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系統識別號 U0002-0102201806173800
中文論文名稱 跨太平洋夥伴關係協定與美國的亞太再平衡戰略
英文論文名稱 Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement (TPP) and U.S. Rebalance Strategy toward Asia Pacific
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 國際事務與戰略研究所碩士在職專班
系所名稱(英) Graduate Institute of International Affairs and Strategic Studies
學年度 106
學期 1
出版年 107
研究生中文姓名 蔡豐全
研究生英文姓名 Feng-Chuan Tsai
學號 701330333
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
口試日期 2018-01-18
論文頁數 110頁
口試委員 指導教授-李大中
委員-王高成
委員-盧業中
中文關鍵字 跨太平洋夥伴關係協定  亞太再平衡戰略  區域經濟整合  歐巴馬 
英文關鍵字 TPP  Rebalance Strategy  RTA  Barack Obama 
學科別分類 學科別社會科學政治學
學科別社會科學區域研究
中文摘要 本論文描述美國亞太再平衡戰略政策之下「跨太平洋夥伴關係協定」,時間橫跨歐巴馬及川普任期。
本研究發現歐巴馬上任後立刻調整全球戰略布局,提出重返亞太理念,並在2011年底提出再平衡戰略,企圖運用調整軍事部署及強化政經同盟等方式,確保其亞太地位及利益,其中「跨太平洋夥伴關係協定」扮演「再平衡」中主要經濟戰略。
美國前安全顧問唐尼倫(Thomas E. Donilon)指出美國亞太「再平衡」核心就是「跨太平洋夥伴關係協定」,稱其即是經濟目標,同時也是戰略目標,亦被認為可突破國家資本主義障礙,豎立與鞏固開放市場原則,促進整體經濟體的發展。
然而美國現任總統川普將國內經濟問題歸咎於貿易待遇受到不公平待遇,認為全球化貿易已過度侵蝕美國勞工工作機會,上任後第一份行政命令即是正式宣布美國退出「跨太平洋夥伴關係協定」。
日本、澳洲、紐西蘭、新加坡等TPP11國仍然維持繼續推動「跨太平洋夥伴關係協定」,並於2017年11月正式將「跨太平洋夥伴關係協定」更名為「跨太平洋夥伴包容與全面進展協定」,規劃最快於2018年生效。
川普上任後陸續退出「跨太平洋夥伴關係協定」、巴黎協定及宣布耶撒冷為以色列首都等一連串事件,使得亞太盟國或中立國家對美國產生不信任,恐將影響其後續亞太戰略推動。
英文摘要 This study found out that immediately after taking office, Obama made some adjustment to the global strategy, proposing the idea of returning to the Asia-Pacific, as well as U.S. Rebalance Strategy by the end of 2011. In an attempt to secure its Asia-Pacific status and interests through measures such as the readjustment of its military deployment and the strengthening of political and economic alliance; Trans-Pacific Partnership(TPP) has played a major economic role of Rebalance Strategy.
Thomas E. Donilon, a former U.S. national security advisor, pointed out that the core of Rebalance Strategy to the Asia-Pacific is Trans-Pacific Partnership , saying that it is both an economic goal and a strategic goal. It is also believed that it can break through the obstacles of state capitalism, erecting and consolidating the market-opening principles, to promote the development of the economy as a whole.
However, President Trump attributed domestic economic problems to the unfair treatment of trade. He believed that global trade eroded the labor opportunities in the United States. After taking office, the first executive order that Trump officially announced was withdrawal of U.S. from Trans-Pacific Partnership.
TPP11 countries maintained their promotion of Trans-Pacific Partnership. In November 2017, Trans-Pacific Partnership officially changed its name to "Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership"(CPTPP). The plan will take effect as soon as 2018.
A string of events such as Trump's gradual withdrawal from Trans-Pacific Partnership, the Paris agreement and the declaration of Jerusalem as the capital of Israel, has caused the Asia-Pacific allies or neutral countries losing confidence in the United States, which may affect its follow-up promotion of the Asia-Pacific strategy.
