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系統識別號 U0002-0107201020400800
中文論文名稱 社會地位在兩部門內生成長模型
英文論文名稱 Social status in a two-sector model of endogenous growth
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 經濟學系碩士班
系所名稱(英) Department of Economics
學年度 98
學期 2
出版年 99
研究生中文姓名 王奕
研究生英文姓名 I Wang
學號 697570264
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
口試日期 2010-06-15
論文頁數 33頁
口試委員 指導教授-莊希豐
委員-胡春田
委員-陳智華
中文關鍵字 社會地位  實質資本  人力資本  內生成長  兩部門模型 
英文關鍵字 endogenous growth  human capital  physical capital  social status  two-sector model 
學科別分類 學科別社會科學經濟學
中文摘要 本文主要在探討社會地位對經濟體系的影響力,利用 Uzawa (1965) – Lucas (1988) 兩部門內生成長模型為基礎,生產架構則沿用 Bond, Wang and Yip (1996),並在效用函數中納入社會地位作考量。發現當人們對社會地位渴望程度上升時,有兩個因素會造成經濟成長率變動方向的不同,分別為兩部門的投資分配和實質工資的兩部門相對價格彈性大小。大多情況下人們對社會地位的渴望程度和經濟成長率呈正相關;除非第一部門為資本密集,且工資彈性小於一,則人們對社會地位的渴望程度和經濟成長率呈負相關;這當中主要有兩股力量在拉扯,分別為為了追求社會地位而促使資本存量增加而令經濟成長率上升的正向影響,以及在工資彈性小的時候人們對教育的投資意願下降使得產出減少的負向影響。由此可知,雖然追求社會地位能促進經濟體系的正向成長,但人力資本仍然是體系中重要的環節。
英文摘要 This paper discusses how social status affects economic growth. The framework adopts the two–sector endogenous growth model of Uzawa (1965) – Lucas (1988). The production technology is constructed the same as Bond, Wang and Yip (1996). The social status is taken into consideration by bringing into utility to the representative household. We find that there are different effects on economic growth when people desire higher social status. The mentioned different effects are determined by two main factors:the factor-intensities of the two sectors, and the relative price-elasticities of wage of the two sectors.
In most cases, the more people desire social status the higher the economic growth would be. Only when the first sector is physical-capital intensive and that wage is price-inelastic, the people’s desire extent to social status is negatively related to economic growth.
We find that the social status pursuing produces two channels to affect economic growth. The first is the negative effect on economic growth caused by the reduction in education investment when wage is price inelastic. The second is the positive effect on economic growth caused by the increases in physical capital accumulation. Although the social status pursuing dominates the effect on economic growth, the human capital also plays some role.
論文目次 第一章緒論1
第一節研究背景與動機1
第二節研究目的3
第二章文獻回顧5
第一節經濟成長5
第二節社會地位9
第三章理論模型14
第四章恆定狀態分析 20
第五章結論26
參考文獻29
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