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中文論文名稱 羅馬帝國初期--論義大利的羅馬文化(30BC-190AD)
英文論文名稱 The Early Roman Empire— By Italy's Roman Culture(30BC-190AD)
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 歷史學系碩士在職專班
系所名稱(英) Department of History
學年度 100
學期 2
出版年 101
研究生中文姓名 李明蒨
研究生英文姓名 Ming-Chien Lee
學號 795030104
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
口試日期 2012-05-22
論文頁數 118頁
口試委員 指導教授-劉增泉
委員-唐耀棕
委員-孔思曾
中文關鍵字 羅馬廣場  角鬥士  凱旋儀式  龐貝城 
英文關鍵字 Forum Romanum  Gladiator  Rome Triumph  Pompii 
學科別分類 學科別人文學歷史學
中文摘要 本文以羅馬帝國初期的義大利羅馬文化做為研究之主題,「文化」這個名詞意涵甚廣,包含宗教、語言、哲學、藝術、思想、政治與經濟等方面,簡單的說文化是社會價值的總和,但限於篇幅,文章內容僅以羅馬城的豪華景象、富有階層與上流社會、社會階級、奴隸、娛樂生活和龐貝城等,做為研究範圍與方向,主要探討的是羅馬帝國初期(公元一至二世紀)之社會文化,並著重於義大利地區。古羅馬的首都,即是現今的義大利首都羅馬,義大利自是受羅馬文化影響非常之深,羅馬文化更是歐洲文明的基礎,舉凡語言、法律以及統一的概念,樣樣皆源自於羅馬。
羅馬曾經輝煌,曾幾何時又灰飛煙滅。文藝復興時期人們意識到古羅馬文化的重要性,但她就像一個巨大的腐屍,早已被蠹蟲啃食殆盡,斷垣殘壁的羅馬,讓人不甚唏噓。文藝復興(Renaissance)原意是「文化的再生」,即再生古羅馬、希臘文化,羅馬文化博大精深值得深入研究。古人稱「天」可能意謂著「天理」,但身處現代社會的我們可再多解釋成另一種涵義¬ 「大自然現象」,人若順應自然,跟著節氣、環境、調整身心狀況,當然能趨吉避凶,瞭解羅馬文化的變遷,則有助於我們更能和自然相處。文化有興衰時期,而羅馬文化的沒落和天理不容,也有一定的關係。
本文以八大章節論述分析羅馬文化的形成、經過和衰弱之情景。論述概念將從羅馬城的繁榮盛況開始,說明羅馬社會的組成成員,各階層生活的水準與行為模式之差異,並分析羅馬文明帶給後世的影響,亦做詳細論述。文中對於羅馬人喜愛的娛樂活動,羅馬的重要節慶假期,以及龐貝城的發掘等,讓我們對羅馬歷史文化有了更深一層的暸解。這個被火山灰掩埋,時空瞬間停止在公元一世紀的城市,亦讓我們遙想當年羅馬城真實的生活景象。
英文摘要 The thesis studies the Roman culture in Italy during the initial period of Roman Empire. The word” culture” means widely, including religion, language, philosophy, art, thought, politics, economics and so on. In a word, the word” culture” is the sum of society’s value, but this thesis only focuses on the luxurious climate, the stratum, the slave labor and the entertainment condition of Pompii. This thesis mainly researches on the society’s culture in the initial period of Roman Empire(1-2AD.) and spotlights on Italy, which had been influenced by the Roman culture. Even more, we can consider the Roman culture is the foundation of European civilization. From languages, laws to the concept of union are all from Rome.
Rome was formidable but collapsed now. The Renaissance people had noticed the importance of the Rome culture, but it , like a cadaver, had been eroded by worms. The tumbledown Rome makes people sigh with emotion. The original meaning of Renaissance is” revived culture”, which means the ancient Rome and Greece had revived. The Roman culture is so profound that we have to probe into it. The ancients regarded the word” sky” as justice of nature, but we modern people see it as another natural phenomenon. If we just follow the course of the nature and balance the physical condition with weather and environment, we could move toward auspices and stay away from threats. So to understand the history of Roman culture can help us get along with nature. The culture rises and declines, so does Roman culture.
The thesis consists of eight chapters to analyze the formation, the process and the decline of Roman culture. At the beginning, it discusses the members of Roman society, the standard of each stratum and the differences of their behaviors and analysis how Roman civilization influences later generations. Besides, this thesis also discusses the entertainment people liked and the festivals at that time. The archaeological excavation of Pompii made us know more about Roman history and culture. Pompii, which had been covered by volcano eruption, let us imagine the life of Rome city during the time of 1 AD.
論文目次 目 次
第一章 緒論……………………………………………...……………………………………1
第一節 研究背景與目的……………………...…………………………………………1
第二節 文獻回顧……………………...…………………………………………………4
第三節 架構與章節安排………………………………………………………...………7
第二章 羅馬的豪華景象………….…………………………………………………………11
第一節 羅馬城的景象…………………………………………………………………11
第二節 羅馬廣場………………………………………………………………………17
第三節 凱旋儀式………………………………………………………………………23
第三章 富有階層與上流社會生活………………………………………………………...29
第一節 貴族的豪奢生活………………………………………………………….……29
第二節 偉大的作家………………………………………………………………….…33
第三節 科學與法學………………………………………………………………….…38
第四章 社會階級………………………………………………………….………………..45
第一節 自由公民內部兩大群體間的衝突………………………….…………………45
第二節 社會分層和結構………………………………………………………….……50
第三節 農村社會………………………………………………………………………54
第五章 奴隸…………………………………………………………….…………………..61
第一節 奴隸的來源……………………………………………………………………61
第二節 奴隸工作的性質…………………………………………………………….…65
第三節 奴隸起義事件……………………………………………………………….…70
第六章 羅馬的娛樂生活…………………………………………….……………………..75
第一節 殘酷的娛樂—羅馬競技場角鬥士的競賽……………………………………75
第二節 馬戲和麵包……………….……………………………………………………80
第三節 休閒歡娛……………….………………………………………………………85
第七章 龐貝城……………………………………………………………………………..91
第一節 龐貝城…………………………………………………………………………91
第二節 小普林尼對龐貝城的記述………………………………………...…………..97
第三節 考古挖掘中的龐貝城…….…………………………………………………..102
第八章 結論……………………………………………….………………………………109
參考書目……………………………………………………………………………………113
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