論文目次 目 錄
圖目錄 V
表目錄 V
第一章 緒論1
第一節 研究動機與目的1
第二節 研究範圍4
第三節 研究途徑與方法6
第四節 研究架構與章節安排7
第二章 美國「再平衡」戰略發展9
第一節 歐巴馬上任後的挑戰與對外政策走向9
第二節 亞太地區形勢與亞太再平衡政策的緣起13
第三節 「再平衡」具體政策內容18
第四節 小結27
第三章 再平衡戰略下的跨太平洋夥伴關係協定29
第一節 協定發展與談判進程29
第二節 協定主要內容36
第三節 美國推動跨太平洋夥伴關係協定的考量與目的40
第四節 跨太平洋夥伴關係協定與安全及外交政策的聯結44
第五節 小結49
第四章 跨太平洋夥伴關係協定發展調整方向與前瞻51
第一節 川普放棄跨太平洋夥伴關係協定的考量與替代作為51
第二節 跨太平洋夥伴關係協定的轉型與挑戰59
第三節 美國退出跨太平洋夥伴關係協定對其亞太戰略之影響77
第四節 小結81
第五章 結論83
第一節 研究發現83
第二節 研究建議86
參考文獻 87

圖目錄
圖1- 1研究架構圖7
圖4- 1 TPP及RCEP協定成員國比較圖76

表目錄
表3- 1 跨太平洋夥伴關係協定主要章節36
表4- 1 TPP及CPTPP協定主要差異66
表4- 2 TPP、RCEP、FTAAP協定主要差異(2014年)70
參考文獻 參考文獻
壹、中文部分
一、官方資料
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中華民國經濟部,2016/3/15。〈RCEP談判指導原則與目標〉,〈https://www.trade.gov.tw/Pages/Detail.aspx?nodeID=1567&pid=555775&dl_DateRange=all&txt_SD=&txt_ED=&txt_Keyword=&Pageid=0〉。
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中華人民共合國商務部,2015/10/23。〈「區域全面經濟夥伴關係協定」(RCEP)第十輪談判在韓國釜山舉行〉,〈http://fta.mofcom.gov.cn/article/rcep/rcepnews/201510/28975_1.html〉。
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三、期刊與報告
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田起安,2013/1月。〈簡析RCEP未來發展之挑戰〉,《經貿法訊》,第142期,頁7-15。
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吳柏寬、蘇怡文,2017/5。〈美球化、反全球化與川普保護主義〉,《經濟前瞻》,第 159 期,頁11至16。
吳福成,2016 /10。〈面向RCEP和FTAAP發展新趨勢〉,《APEC通訊》,第205期,頁6-11 。〈https://wto.cnfi.org.tw/all-module22.php?id=465&t_type=s〉。
吳澗生、曹鳳杰,2014/1。〈跨太平洋夥伴關係協定(TPP):趨勢、影響及戰略對策〉,《國際經濟評論》,2014年第1月號,頁55-69。
呂波,2014/8。〈成員國推動RCEP談判的原因分析〉,《中國管理信息化》,第17卷第15期,頁 77-81。
呂耀東,2012/3。〈深化同盟機制:西美雙邊互動的戰略願景〉,《日本學刊》,2012年3月號,頁3-9。〈http://ijs.cass.cn/xsyj/xslw/rbwj/201607/W020160728586311336105.pdf〉。
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宋鎮照、蔡相偉,2012/10。〈亞太經貿開啟雙軸競爭格局之新秩序:RCEP vs. TPP發展之政經分析〉,《戰略安全研析》,第90期,頁13-24。
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盧孔標、玉守貞、丁攀,2012/5。〈跨太平洋夥伴關係協定:主要分歧與前景分析〉,《東南亞研究》,2012年5月號,頁66至72。
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顧瑩華,2017/1,〈 TPP生死未卜,何去何從? 〉,《經濟前瞻》,第169期,頁88-92。〈http://www.cier.edu.tw/site/cier/public/data/169-13%E5%8D%80%E5%9F%9F%E7%B6%93%E6%BF%9F%E8%AB%96%E5%A3%87.pdf〉。
四、網路資源
中央社,2017/5/7。〈美國退出TPP 傳亞太國家合力搶救〉,《中央社》 ,〈 https://udn.com/news/story/6811/2475004〉 。
日經中文網,2017/1/25。〈TPP群主永久退出中韓替補繼續談?〉,《日經中文網》,〈http://zh.cn.nikkei.com/politicsaeconomy/investtrade/23478-2017-01-26-04-59-13.html〉。
王良芬,2011/9/7。〈仇恨報復 自食惡果 兩場反恐戰 打垮的是美國的經濟〉,《中時電子報》,〈http://blog.udn.com/chen25415712/5618628〉
王曉萌,2013/7/29。〈美媒:佈局南海爭奪,美菲軍力將進駐蘇比克灣〉,《中國網軍事》,〈http://big5.china.com.cn/gate/big5/military.china.com.cn/2013-07/29/content_29556305.htm〉.
