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系統識別號 U0002-0207200909591600
中文論文名稱 專業領域、肥胖與就業
英文論文名稱 Specialized field, obesity and employment.
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 產業經濟學系碩士班
系所名稱(英) Department of Industrial Economics
學年度 97
學期 2
出版年 98
研究生中文姓名 吳偉銘
研究生英文姓名 Wei-Ming Wu
學號 696540201
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
口試日期 2009-06-10
論文頁數 80頁
口試委員 指導教授-胡登淵
委員-鄒孟文
委員-陳鎮洲
中文關鍵字 專業領域  肥胖  全職就業  bivariate probit模型 
英文關鍵字 specialized field  obesity  employment  bivariate probit model 
學科別分類 學科別社會科學經濟學
中文摘要 本文旨在探討年輕女性員工於各專業領域下,肥胖對就業的影響,其中專業領域分為三個學門,第一類為商業及管理;第二類是除商管之外的社會組科系以及體育學類;第三類則為理工醫農。研究資料為國立台灣師範大學台灣高等教育資料庫的「九十二學年度大三學生問卷調查」以及「九十三學年度大專畢業生畢業後一年問卷調查」,以univariate probit模型進行分析。而由於肥胖與否可能影響就業機率,但就業與否也可能反向影響肥胖機率,所以可能具有內生性問題,因此,本文也使用具有工具變數的bivariate probit模型來進行估計,且以族群別中的「受訪者是否為客家人」作為肥胖的工具變數,以處理內生性問題。模型估計結果顯示:只有在商管學門中肥胖與全職就業間存在內生性問題,且肥胖與全職就業之間呈現負向影響。另外,還探討肥胖對學以致用的影響,發現商管學門中肥胖與學以致用有內生性問題,且肥胖與學以致用之間呈負向影響,而理工醫農學門中肥胖與學以致用也有內生性,且肥胖與學以致用之間呈正向影響。顯示商管學門中的肥胖者比非肥胖者可能有較高的機率分佈在非本科系的職業,而理工醫農學門中的肥胖者比非肥胖者可能有較高的機率分佈在本科系的職業。而若視肥胖為外生,在商管學門方面,會低估肥胖分別對全職就業與學以致用的負向衝擊;在理工醫農學門方面,則會高估肥胖對學以致用的正向衝擊。
英文摘要 This thesis aims to examine the impact of obesity on employment for young female college graduates in various specialized fields. The academic departments are divided into three fields: business, physical education and arts, and science and engineering. It analyzes the Higher Education Database in Taiwan by merging “2003 academic year, junior student questionnaire” and “2004 academic year, one year after graduating from college questionnaire.” This thesis uses a univariate probit model first. It also attempts to use a bivariate probit with IVs model, which controls for the potential endogeneity of obesity, since of obesity is likely to affect the odds of being employed and the employment may also affect the odds of obesity. The Hakka ethnic group--an instrumental variable--is used to investigate the causal relationship. It furthermore examines the association between obesity and “put what you have learned into practice.” The results indicate that the exogeneity assumption of obesity will underestimate the negative impact of obesity on employment and “put what you have learned into practice,” for the field of business and overestimate the positive impact of obesity on “put what you have learned into practice” for the field of science and engineering.
論文目次 目錄 I
表目錄...........................................................................................................................II
第一章 緒論 1
第二章 資料來源與變數定義 6
第一節 資料來源...........................................................................................6
第二節 變數定義與敘述統計.......................................................................8
第三章 實證模型設定 16
第四章 實證結果與分析 19
第一節 專業領域、肥胖與全職就業...........................................................19
第二節 專業領域、肥胖與學以致用 36
第三節 討論 48
第五章 結論 52
參考文獻......................................................................................................................54
附錄 58


表目錄

表一 變數定義表 9
表二 敘述統計表........................................................................................................11
表三 各學門下肥胖與否的全職就業比例................................................................13
表四 族群別肥胖比例與平均BMI............................................................................14
表五 全職就業的univariate probit 模型估計結果...................................................20
表六 肥胖的univariate probit 模型估計結果...........................................................22
表七 商管全職就業與肥胖的bivariate probit模型估計結果..................................24
表八 過重(包含肥胖)對全職就業的univariate probit 模型估計結果....................26
表九 過重(包含肥胖)的univariate probit 模型估計結果........................................28
表十 全職就業的ivprobit 模型估計結果………………………………………….30
表十一 學以致用的univariate probit 模型估計結果...............................................37
表十二 商管學以致用與肥胖的bivariate probit模型估計結果..............................39
表十三 理工醫農學以致用與肥胖的bivariate probit模型估計結果......................40
表十四 過重(包含肥胖)對學以致用的univariate probit 模型估計結果................42
表十五 工具變數有效性檢定....................................................................................43
表十六 控制肥胖後全職就業與學以致用的marginal effect...................................45
表十七 肥胖對全職就業與學以致用的marginal effect...........................................46
表十八 BMI對全職就業的marginal effect...............................................................47
表十九 商管與理工醫農於學以致用與學非所用的收入差異................................50
表二十 不同領域下BMI對全職就業的檢定...........................................................50
附錄
附錄表一 全部樣本全職就業與肥胖的bivariate probit模型估計結果..................58


