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系統識別號 U0002-0407200710192900
中文論文名稱 隔熱膠膜之光學性質
英文論文名稱 Optical Properties of Heat Insulation Films
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 機械與機電工程學系碩士班
系所名稱(英) Department of Mechanical and Electro-Mechanical Engineering
學年度 95
學期 2
出版年 96
研究生中文姓名 林家德
研究生英文姓名 Chia-Te Lin
學號 694340265
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
口試日期 2007-05-21
論文頁數 75頁
口試委員 指導教授-林清彬
委員-張子欽
委員-劉文欽
中文關鍵字 隔熱膠膜  六硼化鑭  光學性質  耐久性質 
英文關鍵字 Heat Insulation Films  Lanthanum hexboride  Optical Properties  Durable Properties 
學科別分類 學科別應用科學機械工程
中文摘要 本研究係以自行合成之有機染料,加入六硼化鑭和氧化銻錫兩種阻擋近紅外線材料,與UV膠混煉後進行曝光製造出一隔熱膠膜,並針對六硼化鑭進行不同溫度燒結製造出來的隔熱膜分別做一光譜分析,及進行飛散及耐久測試。實驗合成出之染料其良好之耐熱性質適合應用在隔熱膠膜上,有助於隔熱膠膜之耐久性質;六硼化鑭經高溫燒結會從原來LaB6相轉變為LaB3O6相,隨著燒結溫度升高造成表面氧化情形更加明顯,顏色由原來深變為淡。未經燒結之六硼化鑭搭配染料,及摻入氧化銻錫的情形之下,製作出隔熱膠膜可以在近紅外線阻擋約55%的穿透;隔熱膠膜經飛散測試之後證明安全毋庸置疑;隔熱膠膜經環測、剝離強度試驗之後,觀察玻璃表面未發現有殘膠之情形。
英文摘要 In this thesis, self-made synthetic organic dyes and added LaB6 and antimony tin oxide two blocked near infrared materials, then mixing with UV resin and exposure to manufacture a heat insulation film, and against LaB6 at different sintering temperature manufacturing the heat insulation film were doing an spectrum analysis, and for glass scattering and durability testing. Experimental synthesized dyes its good heat resistant properties suitable for heat insulation films, and contribute to the heat insulation films’ durable properties; LaB6 sintered at high temperature from the original phase (LaB6 phase) transformation to LaB3O6 phase, With the sintering temperature arise, oxidation of the surface caused significantly more obviously, the original colors deep into desalination. Without sintering's LaB6 mix dyes, and added antimony tin oxide, heat insulation films produced in the near-infrared blocked about 55%. After glass scattering testing, the heat insulation films proved beyond doubt safety. The heat insulation films measured by environment testing、peel strength testing, observation of the glass surface is not aware of any residues of cases.
論文目次 總目錄
中文摘要 I
英文摘要 II
總目錄 III
圖目錄 V
表目錄 VII
壹、導論 1
1-1 前言 1
1-2 文獻回顧 2
1-2.1 氧化銻錫 2
1-2.2 六硼化鑭 5
1-2.3 黏著機制 6
1-2.4 感壓型黏著劑 9
1-2.5 隔熱膠膜 11
1-3 研究範疇 13
貳、實驗設計 18
2-1 實驗材料與設備 18
2-1.1 實驗材料 18
2-1.2 實驗設備 18
2-2 實驗過程 19
2-2.1 染料合成 19
2-2.2 染料奈米化製備 20
2-2.3 六硼化鑭熱處理 20
2-2.4 染料混合UV膠與塗佈 20
2-2.5 混合膠膜塗佈背膠與貼合 20
2-2.6 膠膜平貼玻璃 21
2-2.7 形態觀察 22
2-2.8 X-光繞射分析 23
2-3 性質測試 23
2-3.1 光譜測試 23
2-3.2 光老化測試 24
2-3.3 剝離強度測試 25
2-3.4 飛散試驗測試 26
2-3.5 斷熱測試 27
参、結果與討論 42
3-1 染料性質分析 42
3-1.1 紅外線光譜 42
3-1.2 核磁共振光譜 42
3-1.3 染料奈米化 42
3-1.4 染料之混合UV膠 44
3-2 六硼化鑭 44
3-2.1 六硼化鑭之型態 44
3-2.2 六硼化鑭之XRD繞射分析 45
3-3 隔熱膠膜之性質測試 45
3-3.1 光譜分析 45
3-3.2 隔熱膠膜之飛散試驗測試 47
3-3.3 隔熱膠膜環測後之剝離強度測試結果 47
肆、結論 70
伍、參考文獻 71


圖目錄
圖1-1 六硼化鑭之結構 14
圖1-2 三種不規則的表面形式 15
圖1-3 表面滲入能力不佳造成表面接觸面積的減少示意圖 16
圖1-4 界面間擴散的形成機制 17
圖2-1 PTCDA粉末之SEM照片 28
圖2-2 染料合成設備 29
圖2-3 成捲成型機 31
圖2-4 混合膠膜塗佈背膠的設備與製程 32
圖2-5 混合膠膜貼合的設備與製程 32
圖2-6 以細布包裹刮刀進行隔熱膠膜貼合玻璃 33
圖2-7 分光光譜儀原理示意圖 34
圖2-8 QUV耐候性試驗設備 35
圖2-9 UVA-340 紫外線燈管之能量分佈曲線 37
圖2-10 膠膜黏著力180°剝離強度測試 38
圖2-11 衝擊鎚懸掛固定衝擊框本體截面圖 39
圖2-12 衝擊鎚本體 39
圖2-13 拉高衝擊鎚做飛散衝擊 40
圖2-14 隔熱性膠膜玻璃之性質測試:斷熱測試 41
圖3-1 染料粉末之外觀照片 50
圖3-2 染料粉末之SEM照片 51
圖3-3 奈米染料之SEM照片 52
圖3-4 UV膠硬化後之SEM照片 53
圖3-5 染料與UV膠部份互溶之SEM照片 54
圖3-6 染料與UV膠完全互溶之SEM照片 55
圖3-7 奈米錫銻顆粒在硬化UV膠基地之SEM照片 56
圖3-8 六硼化鑭在硬化UV膠基地之SEM照片 57
圖3-9 奈米染料在硬化UV膠基地之SEM照片 58
圖3-10 六硼化鑭之SEM照片 59
圖3-11 六硼化鑭在燒結溫度700度之SEM照片 60
圖3-12 六硼化鑭在燒結溫度800度之SEM照片 61
圖3-13 六硼化鑭在燒結溫度900度之SEM照片 62
圖3-14 六硼化鑭在燒結溫度1000度之SEM照片 63
圖3-15 六硼化鑭在各種燒結溫度下之XRD圖 64
圖3-16 隔熱膜之光譜圖 65
圖3-17 飛散試驗 67
圖3-18 未經環測膠膜之黏著負載力與時間關係 68
圖3-19 經光老化QUV測試七天後膠膜之黏著負載力與時間關係 68
圖3-20 經浸水測試七天後膠膜之黏著負載力與時間關係 68
圖3-21 未經環測直接進行剝離測試之玻璃表面OM照片 69
圖3-22 經光老化QUV測試七天再進行剝離測試後玻璃表面OM照 69
圖3-23 經浸水測試七天再進行剝離測試後玻璃表面OM照片 69


表目錄
表2-1 隔熱膜成分之比例分配及代號 30
表2-2 紫外線加速照射儀基本性質 36
表3-1 隔熱膜代號之光譜數據 66


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