
Figure 11: “ASEAN Trade Statistics” Institutional.matthewasia.com, ASEAN, Oct. 2016, https://institutional.matthewsasia.com/asean-finding-growth-in-a-slowing-global-economy/.
Figure 12: Failure and Success Classification Table. Developed by author; based on the research results.
論文使用權限
  • 同意紙本無償授權給館內讀者為學術之目的重製使用,於2020-03-05公開。
  • 同意授權瀏覽/列印電子全文服務,於2020-03-05起公開。


  • 若您有任何疑問,請與我們聯絡!
    圖書館: 請來電 (02)2621-5656 轉 2486 或 來信