吉野直也,2016/9/12。〈TPP是歐巴馬亞洲戰略最後一塊拼圖〉,《日本產經新聞》,〈http://zh.cn.nikkei.com/politicsaeconomy/politicsasociety/21417-20160912.html〉。
江瑋,2015/10/6。〈美國總統貿易顧問細數TPP輸贏家〉,《財經網》,〈https://www.toutiao.com/i6202478657178141186/〉。
自由時報,2017/1/24。〈美國退出TPP 澳洲改口歡迎中國加入〉,《自由時報》,〈http://news.ltn.com.tw/news/world/breakingnews/1957754〉。
林桂軍,2015/10/15。〈中國開放先行一步〉,《光明日報》,〈http://epaper.gmw.cn/gmrb/html/2015-10/15/nw.D110000gmrb_20151015_1-13.htm〉。
林淑媛,2014/2/18。〈TPP與RCEP看誰先突破僵局〉,《中央通訊社》,〈http://www.cna.com.tw/news/firstnews/201402180012-1.aspx〉。
林筠,2017/4/16。〈日本動員10國 要恢復TPP〉,《經濟日報》,〈https://money.udn.com/money/story/5599/2405874〉。
柯婉琇,2016/11/15。〈TPP瀕死,馬來西亞轉推中國主導的RCEP〉,《中時電子報》,〈http://www.chinatimes.com/realtimenews/20161115004133-260410〉。
胡維剛,2017/8/22/。〈美國應重回TPP〉,《民報》,〈http://www.peoplenews.tw/news/acc14b66-e5a1-44d2-b9de-3e907f1c1710〉。
陳一新,2017/10/2。〈新南向政策─蔡英文「國王的新衣」?〉,《風傳媒》,〈http://www.storm.mg/article/338977〉。
陳世欽,2016/11/19。〈美國貿易代表傅洛曼:廢TPP代價高〉,《聯合新聞網》,〈http://udn.com/news/story/5/2116084〉。
陳柔蓁,2016/2/4。〈TPP12個原始談判國今日簽署 台灣沒份〉,《自由時報》,〈http://news.ltn.com.tw/index.php/news/world/breakingnews/1594411〉。
壹讀,2016/8/25。〈加快RCEP建設 激活中國外貿戰略布局〉,《壹讀》,〈https://read01.com/zh-tw/AMy870.html#.WeMsAWiCw2w〉。
黃國治,2017/8。〈日本主導下的TPP11〉,《APEC通訊》,第215期,頁9-11。〈http://www.ctasc.org.tw/02publication/APEC-215-9-11.pdf〉。
黃菁菁,2016/11/15。〈安倍:TPP還沒完 日本來主導〉,《聯合新聞網》, 〈https://www.udn.com/news/story/6811/2106439〉。
葉長城,2012/9。〈跨太平洋夥伴關係協定 (TPP) 的回顧,進展與展望:兼論其對亞太區域經濟整合之可能影響與我國之因應〉,《WTO電子報》,第329期。〈http://slidesplayer.com/slide/11537303/〉。
葉蓬玲,2017/2/2。〈川普退出TPP後,東南亞各國如何回應?〉,《關鍵評論》,〈https://asean.thenewslens.com/article/60596〉。
趙春曉,2016/11/15。〈安倍政府看重TPP不是經濟利益而是源於政治安全〉,《國際在線》,〈https://kknews.cc/zh-tw/world/reqa2pr.html〉。
蔣士棋,2017/9/8。〈TPP還在?〉,《北美智權報》,〈https://udn.com/news/story/6871/2689621〉。
賴榮偉,2013 /8 。〈攻勢現實主義與歐巴馬政府的亞太戰略發展〉,《育 達 科 大 學 報》,第35 期,頁75-102。

貳、英文部分
一、官方資料
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“ Joint Statement by President Obama and Prime Minister Singh of India”, The White House, Nov 08, 2010. 〈https://obamawhitehouse.archives.gov/the-press-office/2010/11/08/joint-statement-president-obama-and-prime-minister-singh-india〉.
