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中文論文名稱 一掠食者-兩被掠食者食物網模型的動態行為研究
英文論文名稱 Dynamics of One-Predator-Two-Prey Food Web Models with Holling type II Functional Response
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 數學學系碩士班
系所名稱(英) Department of Mathematics
學年度 101
學期 2
出版年 102
研究生中文姓名 王靜雯
研究生英文姓名 Ching-Wen Wang
學號 600190119
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
口試日期 2013-06-27
論文頁數 31頁
口試委員 指導教授-楊定揮
委員-許正雄
委員-楊智烜
中文關鍵字 食物鏈  Holling法則  一掠食者-兩被掠食者 
英文關鍵字 Food Web Models  Holling type II  One-Predator-Two-Prey 
學科別分類 學科別自然科學數學
中文摘要 在這項研究中,我們考慮一掠食者-兩被掠食者模型依據Holling type II功能性反應且兩被掠食者之間不存在競爭關係。首先建立有界且有正解的初始條件,然後證明所有的邊界平衡點的存在性和穩定性在三維中。此外,我們利用掠食者的死亡率𝑑作為參數,分類我們的動態系統(1.2),以及正平衡點存在性和穩定性的分析,最後利用我們的分類,進行一些數值模擬。
英文摘要 In this work, we consider the one-predator-two-prey models with Holling type II functional response without competition between the two renewable base resource. We first establish the boundedness and positivity of solution with positive initial conditions. Then the existence and local stability of all boundary equilibria are clarified in ℝ3. Moreover, we use the death rate of predator 𝑑 as a parameter to classify the dynamics of system (1.2) as well as the existence and local stability of positive equilibrium. Finally, some numerical simulations are performed for each region of our classification.
論文目次 Contents
1 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
2 Preliminary Results . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
2.1 Boundedness of Solutions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
2.2 Subsystems and its Equilibria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
3 Existence of Boundary Equilibria and its Stability in R3 . . . . . . 7
3.1 Su cient Condition for Extinction of the Predator in R3 . . . . . 7
3.2 Stability Analysis in of Boundary Equilibria R3 . . . . . . . . . 8
4 Existence of Coexistence States and Stability of quilibria . . . . . 12
4.1 Existence of Positive Equilibrium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
4.2 Stability Analysis of Positive Equilibria . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
5 Numerical Results . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
6 Conclusions, Discussions and Future Works . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30

List of Figures
3.1 The region of parameters pace with various a1, a2 and xed m1, m2,
r, m, d. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
4.1 Typical pictures of parameter space with varied d. . . . . . . . . . . 13
4.2 Typical pictures of parameter space with parameter 0 < d < m2 < m1. 14
4.3 Typical pictures of P1 and P2 with parameter m2 < d 4.4 Typical pictures of P1 and P2 with parameter m1 < d < m1/(1+a1)+ m2/(1+a2). 18
5.1 Solutions with parameters in the class (a)-(2)-(i) of Fig. 4.1 are periodic on the x1-y plane and x2 dies out. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
5.2 Solutions with parameters in the class (a)-(2)-(ii) of Fig. 4.1 converge to E . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
5.3 Solutions with parameters in the class (a)-(3) of Fig. 4.1 converge to E . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
5.4 Solutions with parameters in the class (a)-(4) of Fig. 4.1 converge to E . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
5.5 Solutions with parameters in the class (a)-(1) of Fig. 4.1 converge to Ex1x2 and y dies out. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
5.6 Solutions with parameters in the class (b)-(2)-(i) of Fig. 4.1 are periodic on the x1-y plane and x2 dies out. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
5.7 Solutions with parameters in the class (b)-(2)-(ii) of Fig. 4.1 converge to Ex1y and x2 dies out. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
5.8 Solutions with parameters in the class (b)-(3) of Fig. 4.1 converge to E . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
5.9 Solutions with parameters in the class (b)-(1) of Fig. 4.1 converge to Ex1x2 and y dies out. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
5.10 Solutions with parameters in the class (a)-(2)-(i) of Fig. 4.1 converge to Ex1y and x2 dies out. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
5.11 Solutions with parameters in the class (a)-(2)-(ii) of Fig. 4.1 are periodic in R3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
5.12 Solutions with parameters in the class (a)-(3) of Fig. 4.1 are periodic in R3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
5.13 Solutions with parameters in the class (b)-(2)-(i) of Fig. 4.1 converge to Ex1y and x2 dies out. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
5.14 Solutions with parameters in the class (b)-(2)-(ii) of Fig. 4.1 converge to E . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
5.15 Solutions with parameters in the class (b)-(3) of Fig. 4.1 converge to Ex1y and x2 dies out. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29

List of Tables
2.1 Subsystems, equilibria and its stability for system (1.2) . . . . . . . 6
5.1 Figure 4.1 (a)m1 < m1/(1+a1)+ m2/(1+a2). Fixed r = m = 1:0, a1 = 0:6,a2 = 0:5, m1 = 2:0 and m2 = 1:5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
5.2 Figure 4.1 (b)m1>=m1/(1+a1)+ m2/(1+a2). Fix r = m = 1:0, a1 = 0:6,a2 = 0:5, m1 = 2:5 and m2 = 1:2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
5.3 Compare Figure 3.1 with Figure 4.1. Fixed r = 1:0, m = 0:5 . . . . 26
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