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系統識別號 U0002-0308201617530100
中文論文名稱 鋁基/ AlFe介金屬複合材料之製程與磨耗性質研究
英文論文名稱 A Study on Process and Wearing Properties of Al/AlFe Intermetallic Composites
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 機械與機電工程學系碩士班
系所名稱(英) Department of Mechanical and Electro-Mechanical Engineering
學年度 104
學期 2
出版年 105
研究生中文姓名 曾郁峰
研究生英文姓名 Yu-Fong Tseng
學號 604350057
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
口試日期 2016-07-09
論文頁數 94頁
口試委員 指導教授-林清彬
委員-張天立
委員-劉承揚
中文關鍵字 鋁基/ AlFe介金屬顆粒複合材料  界面擴散  重複摺疊  退火  磨耗 
英文關鍵字 Al/AlFe Intermetallic particles composites  Interfacial diffusion  folding  forging  Annealing  hardness  wear 
學科別分類 學科別應用科學機械工程
中文摘要 AlFe金屬間化合物具有低密度、高比強度、抗氧化和耐熱性,在150℃~350℃工作溫度範圍內可以取代部分應用於航太產業的鈦合金,能顯著地減輕飛行器的重量及降低成本,但是硬脆的AlFe金屬間化合物在拉伸及磨耗易引發微裂紋的產生,進而降低AlFe介金屬的磨耗與力學性能。本研究提出一種新穎的製作方法,使用不同編織型態的鐵網浸鍍鋁,經由重複鍛造、摺疊及中間退火製程,製得鋁基/不同重量百分比AlFe介金屬顆粒型複合材料,並探討不同AlFe介金屬顆粒含量、不同荷重、不同磨耗速率對硬度及磨耗性質之影響,實驗結果硬度隨AlFe介金屬顆粒含量增加而上升。複合材料的磨耗率並不隨AlFe介金屬顆粒含量增加而下降,5.3wt%AlFe介金屬顆粒含量之磨耗率最低,其中PV值為118時磨耗率最高,對應的條件為荷重為98kPa,滑動速率為1.2m/s。PV值為56時磨耗率最低,對應的條件為荷重為19.6kPa,滑動速率為2.87m/s。
英文摘要 AlFe intermetallic compound has low density, high specific strength, high oxidation resistance and heat resistance. It can be replaced by part of the titanium alloy in the aerospace industry at 150℃ - 350℃ working temperature range. It can obviously reduce the weight of the aircraft and keep cost down, but the hard brittle AlFe intermetallic compound easily produce micro-cracks when it’s stretching thus reduce the wear and mechanical properties. This study used repeat forging, folding and intermediate annealing proposes to fabricate an AlFe intermetallic compound reinforced aluminum matrix composite and has been probed the effect of AlFe intermetallic particle contents, loading and sliding speed on wearing properties. The experimental results show that the hardness was increased with increasing AlFe intermetallic particles content and the 5.3wt% content of AlFe intermetallic particle can get the lowest wear rate. When PV (loading x sliding speed) value is 118 had the highest the wear rate corresponding to condition is the load of 98kPa and the sliding speed of 1.2m/s. On the contrary, when PV value is 56 had the lowest the wear rate correspond to condition is the load of 19.6kPa and the sliding speed of 2.87m/s.