“ President Barack Obama's State of the Union Address,” The WhiteHouse, Feb 12, 2013 .〈https://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2013/02/12/remarks-president-state-union-address〉.
“ Speech in ASEAN Regional Forum 2010 by Hillary Rodham Clinton Secretary of State,” U.S. Departmetnt of Defense, Jul 23, 2010. 〈http://www.state.gov/secretary/20092013clinton/rm/2010/07/145095.htm〉.
“ U.S. Trade Representative Michael Froman and Congressman Sam Farr Highlight the Environmental and Economic Benefits of the Trans-Pacific Partnership, ” Office of the United Stated Trade Represenative, Feb 2016. 〈https://ustr.gov/about-us/policy-offices/press-office/press-releases/2016/february/ambassador-froman-and-congressman〉.
“2011 NATIONAL EXPORT STRATEGY,” Trade Promotion Coordinating Committee , Jun 2011.〈http://www.trade.gov/publications/pdfs/nes2011final.pdf〉.
“Advancing Our Interests: Actions in Support of the President's National Security Strategy,” The White House, May 27, 2010. 〈 https://obamawhitehouse.archives.gov/the-press-office/advancing-our-interests-actions-support-presidents-national-security-strategy〉.
“Annual Report to the President on Progress Implementing the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009,” The White House , Feb 17, 2009 .〈https://obamawhitehouse.archives.gov/recovery/anniversary/message〉.
“APEC:Opening Remarks by President Obama at APEC Session One,” The White House , November 13, 2011. 〈https://obamawhitehouse.archives.gov/the-press-office/2011/11/13/opening-remarks-president-obama-apec-session-one〉.
“Asia-Pacific Maritime Security Strategy,” U.S. Department of Defense, Aug , 2015 , p.28. 〈https://www.defense.gov/Portals/1/Documents/pubs/NDAA%20A-P_Maritime_SecuritY_Strategy-08142015-1300-FINALFORMAT.PDF〉.
“Fact Sheet: The 2015 National Security Strategy ,” The White House , Feb 6, 2015.〈https://obamawhitehouse.archives.gov/the-press-office/2015/02/06/fact-sheet-2015-national-security-strategy〉.
“FACT SHEET: TPP Tobacco Proposal,”Office of the United States Trade Representative, May 2012.〈https://ustr.gov/about-us/policy-offices/press-office/fact-sheets/2012/may/tpp-tobacco-proposal〉 .
“Guiding Principles and Objectives for Negotiating the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership,” ASEAN, Aug 30 , 2012. 〈http://www.meti.go.jp/policy/trade_policy/east_asia/dl/RCEP_GP_EN.pdf〉.
“Joint Press Conference with President Obama and Prime Minister Abe of Japan ,” The White House, April 24, 2014.〈https://obamawhitehouse.archives.gov/the-press-office/2014/04/24/joint-press-conference-president-obama-and-prime-minister-abe-japan〉.
“Locklear: Pacom’s Priorities Reflect New Strategic Guidance,” U.S. Departmetnt of Defense , May 18, 2012. 〈http://archive.defense.gov/news/newsarticle.aspx?id=116397〉.
“Overview : Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) ,”ASEAN, Oct 3, 2016.〈http://www.aseansme.org/zfta_rcep〉。
“Overview ASEAN Plus Three Cooperation,” ASEAN Secretariat Information Paper, Jun 2017.〈 http://asean.org/storage/2017/06/Overview-of-APT-Cooperation-Jun-2017.pdf〉.
“President Barack Obama's Inaugural Address”,The White House, Jan 21, 2009 . 〈https://obamawhitehouse.archives.gov/blog/2009/01/21/president-barack-obamas-inaugural-address〉.
