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系統識別號 U0002-0408201400431300
中文論文名稱 早川雪:語意學與美國文化理解
英文論文名稱 Samuel I. Hayakawa: Semantics and Cultural Understanding in US
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 美洲研究所博士班
系所名稱(英) Graduate Institute of The Americas
學年度 102
學期 2
出版年 103
研究生中文姓名 吳穎錫
研究生英文姓名 Yin-Shi Wu
學號 895250016
學位類別 博士
語文別 英文
第二語文別 其他
口試日期 2014-06-17
論文頁數 143頁
口試委員 指導教授-李本京
委員-趙國材
委員-閻嘯平
委員-柯大衛
委員-郭岱宗
中文關鍵字 早川雪  語意學  英語學習技巧  語意構圖教學法  英語與西班牙語廣告 
英文關鍵字 S.I. Hayakawa  General Semantics  English Learning Skills  Semantic Mapping  English-Spanish Advertisement 
學科別分類
中文摘要 美國加州參議員早川雪(Samuel Ichiyé Hayakawa)博士,曾經擔
任舊金山州立大學語意學教授並且成為該校校長。早川雪博士不僅
在美國同時也在世界成功推廣阿爾弗雷德·•科日布斯基的非亞里士
多德語言體系的語意學研究,因此早川雪博士成為美國知名語意學
者。在本博士論文中,筆者提出早川雪的語意學不僅影響當代語言
學的應用,此研究一方面理解語言表達的實用性,另一方面可以輔
助英語學習技巧,最終反應社會活動的真實涵義。
早川雪博士的語意學研究須通透過字詞和字意分析,理解文化和
語言兩者對語文表辭的重要性。由於移民的身份背景,早川雪博士
也強調英語在美國社會中的重要性。在本論文中,作者提出加州墨
西哥移民的研究,凸顯英語是文化與社會的重要連結。最後作者運
用早川雪的語意學進行相關英語學習技巧的延伸研究,由此看出早
川雪博士的語意學研究在美國學術界以及政界具有重要影響力。
英文摘要 Samuel Ichiyé Hayakawa the Senator of California, university professor and ex-president of San
Francisco State College in United States. Dr. Hayakawa is an international scholar who successfully
promoted Alfred Korzybski’s semantics of non-Aristotelian system not only in the U.S. but in the world.
He contributed greatly to the knowledge of General Semantics and addressed the importance of English
in US society. Moreover there are many scholars who applied Hayakawa’s semantics into their linguistics
research and English learning; it can be seen that Hayakawa has had a significant influence in U.S.
academics.
In this doctoral research, the author presents the importance of Hayakawa’s semantics that affect
the application of linguistic knowledge and expression in the process of language. Hayakawa’s semantics
needs to be analyzed through its linguistic applications that are related to culture and language to consider
its vital influences in linguistics in society. The implications of Hayakawa’s theories identify not only the
practices of language expression but also explain the influence of social events upon the meanings of
words. According to his background, the author discusses Mexican Americans in California to illustrate
the relation of language and culture that refer to Dr. Hayakawa’s ideas of English in the US. In the last
part of this research, the author studies the extended analysis of language learning and cultural
understanding by implementing Dr. Hayakawa’s semantics. In fact, Dr. Hayakawa is a most important US
scholar and politician.
論文目次 1. CAPTER ONE:INTRODUCTION----------------------------------------1
1.1 Significance of Study---------------------------------------------6
1.2 Purpose of Study------------------------------------------------8
1.3 Educational Justification-----------------------------------------11
1.4 Theoretical Justification------------------------------------------13
1.5 Research Question----------------------------------------------20
1.6 Hypothesis----------------------------------------------------22
1.7 Organization of Study-------------------------------------------26
1.8 Research Methodology ------------------------------------------27
Document Analysis--------------------------------------------------27

2. CHAPTER TOW: LITERATURE REVIEW----------------------------------30
2.1 General Semantics: Language Learning ----------------------------33
2.2 General Semantics: English Learning ------------------------------37
2.3 Semantic Mapping in English Learning-----------------------------41
2.4 Language and Communication in General Semantics ----------------45

3. CHAPTER THREE: S.I. HAYAKAWA’S LIFE IN US -------------------------51
3.1 San Francisco State College: Hayakawa’s Leadership Style in the 60s ----56
3.2 Student Movement in San Francisco State College -------------------59
3.3 Senator Hayakawa: English as Official Language in US ----------------62

4. CHAPTER FOUR: HAYAKAWA’S SEMANTICS ----------------------------67
4.1 Functions of Hayakawa’s Semantics -------------------------------69
4.2 Language as Symbol--------------------------------------------72
4.3 Abstraction Ladder: Bessie the Cow -------------------------------76

5. CHAPTER FIVE: LANGUAGE AND CULTURE: COMMUNICATIVE TOOL
AND SOCIETY IN US ---------------------------------81
5.1 English as Hegemonic Approach in Society --------------------------85
5.2 English and Social Barrier: Mexican American in California -------------89
5.2.1 Historical Background: California Demographics--------------------94
5.2.2 The Changing Geography of Mexican Immigration ------------------99
5.2.3 Problem of Acculturation in U.S. society--------------------------101
5.2.4 Poverty and Economy Embarrassment----------------------------104
5.2.5 Limited English Proficiency-------------------------------------107
5.2.6 The California Society Values -----------------------------------111
5.3 English Semantics: Semantic Mapping Learning----------------------113
5.4 Linguistic Learning: English and Spanish Advertisement---------------117

6. CONCLUSION ---------------------------------------------------124
7. BIOGRAPHY-----------------------------------------------------131

LIST OF TABLE

Table 1: Alfred Korzybski: Aristotelian System and Non-Aristotelian System---13
Table 2: Effective Leadership Styles: Soft and Hard Power Skills--------------57
Table 3. Two Meanings of Good Leadership------------------------------60
Table 4: Abstraction Ladder: Bessie the Cow-----------------------------77
Table 5: The Mexicans Population in Southern States 2005-2010------------94
Table 6: The Two Major States in which Mexicans Live---------------------97
Table 7: Name of Company -----------------------------------------121
Table 8: Clothing Advertisement-------------------------------------121

LIST OF FIGURE

Figure 1: Abstraction Ladder------------------------------------------78
Figure 2: English-Speaking Ability for the Top Ten Languages in 2011-------90
Figure 3: Population Dynamics in California-----------------------------92
Figure 4: The Three Major States in which Mexicans Live (%)----------------97
Figure 5: Mexico Foreign Born 1990------------------------------------97
Figure 6: Mexico Foreign Born 2001------------------------------------98
Figure 7: Foreign Born by Region Birth 2000-2005----------------------100
Figure 8: Foreign Born by Region Birth 2000-2005----------------------100
Figure 9 : The Poverty Rates of Immigrants Group in US------------------105
Figure 10: Dominant Language Among Latinos-------------------------107
Figure 11: Self-Identity for Mexicans----------------------------------111
Figure 12: Living Status for Mexicans in US-----------------------------112
Figure 13: Semantic Mapping: Olympics-------------------------------114
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