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系統識別號 U0002-0407201616062700
中文論文名稱 瑪麗雪萊《科學怪人》之酷兒研究:謀殺/殺人的維克多‧法蘭克斯坦
英文論文名稱 The Queer Case of Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein or the Modern Prometheus: (The) Murdering Victor Frankenstein
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 英文學系碩士班
系所名稱(英) Department of English
學年度 104
學期 2
出版年 105
研究生中文姓名 洪偉翔
研究生英文姓名 Wei-Hsiang Hung
學號 699110242
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
第二語文別 英文
口試日期 2016-06-06
論文頁數 123頁
口試委員 指導教授-陳佩筠
委員-林婉瑄
委員-鄧秋蓉
中文關鍵字 瑪麗雪萊  《科學怪人》  外貌  酷兒研究 
英文關鍵字 Mary Shelley  Frankenstein  physiognomy  queer study 
學科別分類 學科別人文學語言文學
中文摘要 在論文中,我主張維克多‧法蘭克斯坦是位活在維多莉亞時期 這極為重視婚姻及家庭生活並恐同社會下的一名同性戀者,而這異 性戀價值觀為準的社會使維克多承受過大的壓力,並使他創造出另 一個自我─怪物,進而犯下所有小說中的謀殺案,當然也包括最後 他因過度絕望而自殺。
於論述過程,首先藉由小說和電影改編來檢視怪物的形象和型 體。如此一來,也證明怪物本真實存在的觀點。接下來透過小說本 身對於維克多和怪物形體許多模糊不清的敘述,以及小說和電影呈 現維克多和怪物語言使用的重疊性進一步證實法蘭克斯坦和怪物實 為單一個體。
於結論中,我闡述小說中謀殺案的動機是出於維克多長期壓抑 其同性戀的結果,於此,我主張在維多莉亞時期,維克多‧法蘭克 斯坦為一名單一異性戀價值觀的受害者,同時也是犯下所有謀殺案 的兇手。
英文摘要 The thesis provides a queer reading of Mary Shelley’s well known novel Frankenstein or the Modern Prometheus by scrutinizing the text and the comparison among the film adaptations, including Frankenstein (1910), Bride of Frankenstein (1935), Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein (1994), The Frankenstein Theory (2013), I, Frankenstein (2014), and the latest film adaptation Victor Frankenstein (2015).
In the thesis, I argue that Victor Frankenstein is a homosexual living in the Victorian era when the homophobic society vastly values domestic life and marriage. The heteronormative society distresses Victor so much that he creates the monster as his alter ego and commits all the murders, including killing himself due to desperation in the end.
To make such claim, I examine the monster representation and physiognomy first to present how the novel and film adaptations construct the image of the monster. In so doing, I also prove the common belief on the monster’s physical existence. Then I move forward to examine some ambiguous passages describing Victor and the monster both in the novel and film adaptations. Not only the physiognomy but also does the overlapping language use of Victor and the monster enable us to conclude that Victor and the monster is in fact the same unity. Finally, I explain the murder cases based upon Victor’s homosexuality which has been repressed to a certain extent until he could not bear it anymore and commits the crime. Victor Frankenstein, as I contend, is both a victim and murderer in the Victorian era.
論文目次 Table of Contents
Introduction ………………………………………………………………………………………………1
Chapter I: Physiognomy ………………………………………………………………………31
Chapter II: Double and Uni ………………………………………………………………..50
Chapter III: (The) Murdering Victor ………………………………………………74
Conclusion ……………………………………………………………………………………………….104
Works Cited …………………………………………………………………………………………….119
參考文獻 Works Cited
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London Bette. “Mary Shelley, Frankenstein, and the Spectacle of
Masculinity.” PMLA 108.2 (1993): 253-267. JSTOR. Web. 03 Aug.
2015.
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Nineteenth-Century Britain.” Past & Present 139 (1993): 90-130.
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Schor, Esther. “Frankenstein and film.” The Cambridge Companion to Mary
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Sedgwick, Eve Kosofsky. Between Men: English Literature and Male
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Shelley, Mary. Frankenstein or the Modern Prometheus. New York: Modern
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Stevenson, Robert Louis. The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde.
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The Frankenstein Theory. Dir. Andrew Weiner. Image Entertainment, 2013.
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The Imitation Game. Dir. Morten Tyldum. Perf. Benedict Cumberbatch,
Keira Knightley, and Matthew Goode. Studio Canal, 2014. Film.
The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen. Dir. Stephen Norrington. 20th
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Victor Frankenstein. Dir. Paul McGuigan. 20th Century Fox, 2015. Film.
Watt, Ian. The Rise of the Novel: Studies in Defoe, Richardson and Fielding.
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Wilde, Oscar. The Picture of Dorian Gray. London: Penguin Group, 2012.
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Young, Elizabeth. “Here Comes the Bride: Wedding Gender and Race in
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Web. 03 Aug. 2015.
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