論文目次 總目錄
壹、導論 1
1.1前言 1
1.2國內外相關的研究及參考文獻 3
1.2.1合金之專對AlFe合金的顯微組織 3
1.2.2鋁基複合材料 5
1.2.3重複摺疊與輥壓 14
1.2.4鋁基/ AlFe介金屬複合材料的磨耗 17
1.3研究動機 19
貳、實驗方法 20
2.1實驗材料 20
2.2實驗設備 20
2.3材料選擇 21
2.4鋁基/AlFe介金屬複合材料的製造 21
2.5鋁基/AlFe介金屬複合材料的重量百分濃度計算 24
2.6鋁基/AlFe介金屬複合材料的顯微結構觀察與界面分析 24
2.6.1 共軛焦雷射掃描顯微鏡 24
2.6.2 X光繞射儀(XRD) 24
2.7鋁基/AlFe介金屬複合材料的硬度測試 25
2.8鋁基/AlFe介金屬複合材料的磨潤性質測試 25
參、結果與討論 27
3.1鋁基/AlFe介金屬複合材料的形成機制 27
3.1.1 AlFe介金屬顆粒形成的機制 27
3.1.2不同重覆摺疊、鍛造及中間退火次數之鋁基/AlFe介金屬複合材料的顯微結構 30
3.1.3鋁基/不同重量百分濃度AlFe介金屬複合材料的顯微結構 40
3.2鋁基/不同重量百分濃度AlFe介金屬複合材料的硬度 45
3.3鋁基/AlFe介金屬複合材料的磨耗性質 46
3.3.1磨耗率 46
3.3.2磨耗面的顯微結構 48
3.3.3磨屑的顯微結構 57
3.3.4滑動速率對磨耗率的影響 78
3.3.5荷重對磨耗率的影響 81
3.3.6 PV值對磨耗率的影響 83
肆、結論 85
伍、參考文獻 87

圖目錄
圖2.1鋁基/AlFe介金屬複合材料中編織鐵網的型態(a)田字編織法;(b)同心圓編織固定田字編織法;(c)雙線雙田字編織法;(d)米字編織法;(e)雙田字編織法 23
圖2.2(a)鋁完全包覆鐵網複合板材;(b)複合板材東西向對摺;(c)複合板材南北向對摺的示意圖 23
圖2.3 磨耗測試:鍵與鐶試片之尺寸規格圖 26
圖3.1鋁基/AlFe介金屬顆粒型複合材料形成過程的示意圖(a)鍛造時鐵線鍛造成薄片;(b)鐵薄片產生剪切破斷;(c)Fe2Al5介金屬形狀的側視圖;(d)Fe2Al5介金屬部份貫穿鐵薄片;(e)散佈在鋁基的AlFe金屬間化合物 28
圖3.2鋁基材包覆雙田字編織法型態的鐵網後,經由10次重複摺疊、鍛造及中間退火的共軛焦照片 30
圖3.3鋁基材包覆雙田字編織法型態的鐵網後,經由2次重複摺疊、鍛造及中間退火的共軛焦照片(a)剪切破斷面型態;(b)界面反應層如箭頭示之共軛焦顯微結構照片 31
圖3.4鋁基材包覆雙田字編織法型態的鐵網後,經由2次重複摺疊、鍛造及中間退火的XRD圖譜分析 32
圖3.5鋁基材包覆雙田字編織法型態的鐵網後,經由2次重複摺疊、鍛造及中間退火,Fe2Al5金屬間化合物均勻分散在鋁基地的共軛焦照片 33
圖3.6鋁基材包覆雙田字編織法型態的鐵網後,經由4次重複摺疊、鍛造及中間退火的共軛焦照片;(a)剪切破斷面型態;(b)界面反應層如箭頭示之共軛焦顯微結構照片 34
圖3.7鋁基材包覆雙田字編織法型態的鐵網後,經由4次重複摺疊、鍛造及中間退火的共軛焦照片 35
圖3.8鋁基材包覆雙田字編織法型態的鐵網後,經由4次重複摺疊、鍛造及中間退火後基地不均勻塑性變形的共軛焦照片 35
圖3.9鋁基材包覆雙田字編織法型態的鐵網後,經由6次摺疊、鍛造及中間退火的共軛焦照片;(a)Fe2Al5金屬間化合物分散在鋁基地;(b)含量較多的條狀AlFe金屬間化合物與含量較少的Fe2Al5金屬間化合物;(c)含量較多的Fe2Al5金屬間化合物及少量的條狀AlFe金屬間化合物 37