“President Donald J. Trump at the United Nations General Assembly: Outlining an America First Foreign Policy, ” The WHITE HOUSE, Sep 20, 2017.〈https://www.whitehouse.gov/america-first-foreign-policy〉.
“President Obama Launches Advanced Manufacturing Partnership,”The White House,Jun 24, 2011.〈https://obamawhitehouse.archives.gov/the-press-office/2011/06/24/president-obama-launches-advanced-manufacturing-partnership〉.
“Remarks by President Barack Obama at Suntory Hall,” The White House, Nov 14, 2009.〈https://obamawhitehouse.archives.gov/realitycheck/the-press-office/remarks-president-barack-obama-suntory-hall〉.
“Remarks by President Obama and Prime Minister Shinawatra in a Joint Press Conference, ” The White House, Nov 18, 2012.〈https://obamawhitehouse.archives.gov/the-press-office/2012/11/18/remarks-president-obama-and-prime-minister-shinawatra-joint-press-confer〉.
“Remarks by the President at the Signing of the Manufacturing Enhancement Act of 2010,”The White House,Aug 11, 2010.〈https://obamawhitehouse.archives.gov/the-press-office/2010/08/11/remarks-president-signing-manufacturing-enhancement-act-2010〉 .
“Remarks by the President in State of Union Address”, The White House, Jan 27, 2010 . 〈https://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/remarks-president-state-union-address〉.
“Remarks by the President on Insourcing American Jobs,” The White House, Jan 11, 2012.〈https://obamawhitehouse.archives.gov/the-press-office/2012/01/11/remarks-president-insourcing-american-jobs〉.
“Remarks of President Barack Obama – State of the Union Address As Delivered ,“ The White House, Jan 13, 2016.〈https://obamawhitehouse.archives.gov/the-press-office/2016/01/12/remarks-president-barack-obama-%E2%80%93-prepared-delivery-state-union-address〉.
“Remarks of President Obama to the People of Laos,” The White House, Sep 06, 2016. 〈https://obamawhitehouse.archives.gov/the-press-office/2016/09/06/remarks-president-obama-people-laos〉.
“Speech of President Aquino at the Council on Foreign Relations, ” Philippines government,Sep 24, 2010.〈 http://www.officialgazette.gov.ph/2010/09/24/speech-of-president-aquino-at-the-council-on-foreign-relations-new-york-city/〉.
“Sustaining U.S Global Leadership: Priorities for 21st Century Defense,” US Department of Defense, Jan 2012. 〈http://archive.defense.gov/news/Defense_Strategic_Guidance.pdf〉 .
“Sustaining U.S. Global Leadership: Priorities for 21st Century Defense”, Department of Defense, Jan 5 ,2012,pp.1-8.〈http://archive.defense.gov/news/Defense_Strategic_Guidance.pdf〉.
“Sustaining U.S. Global Leadership: Priorities for 21st Century Defense,” Department of Defense, Jan 2012, p.7.〈http://archive.defense.gov/news/Defense_Strategic_Guidance.pdf〉.
“The National Strategy of the United States of American ,” US Department of Defense, Feb 8 ,2011.〈https://www.army.mil/e2/rv5_downloads/info/references/NMS_Feb2011.pdf〉.
“The President's State of the Union Address,” The White House, Jan 29,2002. 〈https://georgewbush-whitehouse.archives.gov/news/releases/2002/01/20020129-11.html〉.
“The Wellington Declaration, “ The White House ,Apr 10, 2010.〈https://internetnz.nz/sites/default/files/workstreams/wellingtondeclaration.pdf〉.
“TRANS-PACIFIC PARTNERSHIP Trade Ministers’ Report to Leaders ,“Office of the United States Trade Representative, Oct 8, 2013. 〈 https://ustr.gov/sites/default/files/tpp%20trade%20ministers%20report%20to%20leaders%2010082013.pdf〉。
“Trans-Pacific Partnership Trade Ministers’ Report to Leaders, “Office of the United States Trade Representative, Nov 10, 2014. 〈 https://ustr.gov/sites/default/files/tpp%20trade%20ministers%20report%20to%20leaders%2010082013.pdf〉.
Blackwill, Robert D. and Tellis, Ashley J. “Revising U.S. Grand Strategy Toward China,” Council Special Report,No. 72 ,March 2015, 〈 http://carnegieendowment.org/files/Tellis_Blackwill.pdf〉.