附錄表二 除商管外其它社會組與體育全職就業與肥胖的bivariate probit模型估
計結果..................................................................................................59
附錄表三 理工醫農全職就業與肥胖的bivariate probit模型估計結果..................60
附錄表四 全部樣本學以致用與肥胖的bivariate probit模型估計結果..................61
附錄表五 除商管外其它社會組與體育學以致用與肥胖的bivariate probit模型估
計結果..................................................................................................62
附錄表六 全部樣本全職就業與過重(包含肥胖)的bivariate probit模型估計結
果..........................................................................................................63
附錄表七 商管全職就業與過重(包含肥胖)的bivariate probit模型估計結果........64
附錄表八 除商管外其它社會組與體育全職就業與過重(包含肥胖)的bivariate
probit模型估計結果............................................................................65
附錄表九 理工醫農全職就業與過重(包含肥胖)的bivariate probit模型估計結
果..........................................................................................................66
附錄表十 全部樣本學以致用與過重(包含肥胖)的bivariate probit模型估計結
果..........................................................................................................67
附錄表十一 商管學以致用與過重(包含肥胖)的bivariate probit模型估計結果....68
附錄表十二 除商管外其它社會組與體育學以致用與過重(包含肥胖)的bivariate
probit模型估計結果..........................................................................69
附錄表十三 理工醫農學以致用與過重(包含肥胖)的bivariate probit模型估計結
果..........................................................................................................70
附錄表十四 刪除就讀研究所後全職就業的univariate probit 模型估計結果.......71
附錄表十五 刪除就讀研究所後全部樣本全職就業與肥胖的bivariate probit模型
估計結果..............................................................................................72
附錄表十六 刪除就讀研究所後商管全職就業與肥胖的bivariate probit模型估計
結果......................................................................................................73
附錄表十七 刪除就讀研究所後除商管外其它社會組與體育全職就業與肥胖的
bivariate probit模型估計結果.............................................................74
附錄表十八 刪除就讀研究所後理工醫農全職就業與肥胖的bivariate probit模型
估計結果..............................................................................................75
附錄表十九 刪除就讀研究所後學以致用的univariate probit 模型估計結果.......76
附錄表二十 刪除就讀研究所後全部樣本學以致用與肥胖的bivariate probit模型
估計結果..............................................................................................77
附錄表二十一 刪除就讀研究所後商管學以致用與肥胖的bivariate probit模型估
計結果..................................................................................................78
附錄表二十二 刪除就讀研究所後除商管外其它社會組與體育學以致用與肥胖的
bivariate probit模型估計結果.............................................................79
附錄表二十三 刪除就讀研究所後理工醫農學以致用與肥胖的bivariate probit模
型估計結果..........................................................................................80

圖目錄

圖一 商管學門BMI與全職就業機率的關係….......................................................31
圖二 除商管外其它社會組與體育學門BMI與全職就業機率的關係...................32
圖三 理工醫農學門BMI與全職就業機率的關係...................................................32
圖四 就讀研究所也設為全職就業下商管學門BMI與全職就業機率的關係.......33
圖五 就讀研究所也設為全職就業下除商管外其它社會組與體育學門BMI與全
職就業機率的關係..............................................................................34
圖六 就讀研究所也設為全職就業下理工醫農學門BMI與全職就業機率的關
係..........................................................................................................34


參考文獻 中文部分
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2. 李佳恩(2007)「肥胖、就業與收入關聯性之兩篇探討」,淡江大學產業經濟研究所碩士論文。
3. 陳怡潔(2007)「美貌!資本?場域。-女性業務外貌價值剖析」,南華大學社會學研究所碩士論文。
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5. 葉玫君(2004)「肥胖與職業─肥胖女性是否較可能無業?」,碩士論文,淡江大學產業經濟研究所。
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英文部分
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33. Tao, H.L. (2008), “Attractive Physical Appearance vs. Good Academic Characteristics: Which Generates More Earnings?” KYKLOS, vol. 61, no. 1, pp.114-133.
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