圖3.10鋁基材包覆雙田字編織法型態的鐵網後,經由8次重複摺疊、鍛造及中間退火的共軛焦照片;(a)AlFe金屬間化合物均勻分散在鋁基地;(b)小尺寸FeAl3及大尺寸Fe2Al5金屬間化合物如箭頭A、B所示 39
圖3.11鋁基材包覆雙田字編織法型態的鐵網後,經由10次摺疊、鍛造及中間退火的共軛焦照片 40
圖3.12 經由10次摺疊、鍛造集中間退火的共軛焦照片;AlFe介金屬化合物的含量(a)0wt%;(b)2.7wt%;(c)3.9wt%;(d)4.4wt%;(e)5.3wt%;(f)9.0wt% 42
圖3.13經由10次摺疊、鍛造集中間退火的XRD;AlFe介金屬化合物的含量(a)2.7wt%;(b)3.9wt%;(c)4.4wt%;(d)5.3wt%;(e)9.0wt% 45
圖3.14 鋁基/不同重量百分比AlFe介金屬複合材料之磨耗率變化圖 48
圖3.15鋁基/不同重量百分比AlFe介金屬的上試片在滑動速率為1.2m/s和荷重98kPa下的磨耗面之共軛顯微照片(a)0wt%;(b)2.7wt%;(c)3.9wt%;(d)4.4 wt%;(e)5.3 wt%;(f)9.0wt% 50
圖3.16 鋁基/不同重量百分比AlFe介金屬的上試片在滑動速率為2.03m/s和荷重98kPa下的磨耗面之共軛顯微照片(a)0wt%;(b)2.7wt%;(c)3.9wt%;(d)4.4 wt%;(e)5.3 wt%;(f)9.0wt% 51
圖3.17 在滑動速率為2.87m/s和荷重98kPa下,不同AlFe介金屬顆粒含量上試片之共軛顯微照片(a)0wt%;(b)2.7wt%;(c)3.9wt%;(d)4.4 wt%;(e)5.3 wt%;(f)9.0 wt% 52
圖3.18 在滑動速率為1.2m/s和荷重49kPa下,不同AlFe介金屬顆粒含量上試片之共軛顯微照片(a)0wt%;(b)2.7wt%;(c)3.9wt%;(d)4.4 wt%;(e)5.3 wt%;(f)9.0 wt% 53
圖3.19 在滑動速率為2.03m/s和荷重49kPa下,不同AlFe介金屬顆粒含量上試片磨耗面之共軛顯微照片(a)0wt%;(b)2.7wt%;(c)3.9wt%;(d)4.4 wt%;(e)5.3 wt%;(f)9.0 wt% 54
圖3.20 在滑動速率為2.87m/s和荷重49kPa下,不同AlFe介金屬顆粒含量上試片磨耗面之共軛顯微照片(a)0wt%;(b)2.7wt%;(c)3.9wt%;(d)4.4 wt%;(e)5.3 wt%;(f)9.0 wt% 55
圖3.21 在滑動速率為1.2m/s和荷重19.6kPa下,不同AlFe介金屬顆粒含量上試片磨耗面之共軛顯微照片(a)0wt%;(b)2.7wt%;(c)3.9wt%;(d)4.4 wt%;(e)5.3 wt%;(f) 9.0wt% 55
圖3.22 在滑動速率為2.03m/s和荷重19.6kPa下,不同AlFe介金屬顆粒含量上試片磨耗面之共軛顯微照片(a)0wt%;(b)2.7wt%;(c)3.9wt%;(d)4.4 wt%;(e)5.3 wt%;(f) 9.0wt% 56
圖3.23 在滑動速率為2.87m/s和荷重19.6kPa下,不同AlFe介金屬顆粒含量上試片磨耗面之共軛顯微照片(a)0wt%;(b)2.7wt%;(c)3.9wt%;(d)4.4 wt%;(e)5.3 wt%;(f) 9.0wt% 57
圖3.24 在滑動速率為2.03m/s和荷重19.6kPa下,不同AlFe介金屬顆粒含量磨屑之共軛顯微照片(a)(b)0wt%;(c)(d)2.7wt%;(e)(f)3.9wt%;(g)(h)4.4 wt%;(i)(j)5.3 wt%;(k)(l)9.0wt% 59
