淡江大學覺生紀念圖書館 (TKU Library)
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系統識別號 U0002-0107201817505800
中文論文名稱 從供應鏈的供/需驅動與策略觀點去建構共享基礎經濟之分類架構
英文論文名稱 Constructing a Classification Schema for Sharing-based Economy from the Perspectives of Supply/Demand-driven and Strategy in Supply Chain
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 管理科學學系博士班
系所名稱(英) Doctoral Program, Department of Management Sciences
學年度 106
學期 2
出版年 107
研究生中文姓名 莊秀禎
研究生英文姓名 Hsiu-Chen Chuang
學號 898620116
學位類別 博士
語文別 中文
口試日期 2018-06-10
論文頁數 85頁
口試委員 指導教授-王居卿
委員-李文瑞
委員-余坤東
委員-鄭仁偉
委員-連勇智
委員-張紘炬
委員-李培齊
委員-王居卿
中文關鍵字 共享經濟  共享基礎經濟  分類架構  供應鏈  多重特質-多重方法 
英文關鍵字 Sharing Economy  Sharing-based Economy  Classification Scheme  Supply Chain  Multitrait-Multimethod. 
學科別分類
中文摘要 雖然近幾年來共享經濟的議題廣為盛行且一直被熱議著,但至今尚未發現有人對共享經濟去發展或提出一個較具邏輯且系統化的觀念性分類架構;基此,本研究從供應鏈與策略的觀點,針對廣義的共享經濟(本研究將之稱為「共享基礎經濟;SBE」)去建構一個較具科學化的分類架構。首先,本研究使用共享基礎經濟的三個關鍵構面(或屬性)-「供給/需求驅動(who)」、「共享資源或標的物(what)」及「共享目的(why)」-為共享基礎經濟發展出一個較適當的構念,然後再根據多元論與Rich (1992)提的分類方法論去建構出一個較周延且互斥的分類架構。因為本研究所建構的分類架構乃是屬於一種多元論的分類,所以採用質化的原則評估與準量化的「多重特質-多重方法(MTMM)」方法作為評量本分類架構的信度與建構效度工具。除了最後建構出共享基礎經濟的分類架構外,本研究亦提出一個具順序式的歸類流程圖。為了再增加本研究分類架構的價值,在最後本研究亦發展出一些策略性意涵與研究命題,以作為實務應用與研究發展上的參考指南。具體而言,本研究的重要研究結果如下:
1.為共享基礎經濟發展出一個包含供給/需求驅動(who)、共享資源或標的物(what)及共享目的(why)構面的構念。
2.本研究所建構的樹狀形的分類架構可視為是共享基礎經濟的範型,並具有一般化的價值。
3.提出了一個順序式的共享基礎經濟歸類流程圖。
4.為了有助於實務上的應用及學術上的發展,本研究亦提出四項策略上的意涵及五個研究命題。
英文摘要 Despites of the issue of sharing economy is popular and argued in near years, few systematic classification framework for sharing economy have been found till now, this study therefore constructs a more logic and systematic conceptual classification schema for the broad sharing economy — SBE (Sharing-based Economy) is named in this study—from the perspectives of supply-chain and strategy. This study, first, develops the construct for SBE based on three dimensions (or attributes) — supply/demand driven (who), sharing objects (what), and sharing purpose (why) — and then constructs a more inclusive and exclusive classification schema according to the pluralism and Rich’s (1992) classification methodology. Because the classification schema developed in this study belongs to polythetic typology, this study adopts both qualitative approach and the quasi-quantitative MTMM as the conceptual tool to verify the reliability and construct validity of the schema. Adding to the final classification schema is constructed, a sequential classification flowchart is also been provided. To increase the value of the schema, finally, this research developed some strategic implications and research propositions for practical and academic guidelines. In concrete, the important research results as below:
1.The construct of SBE consists of three critical attributes — supply/demand driven (who), sharing objects (what), and sharing purpose (why) — is developed.
2.The tree-type classification schema may be regarded as the paradigm of sharing economy and achieve the purpose of generalization.
3.A sequential decision flowchart of classification submitted.
4.For further practical application and academic development, four strategic insights and five propositions presented.
論文目次 目 錄