Campbell, Kurt M. “Asia Overview: Protecting American Interests in China and Asia”, U.S. Department of State , Mar 31,2011. 〈https://2009-2017.state.gov/p/eap/rls/rm/2011/03/159450.htm〉 .
Carter, Ashton B. “U.S. Rebalance to Asia-Pacific Region”, U.S. Department of Defense, Aug 1 , 2012 .〈http://www.defense.gov/news/newsarticle.aspx?id=128536〉 .
Clinton, Hillary R. “Delivering on the Promise of Economic Statecraft,” U.S.Department of State,Nov 17, 2012 . 〈https://2009-2017.state.gov/secretary/20092013clinton/rm/2012/11/200664.htm〉.
Clinton, Hillary R. ,“Remarks Hillary Rodham Clinton Secretary of State East-West Center,” America's Pacific Century, Nov 10, 2011. 〈https://2009-2017.state.gov/secretary/20092013clinton/rm/2011/11/176999.htm〉.
Clinton, Hillary R. “America’s Pacific Century”, U.S. Department of State,,Oct 11, 2011.〈https://2009-2017.state.gov/secretary/20092013clinton/rm/2011/11/176999.htm〉.
Clinton, Hillary R. “Remarks on Regional Architecture in Asia: Principles and Priorities,” U.S. Department of State, Jan 12, 2010.〈 https://2009-2017.state.gov/secretary/20092013clinton/rm/2010/01/135090.htm〉。
Donilon ,Thomas E. “President Obama’s Asia Policy and Upcoming Trip to the Region,” The Whitehouse, Nov15, 2012.〈 http://csis.org/files/attachments/121511_Donilon_Statesmens_Forum_TS.pdf〉.
Donilon, Thomas E. “The United States and the Asia-Pacific in 2013,” The White House, Mar 11, 2013.〈https://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2013/03/11/remarks-tom-donilon-national-security-advisory-president-united-states-a〉.
Kerry, John. “Remarks on U.S.-China Relations,”U.S.Department of State,Nov 4,2014.〈http://www.state.gov/secretary/remarks/2014/11/233705.htm〉.
Obama, Barack. “Remarks by the President in State of Union Address”, The White House, Jan 27, 2010 .〈https://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/remarks-president-state-union-address〉.
Panetta, Leon.“The US Rebalancing towards the Asia-Pacific," The Shangri-La Dialogue, Jun 02, 2012.〈http://www.iiss.org/conferences/the-shangri-la-dialogue/shangri-la-dialogue-2012/speeches/first-plenary-session/leon-panetta/〉.
Tillerson, Rex W. “Remarks on "Defining Our Relationship With India for the Next Century",”U.S. Department of State, Oct 18, 2017. 〈https://www.state.gov/secretary/remarks/2017/10/274913.htm〉 .
二、期刊論文
“Malcolm Turnbull to push Congress over Trans-Pacific Partnership, ” Financial Review(Sep 8 ,2016), pp.15-21.〈http://www.afr.com/news/politics/malcolm-turnbull-to-push-congress-over-transpacific-partnership-20160917-griqk2〉.
“McCain slams TPP withdrawal, again, as a strategic blunder, ”Inside U.S. Trade’s(April 26, 2017) , pp.2-7.〈http://www.investphilippines.info/arangkada/mccain-slams-tpp-withdrawal-again-as-a-strategic-blunder/〉.
“Outlines of the Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement”,OFFICE OF THE UNITED STATES TRADE REPRESENTATIVE(Nov 14,2011) , pp.18-24. 〈http://www.sice.oas.org/TPD/TPP/Negotiations/TPP_outlines_Nov11_e.pdf〉 .
Belasco, Amy. ,“The Cost of Iraq, Afghanistan, and Other Global War on Terror Operations Since 9/11”(Mar 29,2011) , pp.88-92.〈https://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/natsec/RL33110.pdf〉.
