|| The main purpose of this thesis is to investigate the development of literature in Taipei and the impression of Taipei in literature after WWII. Today, Taipei is undoubtedly an international metropolis, it is also the focus of much attention no matter in the political, economic, educational, literature and other respects of development; however, its geographical location, special and complicated historical background left it became a city of immigrants, and people who moved to Taipei whether because of political factors, work or study has totally different feeling to it.
National identity issue came out during Japanese occupation period, then increased-gradually Taiwanization, till the period after WWII a new issue, ethnic identity, derivate due to the nationalist government relocated to Taiwan; another group, society issues caused by huge populations from southern Taiwan or other cities and counties migrated to Taipei after quickly urbanization and industrialization.
Therefore, this thesis will focus on "identity" and "urban literature" as the main scheme, through the interaction between histories, the society development and literature in each period to investigate the similarities and differences of Taipei showing in literary products of different periods and reasons for, and also investigates how the urban literature rise up and affect the development of subsequent literature base on the backgrounds and reasons of Chinese cities and Western cities development; meanwhile, set Shanghai and Hong Kong like references which have similar colonial backgrounds as Taipei to compare with each other for society development, urbanization, reasons of rise up of urban literature, how the differences of city impression showing in these three cities and the key factors to make that be; and further, through western cultures, introduction of the trend of literary thoughts as well as the discussions and introspections bring up by literature controversy to clarify the main reason to form a negative impression of Taipei in literature. Finally, because of local literature and culture are increasingly important each day under the development of globalization trend after the 1990s. Through investigating the implementation of Cultural Policy and the creation of Prize for Literature that promoted the rising of Residential consciousness and the popularity of writing, it can also be found that writings represent closer to the lives and experiences in Taipei which attempted to unite people's memory of Taipei and strengthen the local identity. Furthermore, great popularity of traveling caused by National Income rising and stable development of Socio-economic also influences new generation writers to write with refer to Taipei when traveling off, and the writings of Taipei history, geography, landscape or life experiences
during traveling around Taipei. Author of this thesis want to understand the expression about the care of Taipei and emotion changes through these texts and writings.