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中文論文名稱 維吉尼亞.吳爾芙在《自已的房間》一書中自我形象摹寫的詩學政治
英文論文名稱 Virginia Woolf 's Poetic Politics and Subject Formation in A Room of One's Own
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 英文學系碩士班
系所名稱(英) Department of English
學年度 98
學期 2
出版年 99
研究生中文姓名 溫力穎
研究生英文姓名 Li-Ying Wen
學號 695110303
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
口試日期 2010-06-24
論文頁數 67頁
口試委員 指導教授-宋美璍
委員-陳佩筠
委員-陳春燕
中文關鍵字 女權  生命書寫  詩學  美學  性別主體的多元可能 
英文關鍵字 Feminist Right  Life Writing  The Discourse of Poetic Politcs  Aesthetics  The Subject Formation 
學科別分類 學科別人文學語言文學
中文摘要 女作家維吉尼亞.吳爾芙誕生於知書達禮,文質彬彬的十九世紀英國,那個書香筆墨,魚雁往返的社會鑄造了她的高藝術素養。她在文學和藝術上的才氣至今一直是知識青年認同而仰望的對象。在這篇論文裡,筆者所要探討的是吳爾芙如何在「自己的房間」一書中,以女性主義批評者的角度,建構出詩學修辭的文學批評論述。筆者將針對佛洛伊德的理論中女性心理學的部分提出修正,並試圖透過西蘇的陰性書寫論點來探討女作家如吳爾芙如何藉著創作來回歸到喜樂的自我,揭露父權社會對於有才氣的女性之打壓與女作家在家庭與社會中所受到的不平等待遇。
吳爾芙潛在的同性戀傾向內化了她心裏對父權制度的抗衡,在這篇論文裡,筆者將指出在《自己的房間》一書中,吳爾芙身為一位女性主義作家與文學批評家,藉著內化自身的矛盾,創作出獨立於父權框架之外的詩學與美學政治,鼓勵更多的女性投身文學與藝術創作。
這篇論文分成三個章節,在第一章裡,筆者將引用西蘇的理論,西蘇認為所謂「生命書寫」就是要在創作中自我展演,真實的表達情緒,讓文學或藝術創作的目的回歸到創作者主體的完成。
在第二個章節裡,筆者提出吳爾芙在《自己的房間》一書中的理論:女性的「自己的房間」是獨立於父權社會的女性自主場域。最後第三個章節,筆者指出主體是流變的,性別也非二元論,吳爾芙藉著她的詩學理論,強調文學必須經由不斷的反芻、模擬、流變,才能達到藝術的最高境界:真、善、美。
英文摘要 Virginia Woolf was born into what she once described as a very communicative, literary, letter writing, visiting, articulate, late nineteenth century world. Her talent in literature, art and criticism is intellectually acknowledged. Hence in this thesis, we would see how she constructs a feminist discourse and fulfill her gender politics.

My thesis aims to demonstrate that Woolf, as a feminist writer, with her discourse of poetic politics, tries to raise people’s attention to feminist literature. Furthermore , Woolf thinks that the binary restriction on sex serves the reproductive aim of a system of compulsory heterosexuality. I also take Cixous’s argument of life writing to show that the artists’creation is also a process of self- fulfilling .

The ontology of patriarchy gets control over the sexuality. Woolf writes to refuse the phallus.The subjects work by themselves, a woman becomes a woman; and gender is socially construction. On the other hand, Woolf manipulates the retrospective and poetic politics to touch the harrowing part of life and raise the self-awareness of feminism.

論文目次 Table of Contents

Chinese Abstract......i

English Abstract..... ii

Introduction......1

Chapter One Helen Cixous's Theory of Life Writing ......7

Chapter Two Woolf's Room as a Symbol for Women's Place of Solidarity .....16

Chapter Three The Blurring of Gender Boundary...34

Conclusion.....58

Work Cited ......66





參考文獻 Work Cited
Barthes, Roland. “The Death of the Author.” The Norton Anthology of Theory and Criticism. Ed.Vincent B. Leitch. Norton Press, 2001.

Bartky, Sandra. “On Psychological Oppression.” Feminist Theory: A Philosophical Anthology. Ed. Ann E. Cudd and Robin O. Andreasen. Blackwell Press, 2005.

Butler, Judith. Gender Trouble. Routledge Press, 1900.

Butler, Judith. “Sexual Inversions.” Foucault and the Critique of Institutions. Ed. John Caputo and Mark Yount. University Park, Pa:Pennsylvania State UP, 1993.

Cixous, Helene. White Ink: interviews on sex, text and politics. Columbia University Press, 1993

Derrida, Jacques. Spurs. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1985.

Elam, Diane. Feminism and Deconstruction. Routledge, 1994.

Eliot, T.S. “Tradition and the Individual Talent.” The Norton Anthology of Theory and Criticism. Ed.Vincent B. Leitch. Norton Press, 2001.

Felski, Rita. Literature After Feminism. The University of Chicago Press, 2003

Foucaut, Michel. “The Discipline and Punish: The Birth of the Prison.” The Norton Anthology and Theory and Criticism. Ed. Vincent B. Leitch. Norton Press, 2001.

Hussey, Mark. “Virginia Woolf.” Mrs. Dalloway. A Harvest Book Press, 1953.

Kandiyoti, Deniz. “Bargaining with Patriachy.” Gender and Society 2 (1988):274-90.

Kristeva, Julia. “Revolution in Poetic Language.” The Norton Anthology of Theory and
Criticism. Ed.Vincent B. Leitch. Norton Press, 2001.

Milliet, Kate. “Theory of Sexual Politics.” Feminist Theory: A Philosophical Anthology .Ed. Ann E. Cudd and Robin O. Anderasen. Blackwell Press, 2005.

Rivkin, Julie. “Formalisms.” Literary Theory : An Anthology. Blackwell Press ,2004

Saussure, Ferdinad. “From Course in General Linguistics.” The Norton Anthology of
Theory and Criticism. Ed.Vincent B. Leitch. Norton Press, 2001.

Sellers, Susan. Helene Cixous.: Authorship, Autobiography and Love. Polity Press, 1988.

Spivak, Gayatri Chakravoty. Between Feminism and Psychoanalysis. London and New
York: Routledge, 1989.

Wollstonecraft, Mary. “Of the Pernicious Effects which arise from the Unnatural Distinctions Established in Society.” Feminist Theory: A Philosophical Anthology .Ed. Ann E. Cudd and Robin O. Anderasen. Blackwell Press, 2005.

Woolf, Virginia. A Room of One’s Own. A Harvest Book, 1989.

Young, Iris Marion. “Five Faces of Oppression.” Feminist Theory: A Philosophical
Anthology .Ed. Ann E. Cudd and Robin O. Anderasen. Blackwell Press, 2005.




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