Brown, Randi. “TPP? TTIP? Key trade deal terms explained”, Brookings (May 20, 2015) , pp.80-95.〈 https://www.brookings.edu/blog/brookings-now/2015/05/20/tpp-ttip-key-trade-deal-terms-explained/〉
Colby, Elbridge. and Glosserman, Brad. “Asia’s Real America Problem,” PacNet, No.16,Mar 13, 2012; Cossa, Ralph. and Glosserman, Brad. “Return to Asia: It’s Not (All) About China,” PacNet, No.7(Jan 2012), pp.20-21.
Green, Michael J. “U.S.-Japan Relations:Strategic alignment,” Comparative Connections(May 2015), pp.13-17. 〈http://www.jcie.org/researchpdfs/NewPerspectives/new_green.pdf〉 .
Harding , Robin. “Japan seeks to bring Pacific trade deal back from the dead,” Financial Times(Apr 23, 2017), pp.35-37. 〈https://www.ft.com/content/3ccdf200-2658-11e7-8691-d5f7e0cd0a16〉 .
Lohman,Walter. , Stern, Lewis and Jordanj, Colonel William. “U.S.–Vietnam Defense Relations: Investing in Strategic Alignment,” The Heritage Foundation(July 18, 2012), pp.57-61. 〈http://www.heritage.org/asia/report/us-vietnam-defense-relations-investing-strategic-alignment〉.
Meltzer , Joshua P. “From the Trans-Pacific Partnership to a free trade agreement of the Asia-Pacific? ,”Brookings, May 5, 2015. 〈https://www.brookings.edu/blog/future-development/2015/05/05/from-the-trans-pacific-partnership-to-a-free-trade-agreement-of-the-asia-pacific/〉.
Park, Jae-Kyung. “The US Pivot to Asia and Asia’s Pivot to the US,” East-West Center(Jul 19, 2012), pp.32-36. 〈https://www.eastwestcenter.org/sites/default/files/private/apb173.pdf〉.
Petri, Peter A. and Plummer, Michael G. “ The Economic Effects of the Trans-Pacific Partnership: New Estimates, ” Peterson Institute For International Economics( Jan 2016) , pp.41-48.〈https://piie.com/publications/working-papers/economic-effects-trans-pacific-partnership-new-estimates〉.
Scott, Robert E. “ Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement-Currency manipulation, trade, wages, and job loss, ”Economic Policy Institute, January 13, 2016. 〈http://www.epi.org/publication/trans-pacific-partnership-agreement-currency-manipulation-trade-wages-and-job-loss/〉.
Sutter, Robert G., Brown, Michael E., Adamson, Timothy J. A. “Balancing Acts:THE U.S. Rebalance and Asia-Pacific Stability, “Elliott School of International Affairs(Aug 2013), pp.11-12.〈https://www2.gwu.edu/~sigur/assets/docs/BalancingActs_Compiled1.pdf〉.
Vaughn, Bruce. “Australia and the U.S. Rebalancing to Asia Strategy,” Congressional Research Service, October 26, 2012.〈https://www.hsdl.org/?view&did=726853〉.
ZHU Zhiqun & Courtney FU Rong .“U.S. - CHINA STRATEGIC AND ECONOMIC DIALOGUE 2010 ,” Jun 4, 2010.〈 http://www.eai.nus.edu.sg/publications/files/BB532.pdf〉
三、網路資源
“ IMF World Economic Outlook Database, “ IMF ,Apr 2013.〈http://www.cn.emb-japan.go.jp/TPP-C%20.pdf〉.
“ New AFL-CIO TPP Report Highlights Lack of Worker Protections, ” AFL-CIO,Feb16, 2016. 〈https://aflcio.org/press/releases/new-afl-cio-tpp-report-highlights-lack-worker-protections〉.
“ Toward a Deeper and Broader U.S.-Japan Alliance: Building on 50 Years of Partnership, “ Joint Statement of the Security Consultative Committee, Jun 21, 2011. 〈http://www.mofa.go.jp/region/n-america/us/security/pdfs/joint1106_01.pdf〉.
“14 nations start talks in Chile on replacing or redesigning TPP trade deal,”the japan times, Mar 15, 2017.〈https://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2017/03/15/business/14-nations-start-talks-chile-replacing-redesigning-tpp-trade-deal/#.WeIfPmiCw2w〉.
“Australia-United States Ministerial Consultations 2010 Joint Communiqué”Australian Government Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Nov 8 ,2010. 〈 http://dfat.gov.au/geo/united-states-of-america/ausmin/Pages/ausmin-joint-communique-2010.aspx〉.