目 錄 I
表 次 III
圖 次 IV
第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究背景與動機 1
第二節 研究目的、觀念性架構與分類過程 6
第二章 SBE之相關理論與構念之建構 9
第一節 「共享」與「共享經濟」之意涵與關係 9
第二節 SBE與經濟學相關理論之關係 14
第三節 服務主導邏輯(SDL)理論與SBE之關係 18
第四節 供應鏈觀點下共享應用之範圍 20
第五節 策略觀點下之共享 22
第六節 資源共享之目的 25
第七節 SBE構念之建構 29
第三章 分類之理論基礎 32
第一節 分類概念及其內涵之理論基礎 32
第二節 分類方法之理論基礎 38
第四章 SBE分類架構建構之步驟及其分類架構 44
第五章 SBE之有效性評估 54
第一節 理論上的質化評估 55
第二節 理論上的準量化評估-「多重特質-多重方法(MTMM)」 57
第六2章 SBE分類架構的應用 63
第一節 SBE分類架構之四大策略性意涵 65
第二節 命題之研擬 66
第三節 SBE之歸類流程 67
第七章 結論與建議 69
第一節 結論 69
第二節 研究限制與建議 73
參考文獻 74
一、中文部分 74
二、英文部分 76
三、網路部分 84

表次

表2-1 共享經濟之定義 11
表2-2 產業經濟學所應用之主要理論及其與SBE之關係 16
表2-3 管理經濟學所應用之主要理論及其與SBE之關係 17
表2-4 SBE分類考量構面與其他分類之比較 30
表3-1 各種分類程序之比較 41
表4-1 類目歸類釋例說明 53
表5-1 SBE分類架構MTMM分析比較表 60
表5-2 各分構架構有效性之檢定比較表 62

圖次

圖1-1 本研究之觀念性架構 7
圖1-2 本研究之流程 8
圖2-1 SBE之範疇 13
圖3-1 族群類似性之卞氏圖 35
圖3-2 SBE架構之階層性 36
圖3-3 各種分類方法之過程 42
圖3-4 本研究SBE建構之步驟 43
圖4-1 SBE分類架構模式圖 52
圖6-1 SBE之歸類流程圖 68
圖7-1 SBE研究的範型 72




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三、網路部分
王靜波(2015年3月16日)。共用經濟模式-從P2P走向B2B:2018年4月26日取自http://www.istis.sh.cn/list/list.aspx?id=8598。
邵廣昭(2009年10月28日)。系統分類學的演進:2018年3月26日取自http://fishdb.sinica.edu.tw/chi/article/a23_m.php。
科技新報(2017年12月19日)。中國共享經濟踩剎車,成2017年創業陣亡主角:取自https://technews.tw/2017/12/19/share-economy-china-gone/
硬塞科技字典(2018年3月5日)。取自http://inside.com.tw。
臺灣博碩士論文知識加值系統(2018年4月3日)。取自https://ndltd.ncl.edu.tw/cgi-bin/gs32/gsweb.cgi/login?o=dwebmge。
維基百科(2018年2月8日)。柏拉圖:取自http://zh.wikipedia.org。
維基百科(2018年3月6日)。經濟學主題:取自http://zh.wikipedia.org。
維基百科(2018年4月15日)。共享經濟:取自http://zh.wikipedia.org。
維基百科(2018年4月16日)。分類學:取自http://zh.wikipedia.org。
蕭瑟寡人(2016年1月23日)。撇開Uber爭議,台灣發展共享經濟還有機會嗎?取自數位時代https://www.bnext.com.tw/article/42860/put-aside-uber-controversyt-is-there-any-posibility-to-develop-share-economy-in-taiwan。
Botsman, R. (2012). The currency of the new economy is trust. Retrieved Decomber 8, 2017, from TEDGlobal. http://www.ted.com
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Botsman, R. (2015). Defining the sharing economy: What is collaborative consumption - and what isn’t? Retrieved Decomber 8, 2017, from Fastcoexit, Fast company. http://www.fastcompany.com
MBA智庫百科(2018年3月6日)。職業經理人工具:產業經濟學、管理經濟學。取自http://wiki.mbalib.com。
MBA智庫百科(2018年3月8日)。綜效。取自http://wiki.mbalib.com。
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