圖3.25 在滑動速率為2.03m/s和荷重49kPa下,不同AlFe介金屬顆粒含量磨屑之共軛顯微照片(a)(b)0wt%;(c)(d)2.7wt%;(e)(f)3.9wt%;(g)(h)4.4 wt%;(i)(j)5.3 wt%;(k)(l)9.0wt% 62
圖3.26 在滑動速率為2.03m/s和荷重98kPa下,不同AlFe介金屬顆粒含量磨屑之共軛顯微照片(a)(b)0wt%;(c)(d)2.7wt%;(e)(f)3.9wt%;(g)(h)4.4 wt%;(i)(j)5.3 wt%;(k)(l)9.0wt% 64
圖3.27 在滑動速率為2.87m/s和荷重19.6kPa下,不同AlFe介金屬顆粒含量磨屑之共軛顯微照片(a)(b)0wt%;(c)(d)2.7wt%;(e)(f)3.9wt%;(g)(h)4.4 wt%;(i)(j)5.3 wt%;(k)(l)9.0wt% 66
圖3.28 在滑動速率為2.87m/s和荷重49kPa下,不同AlFe介金屬顆粒含量磨屑之共軛顯微照片(a)(b)0wt%;(c)(d)2.7wt%;(e)(f)3.9wt%;(g)(h)4.4 wt%;(i)(j)5.3 wt%;(k)(l)9.0wt% 69
圖3.29 在滑動速率為2.87m/s和荷重98kPa下,不同AlFe介金屬顆粒含量磨屑之共軛顯微照片(a)(b)0wt%;(c)(d)2.7wt%;(e)(f)3.9wt%;(g)(h)4.4 wt%;(i)(j)5.3 wt%;(k)(l)9.0wt% 71
圖3.30 在滑動速率為1.2m/s和荷重19.6kPa下,不同AlFe介金屬顆粒含量磨屑之共軛顯微照片(a)(b)0wt%;(c)(d)2.7wt%;(e)(f)3.9wt%;(g)(h)4.4 wt%;(i)(j)5.3 wt%;(k)(l)9.0wt% 73
圖3.31 在滑動速率為1.2m/s和荷重49kPa下,不同AlFe介金屬顆粒含量磨屑之共軛顯微照片(a)(b)0wt%;(c)(d)2.7wt%;(e)(f)3.9wt%;(g)(h)4.4 wt%;(i)(j)5.3 wt%;(k)(l)9.0wt% 76
圖3.32 在滑動速率為1.2m/s和荷重98kPa下,不同AlFe介金屬顆粒含量磨屑之共軛顯微照片(a)(b)0wt%;(c)(d)2.7wt%;(e)(f)3.9wt%;(g)(h)4.4 wt%;(i)(j)5.3 wt%;(k)(l)9.0wt% 78
圖3.33 鋁基/不同重量百分比AlFe介金屬複合材料在荷重19.6kPa與三種磨耗速率(1.2m/s,2.03m/s與2.87m/s)之磨耗率變化圖 79
圖3.34 鋁基/不同重量百分比AlFe介金屬複合材料在荷重49kPa與三種磨耗速率(1.2m/s,2.03m/s與2.87m/s)之磨耗率變化圖 80
圖3.35鋁基/不同重量百分比AlFe介金屬複合材料在荷重98kPa與三種磨耗速率(1.2m/s,2.03m/s與2.87m/s)之磨耗率變化圖 81
圖3.36 鋁基/AlFe介金屬複合材料在磨耗速率為1.2m/s與三種荷重之磨耗率變化圖 82
圖3.37 鋁基/AlFe介金屬複合材料在磨耗速率為2.03m/s與三種荷重之磨耗率變化圖 82
圖3.38 鋁基/AlFe介金屬複合材料在磨耗速率為2.87m/s與三種荷重之磨耗率變化圖 83
圖3.39 鋁基/AlFe介金屬複合材料之磨耗率變化圖 84

表目錄
表3.1 鋁基/AlFe介金屬複合材料的洛氏硬度 46
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