“Donald J. Trump's 7 Point Plan To Rebuild the American Economy by Fighting for Free Trade, STARS AND STRIPES FOREVER PAC, Oct 1,2016. 〈https://www.facebook.com/notes/the-2016-committee/donald-j-trumps-vision/1251246731604221/〉.
“How Canada can save the TPP, even if Donald Trump won’t play along,” Financial Post ,Nov 22, 2016 .〈http://business.financialpost.com/opinion/how-canada-can-save-the-tpp-even-if-donald-trump-wont-play-along〉.
“Republican Senator Portman opposes TPP trade deal in present form, ” The New Yark Times Feb. 4, 2016.〈http://www.reuters.com/article/us-trade-tpp-portman/republican-senator-portman-opposes-tpp-trade-deal-in-present-form-idUSKCN0VD2NF〉
“Ross touts Trump’s Indo-Pacific strategy as ‘more inclusive’ than TPP , “WORLD TRADE, Nov 13, 2017. 〈https://insidetrade.com/daily-news/ross-touts-trump%E2%80%99s-indo-pacific-strategy-%E2%80%98more-inclusive%E2%80%99-tppS〉.
“Speech by Mr Tharman Shanmugaratnam, Deputy Prime Minister & Minister for Finance at the Opening of the Inaugural Network ASEAN Forum,”ASEAN Buisness club, Jan 2015. 〈https://www.aseanbusinessclub.org/media/speeches/speech-by-mr-tharman-shanmugaratnam-deputy-prime-minister-minister-for-finance-at-the-opening-of-the-inaugural-network-asean-forum/〉.
“TPP-11 Negotiators Examine Options for Advancing Deal Without US,”International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development, vol. 21, No. 26, Jul 20, 2017,pp.34-38.〈http://www.ictsd.org/bridges-news/bridges/news/tpp-11-negotiators-examine-options-for-advancing-deal-without-us〉.
“Trans-Pacific Partnership 'Meaningless' Without US: Japan PM Shinzo Abe,” NDTV , Nov 22, 2016.〈https://www.ndtv.com/world-news/trans-pacific-partnership-meaningless-without-us-japan-pm-shinzo-abe-1628620〉.
”Details of a massive trade deal among 11 heavyweight economies may be announced next month,” CNBC, Oct 17, 2017. 〈https://www.cnbc.com/2017/10/17/tpp-with-america-trade-deal-among-11-economies-may-be-coming.html〉.
”Malcolm Turnbull urges US Congress to ratify Trans-Pacific Partnership,”the guardian, sep 19, 2016.〈https://www.theguardian.com/australia-news/2016/sep/19/malcolm-turnbull-urges-us-congress-to-ratify-trans-pacific-partnership〉.
Arshad, Leslean. “Too premature to make final decision on TPP,” The Star, Nov 20 ,2016. 〈http://www.thestar.com.my/business/business-news/2016/11/20/too-premature-to-make-final-decision-on-tpp-says-mustapa/〉。
Bader, Jeffrey A.”Obama and China’s Rise,” Brookings Institution, Mar 12, 2013.〈https://www.brookings.edu/book/obama-and-chinas-rise/〉.
Baker, James A. “America in Asia: Emerging Architecture for a Pacific Community,” Foreign Affairs, 〈 https://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/asia/1991-12-01/america-asia-emerging-architecture-pacific-community〉 .
Bernanke, Ben S. ”The Economic Recovery and Economic Policy,” Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System , November 20, 2012. 〈 https://www.federalreserve.gov/newsevents/speech/bernanke20121120a.htm〉.
Blanchfield, Mike. “Chrystia Freeland says TPP deal dead unless US remains on board,” Globalnews, Nov 22, 2016.〈https://globalnews.ca/news/3082786/chrystia-freeland-says-tpp-deal-dead-without-donald-trumps-approval/〉.
Brown, Hayes. “Vice President Biden Promotes U.S. Rebalance Toward Asia,” thinkprogress, Jul 18, 2013. 〈https://thinkprogress.org/vice-president-biden-promotes-u-s-rebalance-toward-asia-d3b85b5c3679/〉.
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